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Meeting with Yu Ta-wei
July 22, 1946 Nanking, China
MARSHALL summarized his July 20 meeting with the Generalissimo in Kuling. He then asked the vice minister of war to describe the present military situation. Events were unfolding as he had expected, Marshall said, but he was surprised that the Communists had not used their strength in Jehol province to attack the vital rail connections between North China and Manchuria. He was more depressed every day, General Yu stated; Communist local commanders appeared to be getting out of hand. He asked Marshal whether he thought the country would have a general civil war, “to which General Marshall replied that it already had.” Marshall also thought it probable that the Soviet Union would openly vie for control of Manchuria while operating “on a sub rosa basis” in the rest of China. Public opinion in the United States, he thought, “would probably be to pull out completely.” (Foreign Relations, 1946, 9: 1395-97.)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 635.