4-443 To Lieutenant General Jacob L. Devers, July 8, 1944

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: July 8, 1944

Subject: World War II

To Lieutenant General Jacob L. Devers

July 8, 1944 Radio No. WARX-62315 Washington, D.C.


From Marshall for General Devers’ Eyes Only.

Yesterday A. M. I made pointed comments to General Bethouart regarding relief of General Juin.1

Last night at dinner for De Gaulle Bethouart informed me most confidentially that he was to take over Juin’s Corps and Juin was to take Bethouart’s place as Chief of Staff to De Gaulle. Apparently the decision followed my comments. Bethouart is a fine man I think and gave fine account of himself commanding French division at Narvik, Norway and in assisting American landing in western French Morocco.2

Document Copy Text Source: Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs (RG 165), Records of the Operations Division (OPD), Top Secret Message File CM-OUT-62315, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. On July 2 Devers had sent his views as to possible issues which might be discussed between President Roosevelt and General de Gaulle during de Gaulle’s visit to Washington. “DeGaulle may raise the question of what future employment is to be given to Juin, for whom we have a very high regard,” reported Devers. “Our view is that the selection and employment of French commanders is entirely the concern of the French, unless there is some Allied objection on purely military grounds to a proposed individual. DeGaulle visited Italy and Elba recently, decorated and complimented Juin. To direct question reference Juin, he said that he had 2 commanders of army rank. He proposed to use the 2nd now and rest Juin; later he hoped to form a 2nd army which he intimated would be commanded by Juin.” (Devers to Marshall, Radio No. B-13244, July 2, 1944, NA/RG 165 [OPD, Exec. 10, Item 52d].)

2. “A perfect solution,” replied Devers. “We are all fond of General Bethouart here.” (Devers to Marshall, Radio No. T-12434, July 9, 1944, ibid., Item 52e.) Lieutenant General Alphonse Pierre Juin replaced B

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