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To General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower
May 13, 1945 [Radio No. W-81797.]1 Washington, D.C.
To Eisenhower from Marshall.
Reference your FWD 21264 replying to message regarding protests in United States over friendly manner in which Goering and other Nazi leaders have been received:2 by mail and wire I am being deluged with violent protests and the radical press, as well as numerous conservative papers, carry bitter editorials on the subject.3
For your information I think the serious error lay in Dahlquist,4 Stack, etcetera, permitting themselves to be photographed in apparently intimate and friendly greetings, shaking hands, as well as in press statements going out with the implication at least of lunching or dining with these men.
The original protests were touched off by your official communique of May 9 which stated that Stack shook hands with Goering at their first meeting.5
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed radio message.
1. Marshall’s handwritten draft of this message is located in GCMRL/G. C. Marshall Papers (Pentagon Office, Selected).
2. General Eisenhower’s Radio No. FWD-21264 is not in the Marshall Papers; see Papers of DDE, 6: 42. For previous information, see Marshall to Eisenhower, May 11, 1945, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #5-129 [5: 183-84].
3. For an example of letters to the editor protesting too lenient treatment of Goering, see New York Times, May 12, 1945, p. 12.
4. Major General John E. Dahlquist served as commander of the Thirty-sixth Division.
5. “The only thing for me to do is to issue a short public statement saying that I disapprove of all fraternization and especially between senior officers,” replied Eisenhower on May 14. “I have done this, saying, in effect, that any such incidents were against my express orders and that expressions of my definite disapproval have been brought to the personal attention of the offenders. In addition, I have stated formally that I regret these occurrences.” (Papers of DDE, 6: 42.) For General Eisenhower’s public statement, see New York Times, May 15, 1945, pp. 1, 5. See Marshall to Eisenhower, May 15, 1945, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #5-135 [5: 189].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), pp. 185-186.