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To Colonel Charles C. Haffner
January 4, 1940 [Washington, D.C.]
I received the Christmas copy of “Vanished Arizona”, and was delighted to have it.
Thanks for your letter with reference to some of my suggestions as to materiel. As a matter of fact, I read “Vanished Arizona” in 1906; a copy was given me by the Commanding General of the Pennsylvania National Guard, as a wonderful Army story.1
Mrs. Summerhayes I saw at David’s Island, Fort Slocum, New York, when I reported there enroute to the Philippines in 1902.
I had your copy of “The Cannoneer” with reference to the fall training, and also your letter on the subject of extra training. This last question is one for which the answer varies with the international situation. Public opinion in early September was quite different from public opinion today, and that of today will probably be completely altered in March if heavy land fighting develops in Europe.2
It is essential for us to have the new men, both the increase and the replacements following the summer camps, whipped into a fairly practical shape as quickly as possible. Then if mobilization should become necessary, the next step could be made with reasonable smoothness and not be the stumbling performance that has occurred in the past.
Then, there is another point which I mention very confidentially. There is no question but that if the Guard had been ignored in the special military program in early September, there would have been a heavy reaction against the attitude of the War Department.
I have been exceedingly busy but have managed to ride in the late afternoon, usually in the dusk, every day—and Sunday mornings; also I did get away for a flying trip of inspection in the Southeast, and probably will be off again in a few days for the West Coast to see the big joint Army-Navy maneuver and divisional landing affair out there, as well as inspecting some troops in Texas.
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed letter.
1. Martha Summerhayes wrote Vanished Arizona: Recollections of My Army Life (Philadelphia: J. S. Lippincott company, 1908). Marshall was an instructor with the Pennsylvania National Guard during the summers of 1907, 1908, and 1909. Haffner’s Chicago publishing firm, R. R. Donnelley and sons, annually reprinted an out-of-print book of historical interest. For several years, Haffner had been sending Marshall a copy of these volumes.
2. Marshall presented his views on the extension of National Guard training to the House Appropriations committee on February 23, 1940. (See the editorial note #2-129, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, [2: 163-4].)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland, Sharon Ritenour Stevens, and Clarence E. Wunderlin, Jr.(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 2, “We Cannot Delay,” July 1, 1939-December 6, 1941 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986), pp. 134-135.