5-397 To Lieutenant General Alvan C. Gillem, Jr., March 16, 1946

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: March 16, 1946

Subject: China

To Lieutenant General Alvan C. Gillem, Jr.

March 16, 1946 Radio No. WAR-80896. Washington, D.C.


Personal to Gillem from General Marshall.

Have received your GOLD 320, 334 and 335. Announcement to press referred to in 320 was OK by me.1

Reference 335: Inform Smyth there is no objection to completing consular personnel in Dairen and Mukden.2

Do not commit yourself to any agreement to extend school course for Communists beyond three month period and character of course I outlined. That would be a fatal mistake.3

Reference 335 Yu Ta-wei, I think amalgamation of our scheme with War Minister’s scheme of Service Area organizations is a practical procedure.4

I am seeing Generals Hull, Paul, and Vandenberg this morning on the general situation particularly with reference to personnel and will let you know the results later.5 Please send me messages every day or two outlining the developments, political as well as military but not lengthy political resume, merely whether or not a breach of faith on PCC commitments is threatened.

I secured General MacArthur’s agreement to a reinforced division of fifteen thousand men into Japan in June and radioed Wedemeyer from Tokyo to that effect requesting an announcement by Gimo and indicating language for announcement. I have wired Wedemeyer to know why no announcement has been made.6 This is unfortunate in regard to the effect here and my meeting with the press this morning and negotiations of following three days.

Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, China Mission, Memoranda-Messages-Cables, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. Gillem’s GOLD 320 reported on news articles in the March 12 Nationalist and Communist papers in Chungking—obviously released by Chang Chih-chung and Chou En-lai without Marshall’s concurrence—noting that the Military Sub-Committee had agreed to include Manchuria under Executive Headquarters jurisdiction and to dispatch field teams into the region. (Gillem to Richardson for Marshall, March 12, 1946, NA/RG 59 [Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Military Affairs, GOLD Messages].)

2. Preliminary arrangements had been made with the Soviets to reestablish U.S. consular representation in Dairen. See Foreign Relations, 1946, 10: 1153-1200.

3. Chou En-lai had presented Gillem a memorandum on March 14 suggesting a six-month officer training course that was larger and more sophisticated than the two three-month courses Marshall had proposed. (Gillem to Marshall, Radio No. GOLD 335, March 15, 1946, NA/RG 59 [Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Military Affairs, GOLD Messages].)

4. General Yu Ta-wei, vice minister of war, met with Gillem to discuss modifying the service area organizations his government was establishing to coincide with American ideas regarding the eight service areas into which the nation was to be divided. (Ibid.)

5. Lieutenant General John E. Hull was chief of operations (O.P.D.), Major General Willard S. Paul was chief of personnel (G-1), and Lieutenant General Hoyt S. Vandenberg was chief of intelligence (G-2).

6. Wedemeyer replied that he had “promptly relayed” Marshall’s message to Chiang Kai-shek. (Wedemeyer to Marshall, Radio No. CFB-25905, March 18, 1946, NA/RG 332 [Headquarters U.S. Forces China Theater, Wedemeyer Subject Files].) Occasional but ultimately fruitless discussions of the occupation forces issue continued for several months.

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), pp. 507-508.

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