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Memorandum for Admiral Leahy
July 2, 1945 Washington, D.C.
Harry Hopkins sent me a note in which he stated that he had discussed with President Truman the question of General Eisenhower making a trip to Moscow either just before the Berlin conference or immediately thereafter, and indicated that the President was anxious to have the matter of General Eisenhower’s visit to Moscow and a possible visit by Marshal Zhukov to the United States worked out.1
General Eisenhower’s present plans call for him to return to Europe from the United States, arriving in Germany about July 12. Unless the President desires an earlier return on his part, it appears that General Eisenhower’s visit to Moscow should be made sometime after the meeting of the heads of state is over. General Eisenhower is perfectly willing to go to Moscow for a day and will go whenever the President wishes it, which I understand he does, but I personally do not think his limited rest period here in the States should be shortened by as much as a day for that purpose.
General Eisenhower feels that a visit to the United States by Marshal Zhukov might be very beneficial and suggests that he be invited to come to this country. If Marshal Zhukov is to visit the United States it would probably be advisable that his visit should also take place after completion of the Big Three conference.
If the President approves of such arrangements, I will inform Ambassador Harriman in Moscow along the lines of the attached draft message.2
G. C. Marshall
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum signed.
1. The Battle for Berlin had made Marshal Georgi Zhukov perhaps the most famous Red Army leader in the West.
2. Marshall’s attached draft message to W. Averell Harriman informed the ambassador of the possibility of a visit by Eisenhower to the U.S.S.R. If Stalin extended such an invitation, Harriman was to invite Zhukov to visit the U.S. Admiral Leahy returned Marshall’s memorandum on July 4 with the notation: “The President approves.”
Eisenhower visited Moscow August 11 to 14 and Leningrad August 15, 1945; see Papers of DDE, 6: 260-61. Concerning Marshal Zhukov’s proposed visit, see Marshall to O’Daniel, August 8, 1945, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #5-185 [5: 258-59].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), pp. 235-236.