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To General Douglas MacArthur
October 27, 1943 Radio No. 9674 Washington D.C.
Personal to MacArthur from Marshall.1
I have been informed by the Navy Department that it is their intention to replace Vice Admiral Carpender with Vice Admiral Kinkaid, but orders have not yet been issued. The release to press occurred at Secretary Knox’s press conference where Kinkaid was called on to talk on Aleutian operations.2 Reference your C-7086 October 27.3 I hope this change will meet your approval. Sutherland told me you preferred a change, but he mentioned Freeman.4
Kinkaid has performed outstanding service against the Japs as Naval Commander in the North Pacific. His relations have been particularly efficient and happy with Army commanders, and he had the admiration of both services in that theater. I think you will find him energetic, loyal and filled with desires to get ahead with your operations. I think he is the best Naval bet for your purpose.5
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs (RG 165), Records of the Operations Division (OPD), Top Secret Message File CM-OUT-12021, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Typed radio message.
1. The initial version of this document was written in the Operations Division, but Marshall extensively revised the draft to add more explanation. For example, he added the final sentence in the first paragraph and the last two sentences in the second paragraph.
2. Arthur S. Carpender commanded Allied naval forces in the Southwest Pacific Area. Thomas C. Kinkaid (U.S.N.A., 1908), who had commanded the naval forces in the North Pacific between January and October 1943, replaced Carpender in November.
3. MacArthur had written to complain that while the Australian press was carrying the news of Kinkaid’s assignment, he had no official information on the change. “Since the Commander of Allied Naval Forces exercises his command not only by order of the United States Navy but also with the concurrence of the Australian Government whose Naval forces are involved, such unilateral action on the part of the United States would be certain to create serious resentment on the part of the Prime Minister and the government of Australia giving rise to a most embarrassing situation in this command.” (MacArthur to Marshall, Radio No. C-7086, October 27, 1943, NA/RG 165 [OPD, 384, Case 11].)
4. Major General Richard K. Sutherland was MacArthur’s chief of staff. Vice Admiral Charles S. Freeman (U.S.N.A., 1900), former commander of the Northwest Sea Frontier, had retired on December 1, 1942.
5. Admiral King sent Marshall a memorandum containing a message to MacArthur expressing regret for the premature release of information concerning the proposed change of command and asking if Kinkaid was satisfactory to MacArthur, and, if so, requesting that MacArthur inquire of the Australian government regarding Kinkaid’s suitability. (King Memorandum for General Marshall, October 28, 1943, ibid.)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 169-170.