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To John J. McCloy
August 20, 1945 Washington, D.C.
I suggest that the Secretary of War send some such message as the following:
Secretary of War to General MacArthur personal.
It seems to me that it would be most appropriate to have General Wainwright present at signing of capitulation.1 This also appears to be the general view in U.S. as expressed in the press. Please let me have your reaction.2
G. C. Marshall
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed letter signed.
1. Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright had commanded U.S. forces in the Philippines between March 12 and the surrender to the Japanese on May 7, 1942. He had been freed by a U.S. paratroop team on August 16 from a small camp for high-ranking Allied prisoners one hundred miles east of Mukden in Manchuria. (New York Times, August 20, 1945, pp. 1, 4.)
2. Assistant Secretary of War McCloy approved the message and had it sent that same day to MacArthur over Secretary Stimson’s signature. (Pasco Memorandum for the Chief of Staff, August 21, 1945, GCMRL/G. C. Marshall Papers [Pentagon Office, Selected].) For more on this issue, see Marshall to Wedemeyer, August 22, 1945, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #5-215 [5: 285].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 283.