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Report to the Military Governor
September 14, 1902 Mangarin, Mindoro
I have the honor to make the following report in regard to the civil prisoners in confinement at this post. On the night of Sept. 6th, one native prisoner Alamacio Nagalay escaped during a heavy storm taking advantage of the noise by climbing through a hole in the floor.1 I am of the opinion that no one was responsible due to any neglect. A combination of circumstances rendered this man’s escape possible. I am trying to locate his hiding place in the mountains now, and am going on a search for him in a few days; as soon as the U.S.A.T. Isla de Negros comes in.2 On the morning of Sept. 10th I left this post in a sailing banco accompanied by seven soldiers and one native prisoner Placido Carpio who acted as guide. I arrived about ten miles north of Bulalacao that evening and camped for the night. The next morning before daylight I took five men and the guide and struck back in the mountains. I was acting on information given me by the guide of some ladrons3 who he said lived in the vicinity. One of these men, he said, was the head or chief ladron of this Island. At noon we reached this rendevous and found it had been deserted some time. From there we marched in a northeasterly direction and near the coast found a house where our guide claimed a ladron lived named Judas Bartos. We succeeded in capturing this man; the only evidence against him is that of our guide. The Presidente of Bulalacao says that Judas Bartos is a good man, but I am not so certain that the Presidente always means what he says. I request that I be instructed whether to liberate this man or not. On the day of Sept. 8th the Presidente of Mangarin turned over to me a manyan, one Paulinos Calaguip accused of the murder of one man and his two children. One native Nicholas Tiris, accused of theft in Calapan, is also in confinement here.
G. C. Marshall, Jr.
Document Copy Source Text: Records of United States Army Overseas Operations and Commands, 1898-1942 (RG 395), Mangarin, Letterbook, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Typed letter signed.
1. The Guard House at Mangarin, like nearly all the buildings on the post, was a “nipa shack,” a wood and bamboo framework covered with nipa palm thatch and having a springy, split-bamboo floor. The whole hut was built atop heavy log pilings to keep it off the ground.
2. The U.S. Army Transport Isla de Negros provided the inter-island passenger and supply service to the scattered garrisons. Marshall retained vivid memories of his first trip on the ship going to Calapan in May, 1902. It had a Spanish captain, a Spanish first mate, and a Filipino crew. “The boat was very greasy and dirty. The food was particularly greasy, it seemed to be bathed in it, and The major domo was a one-eyed performer who won my antagonism immediately." Marshall and another new lieutenant were forced to take the wheel during a typhoon to prevent the ship’s wrecking. (Marshall Interviews, p. 122.)
3. Ladron meant “outlaw” or “thief” in Spanish.
Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 1, “The Soldierly Spirit,” December 1880-June 1939 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981), p. 26.