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Memorandum for General Haislip
August 1, 1941 [Washington, D.C.]
Relative to the conversation of this morning with General Danford and the Commanders of the Field Artillery Training Centers,1 and the proposal to authorize them to select members of their own commands of less than six months’ service for consideration as candidates for the Officers Candidate Schools:
I am convinced that something of this sort must be done immediately. I am practically of the opinion that orders should go out within a very few days to this general effect:
A certain allotment, and not a minute one, to each Training Center which gives the commander of that center the authority to nominate for the Officers Candidate Schools men of over four months’ service.
I believe this offers a really practicable means of selecting the cream of intellectual and leadership vigor that Grenville Clark and his people put forward.2 I believe this procedure will offset the inevitable older man’s reaction, which certainly would to a serious extent dominate proposals from National Guard Divisions. I believe this procedure is almost vital to the morale problem we are going to have on our hands this fall and winter.3
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. Major General Robert M. Danford had been chief of Field Artillery since March 1938.
2. Clark was one of the founders and leaders of the Military Training Camps Association. Concerning Marshall’s views on officer training, see editorial note #2-458, Papers of George Catlett Marshall [2: 511-12].
3. Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, Brigadier General Wade H. Haislip, along with G-3 concurrence, opposed allotment quotas for replacement training centers as well as reducing the six months’ service requirement. (Haislip Memorandum for the Chief of Staff, August 2, 1941, NA/RG 165 [G-1, 14679-42].) Marshall persevered and his recommendations became effective in February 1942.(Mark S. Watson, Chief of Staff: Prewar Plans and Preparations, a volume in the United States Army in World War II [Washington: GPO, 1950], pp. 271-72; Robert R. Palmer, Bell I. Wiley, and William R. Keast, The Procurement and Training of Ground Combat Troops, a volume in the United States Army in World War II [Washington: GPO, 1948], p. 95; War Department Circular 48, February 19, 1942.)
Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland, Sharon Ritenour Stevens, and Clarence E. Wunderlin, Jr. (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 2, “We Cannot Delay,” July 1, 1939-December 6, 1941 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986), pp. 580-581.