5-371 To Lieutenant General Albert C. Wedemeyer, February 23, 1946

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: February 23, 1946

Subject: China

To Lieutenant General Albert C. Wedemeyer

February 23, 1946 Radio No. GOLD 236. [Chungking, China]

Top Secret

In announcing movements to Manchuria the expression “with General Marshall approval” was used. Please have BPR [Bureau of Public Relations] omit such references. It complicates my business re Russia as well as affording CC critics1 a chance to arouse resentment against supposed assumptions of command in China by me.

Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Department of State (RG 59), Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Military Affairs, GOLD Messages, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. John F. Melby, second secretary of embassy in Chungking since November 1945, observed in his memoirs: “The CC clique is the best known and most notorious faction in the Kuomintang. The basic philosophy of its leaders, the Ch’en brothers [Kuo-fu and Li-fu], is a kind of Chinese Fascism which has great appeal for the Generalissimo, who has never displayed any understanding of economics beyond Confucian feudalism. The brothers are adamant in their opposition to any agreement with the Communists. Force is the only answer. They can usually count on the support of a group of generals whose sole objective is to protect their looting of military funds. It is a formidable combination and, skilled politician that he is, the Generalissimo does not dare ignore their wishes too much. . . . It is this coalition which is meant whenever anyone in China refers to `reactionary elements in the Kuomintang.’” (John F. Melby, The Mandate of Heaven: Record of a Civil War; China, 1945-49 [Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1968], p. 132.) According to Ch’en Li-fu, the younger but better known of the brothers, the Communists invented the pejorative “CC clique” in order to paint their vigorous and longtime enemies as reactionaries. See The Storm Clouds Clear over China: The Memoir of Ch’en Li-fu, 1900- 1993, ed. Sidney H. Chang and Ramon H. Myers (Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1994), p. 193.

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 470.

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