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Memorandum for General Lewis,
District of Washington
March 23, 1944 [Washington, D.C.]
I had luncheon with Mr. Morgenthau1 today at which we had a long discussion over manpower. Just as I left I brought up the question of the Palace Guard, the Engineers out at Myer, the Anti-Aircraft around Washington. Mr. Morgenthau said that he would like very much to have older men and wounded men from overseas, etc., assigned to that unit. I told him that was the policy, and he replied that he had seen no evidence of it. Please inform me regarding this.
Mr. Morgenthau would like to see you, so please call him up and arrange an appointment. He indicated a willingness to cooperate with me to reduce the number of men around Washington. I told him of criticism leveled at me for having so many soldiers in Washington. I think you may be able to effect material reductions and I wish you to do it if you possibly can, because in this present manpower fight every visible soldier is used against me and the soldiers in conspicuous positions around town are constantly referred to by manufacturers, politicians and government administrators who are opposed to requirements now being imposed by the Army.2
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. Henry Morgenthau, Jr., was secretary of the treasury.
2. Major General John T. Lewis, commanding general of the Military District of Washington, D.C., replied on May 15 that the White House guard detachment had been cut in half and all guards had been removed from the Capitol. The Engineer Company (colored) assigned to the White House was undergoing training for reassignment elsewhere. The antiaircraft troops had been reduced by over one-half, and the Operations Division was considering the status of the remaining group. (Lewis Memorandum for the Chief of Staff, May 15, 1944, NA/RG 165 [OCS, 320.21.)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), p. 365.