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Memorandum for General Pershing1
April 12, 1945 Washington, D.C.
My dear General:
Inclosed is a map of the Philippine Archipelago indicating the portions occupied by U.S. troops, and that which the guerrillas have gained control of—the remaining portion being still under Japanese domination. There is also indicated in red figures the reported strength of the Japanese in the various areas and in white the numerals of the U.S. Divisions.
As to the last-named, the U.S. Divisions, the rule of thumb is now to calculate a total of 38,000 combat troops for each division and about 46,000 combat and service troops for each division, the figures including divisional strength in each case. Our infantry divisions number about 14,000, the armored divisions 10,000 and the airborne divisions 11,000. There is no armored division in the Philippines but there is a headquarters and a considerable number of tank units in addition to the armored vehicles with the First Cavalry Division and the armored vehicles with corps reconnaissance outfits.
The total of Japanese troops can be reduced by at least 30% to allow for wounded and sick. Another sizeable operation is soon to be launched.
There are also inclosed two air photographs of the damaged portions of Manila.2
G. C. Marshall
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum signed.
1. General John J. Pershing was residing at Walter Reed General Hospital.
2. Colonel Frank McCarthy notified Colonel James R. Hudnall at Walter Reed General Hospital: “The attached envelope is for delivery to General Pershing. It contains secret information. I do not think it would be appropriate for me to ask for return of the map contained in the envelope, but it is suggested that, when the map seems to have served its purpose, you or Major Gilbert might suggest the advisability of returning it to the War Department. Please keep this matter entirely confidential.” (McCarthy Memorandum for Colonel J. R. Hudnall, April 12, 1945, GCMRL/G. C. Marshall Papers [Pentagon Office, Selected].) The map of the Philippine Islands and the two photographs of Manila were returned to G-2 by April 17; the attachments are not in the Marshall Papers.
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 137.