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Memorandum to the Adjutant1
October 25, 1924 [Tientsin, China]
1 corporal and 5 men will be sent to East Tientsin station to report to Mr. Ritchie, Ry. transportation superintendent, at 5 P.M. today. An officer will be sent by us to the station to see that the corporal locates Mr. Ritchie and understands Mr. R’s instructions.
These men are to guard some coaches which are being collected to transport 250 marines to Pekin Monday morning. They are to prevent the coaches designated by Mr. R., from being diverted to some other use. They will not shoot except in self defense.
Prepare a concise statement of instructions for the use of the corporal.
The International train will not go out Sunday, but is expected to go out Monday.2
Lt. Depass’ instructions will come over from Hqs. A.F.C. about 2 P.M. See that he gets his copy and also a copy of the instructions for the officer in charge of the International train.3
G. C. M.
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Adjutant General’s Office 1917- (RG 407), 371.2, China, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Handwritten memorandum signed.
1. Captain William B. Tuttle.
2. The 1901 Protocol granted the foreign nations the right to insure free access from the capital to the sea by rail in the event that railroad officials were unable to maintain it. To accomplish this, after October 14, the Allied or International Train was created to travel between Peking and Shanhaikwan, guarded by detachments of twelve men and one officer from each of the four garrisons. According to an essay on this particular trip (October 28 to November 4) in the 15th Infantry Annual, 1924-25 (Tientsin: Tientsin Press, 1925), this train ”had the opportunity of witnessing more of the civil war than any of the others that made the run, passing through the lines at a time when history was being made over night.” (p. 135.)
3. First Lieutenant Morris B. DePass, Jr., Company I.
Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 1, “The Soldierly Spirit,” December 1880-June 1939 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981), p. 268.