4-369 To General Dwight D. Eisenhower, April 24, 1944

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: April 24, 1944

Subject: World War II

To General Dwight D. Eisenhower

April 24, 1944 Radio No. WAR-27196 Washington, D.C.


For Eisenhower’s eyes only from Marshall.

The State Department has been advised by Murphy that General Giraud has expressed hope that:

(1) He be detailed by the Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean Theater, to proceed to Italy where he could be available for consultation as technical adviser, or

(2) He be detailed to London in a similar capacity, or

(3) He be invited to Washington where he might be useful as a technical adviser to the Combined Chiefs of Staff.

The State Department has indicated to the President that if General Giraud decides to leave North Africa, it is the Department’s view that it would be best for him to go to England.

The President has asked me for recommendation as to the advisability of assigning General Giraud to duty on your staff in an advisory capacity.1

I have told the President that General Giraud’s presence in England in this capacity might create difficult or embarrassing situations during the coming operations. However, I informed the President that I was asking for your comments which I would forward on receipt.

I do not want to have General Giraud imposed on you if this might embarrass you in any way.2

Document Copy Text Source: Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs (RG 165), Records of the Operations Division (OPD), Top Secret Message File CM-OUT-27196, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. See the previous document (Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #4-368 [4: 433].

2. General Eisenhower replied on April 26 that assigning General Henri Giraud to his staff in an advisory capacity would be particularly embarrassing since Lieutenant General Pierre Koenig had already been assigned as commander of Free French forces and as head of the French Military Mission. Eisenhower stated that General Giraud would not place himself under General Koenig’s orders and in any case, for security reasons, Giraud could not be informed of the details of military planning related to OVERLORD. The acceptance of Giraud in any official capacity, insisted General Eisenhower, would destroy any prospect of working with the French Military Mission in England. He was willing only to accept General Giraud in the capacity of a private citizen. (Papers of DDE, 3: 1834-35.) On April 27 General Marshall sent to President Roosevelt a copy of Eisenhower’s response, with the note: “I consider his comments entirely sound, and I concur in them.” (Marshall Memorandum for the President, April 27, 1944, GCMRL/G. C. Marshall Papers [Pentagon Office, Selected].)

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 433-434.

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Holding ID: 4-369

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