Family Donations: Discovering More Elizebeth Smith Friedman Photos

William and Elizebeth Smith Friedman were amongst the world’s foremost codebreakers in the 20th century, inventing the science of cryptography. In 1971, Elizebeth accompanied the moving of their library, photos, and private papers to the George C. Marshall Foundation, where their collections remain amongst the most popular in the Foundation archives. In November, Elizebeth Smith […]

“He was an inspiration to us all in those trying days”

The relationship between General George C. Marshall and Field Marshal Sir John G. Dill has been considered one of the most critically important personal relationships to the success of the Allies during World War II. Although Dill was a British Army officer, his ability to disagree with Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s opinions, to talk with […]

National Stamp Collecting Month: George C. Marshall Postage Stamp

Stamps, often considered miniature works of art, have been issued by world postal services since 1840. October is National Stamp Collecting month. It began in 1981 as a joint venture between the United States Postal Service and the Council of Philatelic Organizations. The Postal Service continues to promote National Stamp Collecting Month and stamp collecting […]

#AskAnArchivist Day, October 7th 2020

Next Wednesday, October 7th, is #AskAnArchivist Day. This day-long event sponsored by the Society of American Archivists is an opportunity to ask questions (via Twitter) about any and all things archives and have them answered by archivists. The Marshall Library will be participating in the event, so be sure to send your archives questions to […]

George C. Marshall Space Flight Center Turns 60

During a quiet ceremony in July 1960 that formally transferred a facility from the military to a civilian agency, the United States Army Ballistic Missile Agency began operating as the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center. What caused this transfer and why name it after an Army general if it was no longer a military […]

Young Marshall: Master of the Situation

Several innocent anecdotes Marshall used to tell about his childhood demonstrate his future leadership capabilities. A favorite concerns Marshall’s first “shipping” crisis in about 1888 or so, about the time the U.S. was beginning its great naval expansion.     Young George and Andrew Thompson had convinced a local carpenter to build them a crude […]

Marshall Myth: Marshall and Vacation

The great responsibilities that Marshall had during the war have led some people to conclude that he never took a vacation. While this myth is consistent with Marshall’s tireless work ethic, his appointment books for this period reveal that it has no factual basis. On March 7, 1943, Chief of Staff of the Army George […]

Marshall Begins Duties as Acting Army Chief of Staff

Deputy Chief of Staff George C. Marshall assumed the chief’s duties on July 1, 1939. According to army regulations: “The Chief of Staff is the immediate adviser of the Secretary of War on all matters relating to the Military Establishment and is charged by the Secretary of War with the planning, development, and execution of […]

Marshall and the Knutsford Affair

This is a previously published blog. General George S. Patton’s comments at the opening of a British Welcome Club for American soldiers in Knutsford, England, are one of many well-known and controversial episodes from Patton’s army career. U.S. Army Chief of Staff George C. Marshall’s response to Patton’s comments are less well known. They serve […]

Marshall and the 1918 Influenza Pandemic

Recently we looked into whether George C. Marshall made any statements regarding the 1918 influenza pandemic. Marshall does note divisions being out of commission here due to illness, but does not offer many opinions or feelings on the matter. What most affected Marshall was in 1917, before his journey overseas. While mobilizing troops, General Bell was […]

Marshall and the Manhattan Project

On August 2, 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt to notify him of recent developments in nuclear physics that suggested the element uranium could be turned into a new and important source of energy. Einstein warned that the energy could be used to create extremely powerful bombs that could destroy […]

Daniel Kurtz-Phelan and Marshall’s Mission to China

Last evening, Daniel Kurtz-Phelan, executive editor of Foreign Affairs, spoke about George C. Marshall’s 13-month mission to China, which is the subject of his recently published book The China Mission: George C. Marshall’s Unfinished War, 1945-1947. Kurtz-Phelan kicked off the “Friends” in High Places sequence of the Marshall Legacy Series, by offering new insights into […]

Katherine Marshall and China

In December 1945, Katherine Tupper Marshall accompanied her husband, General George C. Marshall, to the airport for his departure to China. A few weeks earlier, President Harry Truman had asked General Marshall to serve as a special envoy to China to negotiate peace between the country’s Communist and Nationalist parties. Not wanting to face the crowds that had assembled, Mrs. Marshall watched from the car as General Marshall’s luggage was loaded into the plane, […]

Marshall and John Leighton Stuart 

On July 5, 1946, George C. Marshall proposed Dr. John Leighton Stuart to be the United States Ambassador to China. Marshall believed that the great respect that both Communists and Nationalists had for Dr. Stuart would be tremendously helpful during the China Mission’s ongoing negotiations.   In a top-secret message to Dean G. Acheson, Marshall stated, “I am requesting War Department to delay Wedemeyer’s departure […]

Marshall and the Office of War Information

On June 13, 1942 Executive Order 9182 under President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the United States Office of War Information (OWI). The OWI was seen as the connection between the battlefront and civilians back home. Its purpose was to centralize the various information services of the U.S. government. The OWI not only created a single […]

Marshall Plan Films and Italian Cinema

Last night at the Marshall Foundation we heard from Dr. Regina Longo, a professional film and media archivist, presented a unique and insightful lecture about the impact of Marshall Plan films on the Italian movie industry. Using the Marshall Plan film productions in Italy as a case study, Dr. Longo screened a selection of Marshall […]

Marshall and the Apple Blossom Festival

This blog was originally posted on May 5, 2017 In Winchester, Virginia this week, the 90th annual Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival is in full swing. The festival that celebrates the arrival of spring and the pink-and-white apple blossoms started in 1924 as a one-day event and, except for the war years 1942-1945, has been held […]

Marshall and Commissioning into the Army

After almost completing four years at the Virginia Military Institute (VMI), George C. Marshall embarked on his next journey, commissioning into the U.S. Army. The recent expansion of the army had increased the number of vacancies for new lieutenancies, but by the time Marshall was able to take the qualifying exam in September 1901 only 142 […]

Marshall and Henry “Hap” Arnold

  George C. Marshall arrived in Washington on the evening of January 15, 1950, to the news that his longtime friend and colleague, General Henry Harley “Hap” Arnold, had died of a heart attack at his home in Sonoma, California. Marshall immediately sent a telegram to Arnold’s wife, Eleanor, expressing his sympathy and stating, “I […]

The Nobel Peace Prize

On December 10, 1953, General George C. Marshall received the Nobel Peace Prize in a ceremony in Oslo, Norway. Marshall received the award in recognition of his efforts to restore the economies of Western Europe through the Marshall Plan, which had concluded in 1952. Marshall was the first career military officer to receive this high […]


#GivingTuesday is a global day of giving, which is fueled by the power of social media and collaboration. It is celebrated on the Tuesday following Thanksgiving (in the U.S.) and shopping events Black Friday and Cyber Monday. #GivingTuesday kicks off end of the year charitable giving. The George C. Marshall Foundation will once again be […]

V-J Day and the Japanese Surrender

Several years ago the Marshall Foundation hosted a talk by Dr. Frank Settle that examined the role played by General Marshall in the Manhattan Project. Dr. Settle’s talk, as part of the Weapons of War sequence of the Marshall Legacy Series, built upon his book that sheds new light on the Manhattan Project itself but […]