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Draft Joint Statement1
August 9, 1946 [Nanking, China]
General Marshall and Doctor Stuart have been exploring together every possibility for terminating the present growing conflict in China and for initiating the preliminary steps in the development of a truly democratic form of government. The desire for a peaceful solution to the political problems appears practically unanimous on the part of the people. The economic situation demands a prompt solution if a disasterous collapse is to be avoided. The fighting is daily growing more wide spread and threatens to engulf the country and pass beyond the control of those responsible. Both the Government and the Communist leaders are anxious to put an end to the fighting but there are certain issue concerned in the immediate settlements involved regarding which an agreement has not been reached and it appears impossible for the two parties to assent to a settlement of these differences which would permit a general order for the cessation of hostilities. Certain of the unsettled issues relate to the military redispositions of troops, but these apparently present less difficulty of settlement than the fundamental issue as to the character of local or county governments to be maintained in the regions to be evacuated by the Communist troops, pending a decision in such matters by the Constitutional Assembly.
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Department of State (RG 59), Lot Files, Marshall Mission, War Department, Originals, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Handwritten draft.
1. Ambassador Stuart sent Marshall a draft dated August 8, but Marshall rewrote the statement on August 9, which is the version printed here. Stuart subsequently made a few modifications in the last three sentences, and the final draft was released to the press on August 10. Stuart sent a copy to the State Department (see Foreign Relations, 1946, 10: 1) that was received on September 5. For Marshall’s explanation to President Truman as to why they issued the statement, see Marshall to Truman, August 16, 1946, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #5-531 [5: 654-55].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), pp. 648-649.