George C. Marshall: Interviews and Reminiscences
for Forrest C. Pogue

These documents are transcripts and notes made during
late 1956 and early 1957 by and for General George C. Marshall's
biographer, Forrest C. Pogue. They are the nearest approach to a
memoir of Marshall's later career that the general ever attempted.


Introduction
  Forward by Walter LeFeber, Cornell University; Highlights

Tape 1 - Childhood in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, 1880-90s - Childhood in Uniontown Pennsylvania, 1880-90s.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview

Tape 2 - Childhood in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, 1880-90s - Family background and parents.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 3 - The Virginia Military Institute and Lexington, Virginia, 1897-01;
influences on later life; home life.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview

Tape 4 - Philippine assignment, 1902-03; Fort Reno, Oklahoma Territory;
Texas mapping expedition.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview

Tape 5 - Fort Reno; Leavenworth schools, 1906-10, National Guard service, 1908-12; Philippine assignment, 1913-16; aide to General Bell, 1916-17. Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 6 - Preparedness and mobilization duties, 1916-17; First Division
and France, 1916-1917; General Pershing; GHQ Duties; Madame Jouette.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 7 - World War I: St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne; First Division, French Leaders; MacArthur; aide to Pershing, 1919-24. 
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 8 - National Guard, 1939-41; relations with the British and
the Army Air Corps. 

Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 9 - Mobilization problems, 1939-41; Atlantic Conference, 1941;
relations with the British.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 10 - Mobilization problems, 1940-41; draft; relations with the Congress and the Army Air Corps.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 11 - Tunisia, 1943; relations with the British, the Congress, and the French; Army appropriations, 1941; Marshall Plan Speech, 1947;
Secretary of Defense, 1950; relations with Stalin.

Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview

Tape 12 - Morning briefings, 1944-45; Arcadia Conference;
China Mission, 1946; Pacific strategy.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 13 - World War II; Eisenhower and Patton, 1944; logistics and manpower problems; Battle of the Bulge; Malta and Yalta Conferences.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 14 - Ultra leak to Dewey, 1944; Dill-Marshall relationship; politics and the JCS; relations with FDR; atomic bomb development and use.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 15 - Pacific theater operations; Leahy and the JCS; relations with Hopkins, King, Somervell; intelligence failures; war and democratic society; weapons development; Civil Affairs School; information and films for soldiers. Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 16 - Elite units; qualities of U.S. and other soldiers; atomic bomb development; mobilization problems; media relations; moral problems.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 17 - Demobilization problems; 1945; African-American soldiers;
relations with FDR.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview

Tape 18 - Marshall Plan; lessons of World War I; reforming the
Infantry School, 1927-32; Patton.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview;
PDF transcript of edited interview


Tape 19 - Churchill's Balkan Plans; Marshall Plan; State Dept. reorganization; MacArthur and Pacific Strategy; Lend Lease.
Audio recording; PDF transcript of recorded interview:
PDF transcript of edited interview


Interview Notes


September 28, 1956 - Rear area problems, 1942-45; cross-Channel attack plans, 1942-43

October 5, 1956 - British and cross-Channel attack plans, 1942-43; training problems, TORCH planning 1942; relations with the Navy

October 29, 1956 - Stilwell and China; relations with MacArthur, Churchill, the French, and Army Air Forces

November 13, 1956 - Relations with the British, Dill, and FDR; Mediterranean theater; comments on Reserve officers


The Six Interviews
July 9, 1947 - William M. Spencer, at the Mayflower Hotel, Washington, D.C.

February 11, 1949 - Col. L. M. Guyer, USAF and Col. C. H. Donnelly, USA, Historical Section, Joint Chiefs of Staff, at Walter Reed Hospital, Presidential Suite,  Washington, D.C.

July 25, 1949 - Dr. Sidney T. Matthews, Major Roy Lemson, and Major David Hamilton, Office of the Chief on Military History, at The Pentagon, Room 2E844

July 25, 1949 - Dr. Sidney T. Matthews, Dr. Howard M Smyth, Major Roy Lemson, and Major David Hamilton, Office of the Chief of Military History, at The Pentagon, Room 2E844

October 30, 1952 - Harry B. Price and Roy E. Foulke - (Reproduced with
permission of the Truman Library, Independence, Missouri)

February 18, 1953 - Harry B. Price and Roy E. Foulke - (Reproduced with
permission of the Truman Library, Independence, Missouri)


March 29, 1954 - John P. Sutherland (U.S. News & World Report 47 (November 2, 1959): 50–56, Used with permission)