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Memorandum for the President
April 12, 1943 [Washington, D.C.]
Subject: The Generalissimo’s request for Chennault
to report to Washington.
The attached message from the Generalissimo creates an embarrassing situation.1 To call in Chennault and ignore Stilwell, which is the probable purpose of the Generalissimo’s proposal, would create such a definite division of authority in the China Theater as to necessitate Stilwell’s relief and Chennault’s appointment to command of ground and air, which so far as I am concerned would be a grave mistake.
As a matter of fact we were in process of arranging for Stilwell to come to Washington to talk over the ANAKIM situation. Field Marshal Wavell, Air Marshal Peirse, and Admiral Somerville from India, have been summoned to London in regard to ANAKIM.2 General Handy, Chief of Operations in the War Department, is now in Africa with the Chief of Staff of the Army Air Forces, with the final destination of Chungking. He has instructions to take up with Stilwell the question of his, Stilwell’s, return to Washington with Handy; his absence from the Theater occurring during the early weeks of the monsoon season.
Under the circumstances I therefore suggest that the request of the Generalissimo be met by including Stilwell and Bissell in the party for a conference here. This would parallel the military Pacific conference just completed, and the conference about to occur in London on the special subject of ANAKIM. A draft for such a message is attached.
Since dictating the above your memorandum of today has been received.3
PROPOSED MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT TO THE GENERALISSIMO
Your suggestion that Chennault be summoned to Washington fits in with plans already afoot to bring Stilwell, Bissell and Chennault here at about the commencement of the monsoon season, for a conference regarding the necessary coordination of all our efforts, particularly as regards ANAKIM. General Handy, Chief of U.S. Army Operations with General Stratemeyer Chief of Staff of the Army Air Forces are now in Africa under orders to proceed to Chungking before turning homeward. They are instructed to determine the practicability of calling in Stilwell, Chennault and Bissell as indicated. The leading British officials in India, Army, Air, and Naval, have been summoned to London for a similar conference.
Therefore I am directing General Marshall to proceed with arrangements for the conference in Washington at a suitable date in the near future.4
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. On April 10 Chiang Kai-shek had urged Roosevelt to summon Chennault to Washington for discussions. (See Marshall to Stilwell, April 11, 1943, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #3-598 [3: 638].)
2. The British commanders in the Indian theater included Field Marshal Sir Archibald Wavell, commander in chief, India; Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Peirse, air officer commanding in chief, Air Forces in India; and Admiral Sir James Somerville, commander in chief, Eastern Fleet. For further information, see note 3, Marshall Memorandum for Mr. Harry Hopkins, April 30, 1943, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #3-633 [3: 671-72].
3. The president sent the following note: “Use your discretion about ordering General Chennault to come to Washington. I am entirely agreeable if he gets here any time after April 29th. F.D.R.” (Roosevelt Memorandum for General Marshall, April 12, 1943, NA/RG 165 [OCS, 381 China].)
4. Roosevelt sent the above radio to the generalissimo, but he deleted the name of Major General Clayton L. Bissell, commanding general of the Tenth Air Force. (Roosevelt to Stilwell for Chiang Kai-shek, Radio No. 2500, April 14, 1943, Sunderland and Romanus, Stilwell’s Personal File, 2: 656.) See Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #3-602 [3: 642-43].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 3, “The Right Man for the Job,” December 7, 1941-May 31, 1943 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991), pp. 641-642.