4-056 Memorandum for Colonel Grogan, July 19, 1943

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: July 19, 1943

Subject: World War II

Memorandum for Colonel Grogan1

July 19, 1943 [Washington, D.C.]

This release lacks in certain respects.2  I think it is quite important to bring out the fact that General Middleton was promoted twice on the same battlefield.  First from major to lieutenant colonel for taking a particular woods, I believe the Bois des Ogons, and then from lieutenant colonel to Colonel for taking another woods, the Bois de Forêt, following in each case a number of previous unsuccessful attempts accompanied by very heavy losses.  Following his last promotion he became the youngest regimental commander of a so-called Regular Army unit.3

The First Division account omits any reference to El Guettar and the repulse of 100 tanks with no outside assistance.

Regarding General Truscott I think reference should be made to the fact that he was on the staff of Mountbatten and personally participated in the Dieppe raid with the Canadians.4


Document Copy Text Source:  George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.

Document Format:  Typed memorandum.

1. Stanley J. Grogan was a member of the Bureau of Public Relations.

2. The press release issued by Allied Force Headquarters in Algiers praised the United States Seventh Army’s First, Third, Forty-fifth, Eighty-second Airborne, and Second Armored divisions and gave some background information on their commanding generals. (New York Times, July 18, 1943, p. 3.)

3. On October 14, 1918, two days after his twenty-ninth birthday, Troy Middleton was promoted to colonel; he commanded the Fourth Division’s Forty-seventh Infantry Brigade.

4. Lucian K. Truscott, Jr., had been an observer at the Dieppe raid on August 19, 1942.  Promoted to major general in November 1942, he had commanded the Third Infantry Division since March 1943.

Recommended Citation:  The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens  (Lexington, Va.:  The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981– ).  Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943–December 31, 1944  (Baltimore and London:  The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), p. 66.


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Holding ID: 4-056

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