5-539a Memorandum for General Yu Ta-wei, August 23, 1946

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: August 23, 1946

Subject: China

Memorandum for General Yu Ta-wei

August 23, 1946 Nanking, China

OSE 395


Dear General Yu:

At your request I have had an investigation made of the report you gave me from Mr. Altenburg1 alleging improper interrogation of him at Peiping by a member of the Strategic Services Unit. I find that the investigator, Mr. Marvin Gray, was not a member of the Office of Strategic Services. Gray formerly was a member of OSS but has been discharged from Army service and for the past six months has been a civilian investigator for the Judge Advocate in charge of the War Crimes Office of the China Service Command. He has been investigating, with the cooperation of Chinese military authorities, in Shanghai, Canton and Peiping, the post-surrender military activities of certain members of the German communities in those cities. This investigation has clearly disclosed serious violations of the German surrender by at least twenty-three German officials, agents and army personnel. The choice of the former OSS compound at Peiping as the place of investigation was unfortunate, but I am informed that it was the most convenient at the time because its location was known to Mr. Altenburg.1

It was this investigation that Mr. Gray was completing when talking to Altenburg, after getting confessions of surrender violations from a number of people under his control. Previously, an investigation in Peiping had failed to disclose these violations of the laws of war, due to failure of certain Germans to cooperate.

In brief, the investigation was being pursued by a representative of the War Crimes Office, which has been charged to work cooperatively with the Chinese war crimes authorities to the end that both of our nations mete out justice to those who have violated the laws of war. I am also informed that there are definite evidences of guilt or criminal conduct to be charged against Mr. Altenburg in the form of carrying on military activity against the United States in violation of the German surrender terms.2


Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Department of State (RG 59), Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Political Affairs, OS Letters, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Document Format: Typed memorandum.


1. Felix Altenburg had been German charg

Digital Downloads




Holding Rights: Public Information
Holding ID: 5-539a

Rights: Public Information