4-299 Memorandum for the Secretary of War, March 17, 1944

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: March 17, 1944

Subject: World War II

Memorandum for the Secretary of War

March 17, 1944 [Washington, D.C.]

I understood that at one of the manpower discussions the issue was brought up that we had 3 million men in the Army in this country and we should make up our deficiencies there. Of course you and I know that these people are all busy, but I have hurriedly tried to gather something of what is being done by the people in this country and I am listing it below for your information in the event that this phase of the matter is brought up in the Cabinet Meeting.

An exact tabulation is being prepared for me but it is not ready now.

Air Forces in United States:

237,000fliers and crewmen being trained

283,000officers and men training these fliers and crewmen and keeping house for them

194,000in ground maintenance men, in training

98,000instructors, assistants, and house-keepers training these men

350,000in organized Air Force—squadrons, groups, ground crews, etc., training as complete units preparatory to being moved overseas. 60% of these will go and 40% will be held back as instructors for the succeeding increments.

63,000air service command for the maintenance of the various air installations in this country

37,000men in troop carrier command<, meaning air transports employed in tactical groups for transporting soldiers and their munitions and transport.>1

188,000in general overhead throughout the United States

<Add in the Army Air Transport Service.>



Ground Forces:

350,000Replacement Training Centers as individuals

75,000trainers for the foregoing men

1 million men in 50 divisions with supporting troops which is steadily being reduced by shipment overseas

<Service of Supply (ASF)>

350,000Army Service Command overhead. <Operating all base ports on east and west Coast ( men), Cantonments or posts, depots for supplies, training establishments for or developing special units—Engineers, Signal, Quarters, Ordnance, Medical, etc). . . .>

The Air Transport Service is not included above and some other minor units are not involved. The point is, all of these people are working at a tremendous pace, training and shipping, running the base ports, etc.2

Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.

Document Format: Typed memorandum.

1. After General Marshall sent this memorandum to Secretary Stimson, the chief of staff added handwritten notes to the carbon file copy, which is the source copy printed here. Marshall’s handwritten additions are printed within <> brackets.

2. For more information regarding manpower, see the previous document and Marshall Memorandum for Justice Byrnes, March 23, 1944, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #4-298 [4: 351-52] and #4-310 [4: 362-65].

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 352-353.

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Holding ID: 4-299

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