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Memorandum for General Surles
February 10, 1944 [Washington, D.C.]
Subject: New York Times Magazine
I saw Arthur Krock as you requested. He handed me the attached communication from Arthur Sulzberger to him which is self-explanatory.1 Mr. Krock discussed the various considerations involved.
I told him that we were endeavoring to find a workable solution, that as he had already admitted, the affair was vastly complicated and that in my opinion it was reaching the point where our action might be reduced to the tragic absurdity of permitting no magazines to go to the troops because of the general insistence on the part of the various publishers which would mean “all or nothing.”
I told Mr. Krock that my concern was solely in seeing that the soldier received the reading matter he craved so far as it was practicable for us to transport and deliver it, that the maintenance of morale demanded this and that all other considerations were secondary. I told him that we were struggling with this seemingly insoluble problem in an effort to find an acceptable solution.
Krock had this proposal to make, which, as a matter of fact, had flitted through my mind before—though I didn’t mention this to him, that we proceed on a basis of alternating deliveries in the various theaters. For example, that certain magazines go one month to this theater, the next month to another theater, and the next month to another theater. Whether or not he had in mind that the newspaper magazine supplement only be treated in this way or was referring to all magazines, I do not know.
After you have looked over Sulzberger’s letter and thought further in the matter, come in and talk this over with me.2
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. General Marshall had met with Arthur Krock, a New York Times Washington correspondent, to discuss Arthur H. Sulzberger’s concern about discrimination against the New York Times in favor of Newsweek and Time in the European Theater of Operations. Sulzberger was president and publisher of the New York Times; his letter is not in the Marshall papers. Colonel Stanley J. Grogan, acting director at the Bureau of Public Relations, informed Marshall that the commanding general of the European Theater of Operations had sent a message that authorization for publication of any commercial American newspaper or magazine would be granted to no one except on specific instructions from the War Department. Pony editions of Newsweek and Time magazines printed in the United States were purchased by Library Service and the Army Exchange Service for shipment and distribution abroad; however, this was unrelated to the question of printing overseas editions abroad. (Grogan Memorandum for the Chief of Staff, February 4, 1944, NA/RG 165 [OCS, 095K].)
2. For another issue that Marshall discussed with Arthur Krock, see Marshall to Krock, February 17, 1944, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #4-260 [4: 308].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 289-290.