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Memorandum for the President
June 28, 1943 [Washington, D.C.]
Subject: U.S. troops in Detroit.1
Pursuant to your instructions, the 9th Infantry will be retained in Detroit until July 6th. If all continues calm your approval will be requested for its removal at that time. Information from the Governor of Michigan, in a telephone conversation with General Somervell, is to the effect that the remaining M.P. Battalions and the garrison at Selfridge Field should be able to take care of the situation at once. As a matter of precaution, however, it is proposed that the 9th Infantry will be retained as above indicated.
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed memorandum.
1. On June 21 the racially tense and overcrowded city of Detroit witnessed a bloody race riot. Twenty-five blacks and nine whites were killed, six hundred people were injured, and several manufacturing plants ceased or curtailed production until U.S. Army troops arrived to restore order. (Fairchild and Grossman, The Army and Industrial Manpower, pp. 161; New York Times, June 22, 1943, pp. 1, 7-8, and June 27, 1943, sec. 1, p. 13.) Although the primary riot was over in twenty-four hours, tensions and minor outbreaks of violence continued for several weeks.
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), p. 37.