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To Lieutenant General Hugh A. Drum1
July 20, 1943 [Washington, D.C.]
Since my note to you of May 12th2 it has appeared desirable to make a change in the chairmanship of the Inter-American Defense Board which General Embick now heads and of which Admiral Alfred W. Johnson is the other U.S. delegate. General Blanton Winship is the head of the Staff.3 You are to be appointed to this post.
A survey of Latin-American air facilities is to be made by the Inter-American Defense Board in September and it is desirable that you participate in this survey. Therefore you should assume your new duties here in Washington a few weeks prior to the date of departure of the group making this inspection, or about August 25th. You will therefore probably be relieved from duty with the Eastern Defense Command at about that date. Your relief from duty as Commander of the First Army will be delayed until Congress is in session and confirmation of your nomination for lieutenant generalcy can be secured, unless in the meantime the President agrees to a recessed appointment.
Major General George Grunert will probably succeed you as head of the Eastern Defense Command, and will report to you for preliminary duty, to that end, about August 15th, in order that he can familiarize himself with the existing command arrangements.
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed letter.
1. Drum, who was nearing the retirement age of sixty-four, was to be relieved from command of First Army and the Eastern Defense Command in August.
2. See Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #3-653 [3: 689-90].
3. Major General Winship had been judge advocate general of the army (1931-33) and governor of Puerto Rico (1934-39); Vice Admiral Johnson (U.S.N.A., 1899) had been director of Naval Intelligence (1927-30) and had held several aeronautical commands. Both men had extensive experience in Latin American military affairs. For further information on Drum’s role on the board, see Memorandum for the Secretary of War, September 3, 1943, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #4-100 [4: 114-16].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 67-68.