5-248 To General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, October 4, 1945

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: October 4, 1945

Subject: Postwar

To General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower

October 4, 1945 Radio. Washington, D.C.


Personal for Eisenhower from Marshall.

In checking up on the present state of educational activities in the Army at large I find this statement regarding the European Theater: “The establishment of unit schools in ETO has been handicapped by movement of troops within the theater, necessarily occasioned by redeployment and speed of demobilization. It has also suffered from the lack of acceptance of the program by a number of commanders especially in U.S. areas in Germany. As a result the educational program on the unit school level is not yet available to various organizations which should be in a position to use it effectively. Large numbers of unit schools, however, have been established and in many instances have provided excellent examples of effective instruction. Where they have been established such schools have met with warm reception from the men. Conversely, the lack of such schools in units in which the men had been led to expect them has led to many complaints both to Congress and to the War Department.”

Please let me have your reaction to this matter, specifically to the statement regarding lack of acceptance of the program by a number of commanders.1

Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. Eisenhower had directed that two field surveys be made during August and September regarding the unit schools idea. The initial survey concluded that “some intermediate commanders” were not interested in the program, but the late-September survey found that nearly all commanders backed it. Demobilization and occupation “circumstances and not lack of acceptance of the program by Commanders have handicapped the unit schools during recent months,” Eisenhower cabled Marshall on October 11; he also promised “a strong and uniform system of command schools.” (Papers of DDE, 6: 425-26.)

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 325.

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