Major General Withers A. Burress
Commanding General 100th Infantry Division
A veteran of 30 years’ service, Major General Withers A. Burress commanded the Century Division from activation until 22 September 1945, when he left the 100th to take command of the VI Corps.Born in Richmond, Virginia, on 24 November 1894, General Burress matriculated at the Virginia Military Institute from which he graduated in 1914 with the degree of Bachelor of Science. He was commissioned in the Regular Army as a second lieutenant of Infantry on 30 November 1916.
With the advent of World War I, General Burress was assigned to the 23d Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division, with which unit he served as assistant regimental operations officer. He participated in five major engagements: the Troyon Sector, Chateau Thierry, the Aisne-Marne Offensive, the Pont-a-Mousson Sector, and the St. Mihiel Offensive. He returned from France on 2 November 1919 with the permanent rank of captain.
Between wars, General Burress occupied school and command posts throughout the United States, including his VMI alma mater where he was Professor of Military Science and Tactics. On 29 October 1941, he became Assistant Commandant of the Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia. He left this important post upon assignment to the Puerto Rican Department early in 1942.
General Burress guided the 100th through the difficult Vosges Mountains campaign; the initial assault on Bitche; the 100th’s great winter defense before that Maginot bastion; the final capture of the Bitche fortress; the bitter, 9-day assault against Heilbronn, which resulted in the 100th’s most brilliant victory; and the surge southward to Stuttgart.
This information is quoted from the 100th Infantry Division Association’s website: www.100thww2.org
Brigadier General, Maurice L. Miller
Assistant Division Commander
15 November 1942 – 27 December 1944
General Miller was born in Oronoco, Minnesota on 19 September 1894, and entered the military service as a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1912. He was commissioned into the infantry with the Class of 1916, and commanded a battalion of the 34th Division in combat in France during World War I. Wounded in action near Thiaucourt in October, 1918, he returned to the States in 1919 and instructor duty at his alma mater, West Point.General Miller served in various stateside and overseas assignments between the wars, including duty at the Infantry School at Fort Benning, where he met then-Colonel Burress, who was serving as Assistant Commandant of the school. General Burress selected General Miller to serve as his Assistant Division Commander from the activation of the Division in November, 1942.
General Miller served as Assistant Division Commander throughout all phases of the Division’s predeployment training and preparation, and went overseas with the Division in October of 1944. He helped direct the Division’s historic penetration of the German Winter Line in the High Vosges, the pursuit through the Low Vosges, and the initial assault on the Bitche defenses. At the end of December, 1944, severe ill health forced General Miller was forced to relinquish command and return to the States.
Brigadier General, Andrew C. Tychsen
Assistant Division Commander and, later, Commanding General, 100th Infantry Division
Like Gen. Burress, Brigadier General Andrew C. Tychsen is a veteran of 30 years’ Army service. Assigned to the 100th Infantry Division as commanding officer of the 399th Infantry Regiment upon activation of the division, Brigadier General Tychsen was appointed assistant division commander in January 1945. He became Commanding General of the Century in September 1945, upon General Burress’ assignment to VI Corps. He retained that post until January 1946 when the 100th was inactivated.General Tychsen was born in Hoboken, New Jersey, on 27 June 1893. Enlisting as a private in the 1st Minnesota Infantry on April 1914, he rose through the ranks to 1st Sergeant and saw action on the Mexican border.
Leaving the First Minnesota, General Tychsen was assigned to 8th company First Reserve Officers Training Camp at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, on 25 March 1917 and was commissioned a captain in August of that year. Upon graduation, he was assigned to the 88th Division and served in the upper Alsace sector, near Belfort, as Commanding Officer of Company C, 339th Machine Gun Battalion from July 1918 to July 1919, seeing action at Belfort, Epinal, Verdun and the Meuse.
Shortly after his return to the States in 1919, General Tychsen entered the Regular Army as a captain and served in various school and command posts throughout the United States and Hawaii until World War II. In 1935 he entered the Command and General Staff School, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and upon graduation was assigned to the Sixth Infantry, Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. He was then placed in command of the Organized Reserves at Camden, New Jersey.
Brigadier General, Theodore E. Buechler
Commanding General, Division Artillery
15 November 1942 – October 1943 & August 1945 – November 1945
A native of Grand Island, Nebraska, General Buechler was born 26 October 1893. He entered the military service as a cadet at the United States Military Academy in 1914, and graduated with his war-shortened class in August 1917 as a second lieutenant of field artillery. During WWI, General Buechler served with the 13th Field Artillery Brigade at Fort Lewis, Washington, and subsequently served in the occupation of Germany west of the Rhine in 1919-20.Between the wars, General Buechler served in a wide variety of command, staff, and instructor duties, and upon the United States’ entry into WWII, he was assigned to the War Department’s General Staff. In November, 1942, he assumed command of Division Artillery, and supervised the activation and training of the Division’s artillery battalions in their first crucial 11 months. In October, 1943, he assumed command of XVIII Airborne Corps Artillery, ultimately leading them into combat in the European Theater of Operations in 1944.
On 13 August 1945, General Buechler again assumed command of DIVARTY, taking over from the man to whom he had relinquished command almost two years before, Brigadier General John Murphy. He remained in command until shortly before the Division redeployed to the States, and was succeeded by Lieutenant Colonel Bob Allport, former Commander, 374th Field Artillery.
Brigadier General, John B. Murphy
Commanding General, Division Artillery
October 1943 – August 1945
Born in Macedonia, Iowa, 16 June 1898, General Murphy attended Texas A&M for a year before entering the military service as a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1917. To meet the leadership needs of the burgeoning American Army, this class was graduated in November 1918, but recalled just over a month later. After an additional year at the Academy, the “student officers” of the class of 1918 left West Point for good in June of 1919.Commissioned into the Field Artillery, General Murphy served in various command, staff, and instructor assignments in the continental United States and Hawaii throughout the interwar years. After the United States entered WWII, he commanded a combat command (brigade) of the 7th Armored Division in training before being selected to command Division Artillery of the 100th Infantry Division in October 1943, just before the Division embarked on Tennessee Maneuvers.
General Murphy remained in command of DIVARTY throughout the remainder of the war, relinquishing command 13 August 1945 to serve as the G-1 in Headquarters, European Command.