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To General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower
November 1, 1945 Radio No. WAR-80436. Washington, D.C.
Personal for Eisenhower from Marshall.
Since my message WAR 80340 to you this morning I have participated in a lengthy conference between the Secretary of War and myself and the representatives of the civilian group who are endeavoring to carry the ball for us in the matters of Universal Military Training. They are selecting and preparing witnesses for the hearings which begin before the Military Committee of the House on November 2d and also the data to be used by friendly members of the committee in cross-questioning opponents of UMT. They are engaged in launching a series of large gatherings at luncheons, dinners or general meetings in certain large cities, Boston, Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City, San Francisco, Los Angeles. Your appearance at the Legion convention and that later of the Secretary of War there would be sufficient for that region. I am appearing in Kansas City on the 18th of November.1 Wainwright is to appear in San Francisco. If you returned for the Legion it would be very important for you to stop for at least a luncheon in Boston to favor John McCormack, Democratic floor leader who pressed to have you there on your last trip, and to offset opposition to UMT by Martin of Massachusetts, Republican floor leader.2
We have got to work at this thing very hard during the next four weeks if we expect to get it through. We have steam up pretty well now but it has to be much increased and we have got to get the women. In making your decision please have the foregoing in mind because the responsibility of the future in the matter will be yours and not mine.
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed radio message.
1. See Marshall’s speech to the Salvation Army, November 18, 1945, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #5-276 [5: 357-63].
2. Joseph W. Martin, Jr., had introduced House Resolution 325 on July 17 calling for an immediate agreement by all nations to eliminate compulsory military service. He proposed that while this agreement was pending, congressional action be withheld on any universal military training program. (New York Times, July 17, 1945, p. 1. The resolution’s text is on p. 11.)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 348.