Women's Army Corps
This research subject guide, curated by Foundation librarians, is a collection of primary source material from the Marshall Research Library and Archives.
Complete Archival Collections:
Lelia Cocke Bagbey Papers
The collection records the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps career of Lelia Cocke Bagbey (1916-1983), a native of Roanoke, Virginia. Included are correspondence, a scrapbook, photograph album, clippings, pamphlets, military play script, telegrams, and five WW II posters.
Rebecca L. Brockenbrough Papers
These papers document Rebecca Brockenbrough’s career in the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps. Her letters describe WAAC life in training and as an officer. An extensive photograph collection provides good examples of WAAC uniforms.
Mary E. Clarke Collection
The material concerns the disestablishment ceremony of the Office of the Director, Women’s Army Corps, on April 28, 1978. Also found is material from the dedication of the Women’s Army Corps Museum at Ft. McClellan, Alabama, including news releases and guest lists.
Mary Fourqurean Fry Collection
The collection consists of clippings, photographs, programs, pamphlets, correspondence, and poetry collected by Mary Fourqurean Fry, a member of the first WAAC officer training class in Des Moines, IA. Documented are WAAC and WAC enlistment procedures and Officer Training Program; life at Camp Upton, NY; overseas service at Naples, Italy; and the formation of the WAC Mothers Club.
Oveta Culp Hobby Collection
Oveta Culp Hobby was the first Director of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC). The items in this collection represent her work in this service from 1943 through the 50th anniversary of the Women’s Army Corps in 1992. The collection contains letters, photographs, a poster, newspaper clippings, cards (including one from Mamie Eisenhower), telegrams, a hand-made booklet, and a book on Hobby’s service with the WAAC.
Virginia Lee Collection
Virginia Lee was born in Boston in 1915 and joined the army in 1943 (WAC). She served at Camp Crowder, Missouri, New Guinea, the Philippines, and China (Nanking and Shangai) under General George C. Marshall. She died in 1990 and was buried with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetary. The collection contains a guide to China, a certificate and painting from China, and five photograph albums.
Cecelia B. Martin Collection
Cecilia B. (Jackie) Martin (1904-1969) served in the WAAC and as a war correspondent in WW II. As head of the Photo Branch of the USIS in Paris from 1950-1954, Martin was responsible for the dissemination of photographic material to the U.S. Embassies in Europe. The collection documents the efforts of the Photo Branch to obtain and provide photographic coverage of the U.S. activities in Europe. Included are notebooks prepared by Martin, press releases, plastos and material relating to plastos. Also found are photographs concerning the photographic process and its implementation by the Photo Branch.
Martha Rector McGee Papers
The collection is made up of letters, magazines, and newspaper clippings dealing with Martha Frost Rector’s career as a Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps members, as well as information on WAACs, recruiting advertisements, and wartime material. Rector was a member of the WAAC recruiting staff in the Arkansas district.
Anne Scarborough Philbin Collection
Anne Scarborough Philbin was a journalist for the Baltimore News-Post during World War II. She reported on war-time Baltimore, the Women’s Army Corps, and military campaigns in the European Theatre, particularly the Saar Campaign of 1944. The collection contains articles written by Philbin as well as photographs, personal and journalistic materials from the Cold War, and letters recounting the service of General Tobias R. Philbin in the 95th Division.
Elizabeth C. Strayhorn Collection
Elizabeth Strayhorn was an officer in the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) which later became the Women’s Army Corps (WAC), rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. The collection contains a large scrapbook of photographs and newspaper clippings; letters, memorandums, orders, speeches, lectures, poems, pamphlets, and publications dealing with her service with these organizations from 1941 to 1947.
Susanna P. Turner Collection
Lt. Col. Turner was a member of the first Officers Candidate School for WACs in 1942, and one of ten selected for Command and General Staff School. The collection consists of personal correspondence, mostly to her mother, Mrs. Joseph A. Turner, who lived in Roanoke, Virginia.
The song book contains lyrics for 62 songs relating to the Women’s Army Corps. It contains patriotic songs, songs written especially for the WACS and humorous songs, on all subjects relating to women in the military service.
Margaret Craighill Wotherspoon Collection
The collection contains a copy of Dr. Margaret Craighill Wotherspoon’s 1947 report “History of Psychiatric Aspects of Women Serving in the Army”, delivered before the American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting; newspaper clippings; and greeting cards. Wotherspoon was the first woman admitted to the Women’s Army Corps and first woman doctor ever commissioned as a major in the Armed Medical Corps.