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Memorandum for the President
June 21, 1943 [Washington, D.C.]
Subject: Message from Ambassador Winant regarding General Revers.1
I received your note of June 18th with Ambassador Winant’s radio attached stating that,
“It would greatly help General Devers’ standing here if our Chiefs of Staff made known to the British Staff that we wanted him to be informed on total global strategy rather than having his information limited to plans in the European Theater only.”
I took the liberty of communicating directly with Ambassador Winant in order to get a more exact idea of his views. General Devers had already been furnished copies of TRIDENT so that he was familiar with global strategy. I asked Mr. Winant if what he had in mind was General Devers being placed in the position of discussing with the British Chiefs of Staff details of operations in other theaters than the European theater; that if that was his thought I did not think it a good practice.2
The main point was that General Devers had been made aware of global strategy.
I am very glad that Mr. Winant is so interested in building up Devers’ prestige, because this is a matter of great importance to us as it was in the case of Eisenhower and Smith and later of Frank Andrews.3
I had previously requested the British Chiefs of Staff to call in General Devers in relation to all matters of the Combined Chiefs of Staff that relate to his theater and they have promised me to do so.
I can only suggest now that in some message of yours to the Prime Minister you express the hope that he has met General Devers and that he will give him the same fine support he gave General Eisenhower and General Andrews.4
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. John G. Winant had been appointed United States ambassador to the United Kingdom on February 11, 1941.
2. Marshall had received a copy of Winant’s message and had replied directly to the ambassador. (Winant to the President, Unnumbered, June 14, 1943, and Marshall to Winant, [Radio No. R-9602], June 14, 1943, GCMRL/G. C. Marshall Papers [Pentagon Office, Selected].)
3. Lieutenant General Frank M. Andrews had been commanding general of the army’s European Theater of Operations from February 9, 194.3, until his death in an air crash on May 3.
4. On June 28 Roosevelt told Churchill: “If you have not already met him I hope you will see General Devers. I know he will give the fine same support to you as did General Eisenhower and General Andrews.” Three days later Marshall told Winant: “The President requested Prime to see Devers personally and Prime later replied that he had already done so and was much impressed. I am taking measures to assist in his relationship with British Chiefs of Staff. Your interest in all of this is genuinely appreciated by me as well as your consistent attitude of great helpfulness toward our military effort and procedure.” (Churchill and Roosevelt: The Complete Correspondence, 2:281; Marshall to Winant, [Radio No. R-156], July 1, 1943, GCMRL/G C. Marshall Papers [Pentagon Office, Selected].)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 22-23.