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Memorandum for Mr. Harry Hopkins
January 6, 1943 [Washington, D.C.]
Subject: President’s Address to Congress1
1. The statistics included in the message, because of their evident accuracy, will give valuable information to the enemy on matters regarding which we are compelled to speculate as to his numbers. However, I think there is more to be gained by the use of the statistics than we hazard in releasing the information.2
2. Another point: it seems to me that the President should make pointed reference to the highly satisfying fact that at last American and French are again fighting side by side and shedding their blood in the same cause.3
3. On page 8 there is a reference to ten different fronts. I do not know just how this number was arrived at.4
4. First sentence on page 7 might include the clause “very limited communications.”5
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. President Roosevelt had Hopkins send Marshall a draft of his State of the Union address “for whatever criticism you care to make.” (Hopkins to Marshall, January 5, 1943, GCMRL/G. C. Marshall Papers [Pentagon Office, Selected].) The speech, delivered on January 7, is printed in The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1943 volume, ed. Samuel I. Rosenman (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1950), pp. 21-34.
2. The president cited 1942 production statistics on aircraft, combat vehicles, machine guns, antitank guns, and ammunition, concluding: “I think the arsenal of democracy is making good.” (Ibid., p. 27.)
3. One paragraph of the president’s speech stated: “As a result of the Allied occupation of North Africa, powerful units of the French Army and Navy are going into action. They are in action with the United Nations forces. We welcome them as allies and as friends. They join with those Frenchmen who, since the dark days of June, 1940, have been fighting valiantly for the liberation of their stricken country.” (Ibid., p. 25.)
4. The president changed this reference to: “Day in and day out our forces are bombing the enemy and meeting him in combat on many different fronts in every part of the world.” (Ibid., p. 24.)
5. Marshall’s suggestion was included as: “Great rains and appalling mud and very limited communications have delayed the final battles of Tunisia.” (Ibid.)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 3, “The Right Man for the Job,” December 7, 1941-May 31, 1943 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991), p. 505.