2-215 Memorandum for General Green, July 5, 1940

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: July 5, 1940

Memorandum for General Green1

July 5, 1940 [Washington, D.C.]

I have noticed Major Phillips’ comments on antiaircraft defense. Whatever the soundness of his ideas may be, he makes a good presentation of his point of view.

Whenever I find these fellows who seem to have ability and a certain amount of disagreement with what we are doing, I am always interested in seeing them, and getting first hand impressions. What do you think of bringing him here, either temporarily or permanently?2

Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, General Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.

Document Format: Typed memorandum.

1. Major General Joseph A. Green (U.S.M.A., 1906) had been chief of the Coast Artillery Corps since April 1, 1940.

2. Thomas R. Phillips, Coast Artillery Corps, had been promoted to lieutenant colonel on July 1. He had recently completed an assignment as instructor at the Command and General Staff School and was scheduled to go to the headquarters of the Puerto Rican Department. Marshall’s interest in him might have been stimulated by Phillips’s “Defense Against Night Bombing,” Army Ordnance 21 (July-August 1940): 24-28. There he argued that daylight bombing of the enemy’s interior was becoming too dangerous to be risked, but defense against night attacks was difficult. He suggested that spending great amounts of money and manpower on pursuit planes for night defense was probably ineffective and recommended that the United States undertake experiments to solve the problem of night interception, giving consideration to increased use of antiaircraft artillery and barrage balloon defenses. Phillips did not receive an assignment to the War Department.

Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland, Sharon Ritenour Stevens, and Clarence E. Wunderlin, Jr. (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 2, “We Cannot Delay,” July 1, 1939-December 6, 1941 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986), p. 261.

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