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Memorandum for General Hull
April 3, 1945 [Washington, D.C.]
Admiral Leahy OK’d the proposed Pacific directive, which formally accepts it. He telegraphed the general sense of the directive to the President and stated that it was contemplated that MacArthur and Nimitz would be the two leaders. The President replied, approving this.
I am returning your statement regarding Ningpo-Chusan.1 Admiral King desires that a memorandum be prepared stating the various views regarding what he called “siege” operations against Japan, an actual invasion of Japan, and a combination of siege or encircling operations preceding invasion.
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. Hull submitted O.P.D.’s estimate (accompanied with a marked map) of the navy’s Ningpo-Chusan encircling operation plan versus the army’s plan to strike directly at the heart of Japan. “One of the basic points in this `round the Yellow Sea’ idea vs. that of striking at once at Japan’s heart is the comparative cost. The Ryukyus operation, if carried through Miyako and Kikai, will involve about 450,000 troops in the type of island operations which have to date cost so high in American lives. We can choose as the next step Kyushu, where the battleground is more like those on which we have achieved victories with minimum losses. . . . Kyushu accomplishes much more effectively than Chusan the object of cutting off Japanese movement, if any, from the mainland, which appears to be the Navy’s main point.” Chusan was considered “only the first step toward committing large resources to bloody, indecisive operations.” Hull concluded, “we should for the present concentrate on going directly into Japan after the Ryukyus.” (Hull Memorandum for the Chief of Staff, March 28, 1945, NA/RG 165 [OPD, 381 TS].)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 116.