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Editorial Summary of an Informal Meeting of the Military Sub-Committee
February 11, 1946, 12:30 P.M. Chungking, China
Marshall began by asking that Chou En-lai and Chang Chih-chung discuss the results of their meetings. The Chinese leaders agreed that both Nationalist and Communist armies would be reorganized, but disagreed on the number of Communist divisions to be retained during the twelve-month initial stage. They agreed with Marshall’s concept of three-division armies reporting directly to the Ministry of War, that there should be no Communist units in South China, that the Communists could keep surrendered Japanese arms pending a settlement, that all “puppet” troops (i.e., Chinese units allied with the Japanese) should be demobilized rather than recruited by either side, that local and irregular forces should not be considered part of the army, and that the reorganized and unified army would need an adequate personnel system.
Marshall said that Chang and Chou needed to agree soon on certain general principles, and they should agree within the next two days on the number of divisions each side would retain during the initial phase. He had arranged for a team of planners to come to Chungking to work with Chinese officials on specific details of the demobilization and integration. Marshall hoped that military integration could begin during the third month after beginning demobilization. Chou En-lai thought this would be difficult to achieve, but he would consult Communist party headquarters in Yenan on the matter. (Foreign Relations, 1946, 9: 211-15.)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 451.