Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
Fort Leavenworth, KS, was established in 1827 and is the oldest community in Kansas and the oldest active Army post west of Washington, D.C.
Fort Leavenworth was a departure point during the westward expansion of the United States. It was the home of the African-American 10th Cavalry Regiment, known as the “Buffalo Soldiers.” The United States Disciplinary Barracks, the only Department of Defense maximum security prison, was opened in 1874. In 1881, William Tecumseh Sherman established the School for Application of Infantry and Cavalry, which became the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College.
All 20th-century five-star generals attended school at Fort Leavenworth: George Marshall (1907), Douglas MacArthur (1912), Dwight Eisenhower (1925), Henry Arnold (1929), and Omar Bradley (1929). Other well-known World War II generals including Mark Clark, James Gavin, George Patton, Matthew Ridgeway, Walter Bedell Smith, and Carl Spaatz also attended.
After spending two years as a student, George Marshall spent two years as an instructor. Other notable faculty and commandants include Walter Krueger, Lucian Truscott, Franklin Bell, Frederick Funston, and Lesley McNair.
To find other items that the Marshall Foundation has on Fort Leavenworth, search “Leavenworth” in the library catalog: https://www.marshallfoundation.org/library/results/
Digitized items in the George C. Marshall archives: