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Draft Message to Chiang Kai-shek
[December 6, 1943] [Cairo, Egypt]
Secret and personal to Generalissimo from the President and the P.M.
In our conference with Marshal Stalin at Tehran it was agreed to launch a converging assault, land, sea and air, on the enemy’s European stronghold in the late spring of 1944, calculated to drive Germany out of the war, prepared for by continuing operations throughout the winter. The final assault will be launched from the British Isles, from the Mediterranean against Southern France, from Africa and from Turkey if she enters the war against Bulgaria and Rumania, from Italy into Yugoslavia and on the Russian front from several regions. The strategic bombing will be accelerated to the maximum possible degree prior to those operations. As you are already aware operations in the Pacific increase in tempo with each succeeding month.1
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs (RG 165), Records of the Operations Division (OPD), Executive File 5, Item 15, Folder 4, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Typed draft.
1. This message was never sent. Marshall read this message at the Combined Chiefs of Staff meeting on December 6 and again at the C.C.S. meeting with Roosevelt and Churchill that evening. At the latter meeting: “It was agreed that on grounds of security it would be undesirable to put so much secret information into a dispatch of this nature.” Moreover, the conferees wished first to see Chiang’s response to Roosevelt’s December 5 message stating that operations against Germany—which might end the European war “by end of summer of 1944″—made amphibious landings in the Andaman Islands “impracticable.” (Foreign Relations, Conferences at Cairo and Tehran, 1943, pp. 738, 749, 803.)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), p. 197.