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Memorandum for Admiral King
April 17, 1943 [Washington, D.C.]
Subject: Operational Control of Anti-Submarine Operations in Newfoundland Area.
1. With reference to your memorandum of April 9th regarding the turnover to the Canadians of the control of escort and naval anti-submarine aviation in the Newfoundland area and requesting my concurrence with respect to the Army anti-submarine aviation,1 I wish to make the following comments:
a. To the extent necessary in order to fulfill your agreements arrived at in the anti-submarine conference with the Canadian Government I am prepared to go along with you. However, I wish to state now that I feel that air operations against submarines are not being conducted efficiently and that a complete reorganization of method, particularly as applies to very long range aircraft, is plainly indicated.
b. From my own investigations, those of General Arnold, and as the result of a recent investigation by General McNarney in the Caribbean area, we are all firmly of the opinion that the present procedure is largely ineffective and makes poor use of a valuable instrument.
2. I am having a memorandum prepared presenting my views along the above lines for the consideration of the Joint U.S. Chiefs of Staff.2
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. Admiral Ernest J. King informed General Marshall that he intended to give command of all escorts and naval antisubmarine aviation in the Newfoundland sector to Canadian military authorities on April 30. He reminded Marshall that this measure was being taken in conformity with previous recommendations made by Allied naval representatives from the United States, Great Britain, and Canada, who had met recently under his direction. The conferees had met to consider coordination of Allied efforts in the antisubmarine campaign, and they had agreed to withdraw very long range (VLR) aircraft from other missions for deployment in antisubmarine duties. (King Memorandum for General Marshall, April 9, 1943, and Frank Knox to Secretary of War Stimson, April 5, 1943, NA/RG 107 [SW Safe, 74A].)
2. See Marshall Memorandum for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, April 19,1943, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #3-610 [3: 651-52].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 3, “The Right Man for the Job,” December 7, 1941-May 31, 1943 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991), pp. 648-649.