5-400 To Lieutenant General Alvan C. Gillem, Jr., March 21, 1946

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: March 21, 1946

Subject: China

To Lieutenant General Alvan C. Gillem, Jr.

March 21, 1946 Radio No. WAR-81547. Washington, D.C.

Top Secret

Personal to Gillem from Marshall.

Have just read your GOLD 344.1 You will have to force an agreement quickly regarding entry of teams into Manchuria. Remember I worded those stipulations, hurriedly dictating them after a conversation with the Generalissimo. It seems to me that you could get a concession from each side sufficient to permit entry of teams. You will have to force the issue. We cannot delay any longer. If there is to be further delay over the teams I feel you yourself must go to Mukden. I am not in agreement with the opinion of Byroade and you that the Committee of Three loses face in the matter. Face will be lost if the fighting develops more seriously in Manchuria and spreads south into Jehol. That will be the serious consideration, not face.2

Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, China Mission, Memoranda-Messages-Cables, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. On March 23, Gillem reported that Chang Chih-chung and Chou En-lai had held three meetings. Chou had received U.S. air transportation to Yenan to obtain instructions on the field teams issue. Chiang Kai-shek told Gillem that he was greatly concerned over the failure of the Communists to agree to send the teams into Manchuria. (Foreign Relations, 1946, 9: 590.)

2. Gillem replied on March 23 that negotiations continued to be delayed by Chou En-lai’s visit to Yenan. Gillem had contacted Chang Chih-chung, who indicated that the Chinese government was willing to make concessions in order to get an agreement from the Communists to send truce teams into Manchuria. (Ibid., pp. 593-94.) Colonel J. Hart Caughey, who had gone to Yenan to talk to Chou, told Gillem on March 23 that Chou’s trip had been provoked by the lack of agreement or action concerning evacuating the Communist forces surrounded near Canton and north of Hankow. Chou promised to return to Chungking if he could secure agreement from the government on certain modifications to the instructions to Executive Headquarters regarding field teams. (Ibid., pp. 596-97.) Chou returned to Chungking on March 25, and the instructions agreement was signed the following day. (See ibid., pp. 603, 605.)

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 510.

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