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To Lieutenant General Joseph W. Stilwell
July 11, 1944 Radio No. WAR-63270 Washington, D.C.
Eyes alone Stilwell from Marshall.
Your report on the quality of the replacements furnished for GALAHAD as contained in CHC 1216 Jun 22nd has been the subject of serious investigation on our part.1 The results of our inquiries are as follows:
1. Composition of contingent: Officers 93 Infantry, 15 Medical, 4 Quartermaster, total 112. Enlisted men 2219 from the 97th Division, 223 from the 7lst Division, 532 mostly volunteers from miscellaneous sources.
2. Of personnel furnished by 97th Division exclusive of Medical all but 5 had qualified with their individual weapon.
3. 23 enlisted men of entire shipment required additional training at Replacement Depot.
4. 97th Division activated February 15, 1943 thereby afforded men from this division an unusually extended period of unit training.
5. 85% of the Infantry Officers and 223 enlisted men from the 71st Division were jungle trained at Hunter Liggett.
6. Enlisted men met closely the proportion of military occupational specialties required for a tabular Infantry Regiment.
The Convoy Officer who accompanied the shipment from AGF Replacement Depot number 1 Fort Meade to India reported upon his return in part as follows: “The First Battalion (The replacements were organized tentatively as a regiment at Fort Meade) arrived at Ramgarh at 1100 on May 29, 1944 and was being moved by air at 0700 May 30 to reinforce Merrill’s Marauders in Burma. Replacements rates are not used at Ramgarh. The shipment went into combat as set up by this depot with but few alterations.” General McNair states that it is “Out of the question to expect a Battalion such as this one to fight effectively”.
The foregoing is in no sense intended as a criticism of your handling of these units in your Myitkyina fighting. Rather it is a response to my searching investigation of why men seemingly so poorly trained, should have been sent to your theatre.
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs (RG 165), Records of the Operations Division (OPD), Top Secret Message File CM-OUT-63270, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Typed radio message.
1. For Stilwell’s adverse report on the GALAHAD replacements, see Marshall Memorandum for General McNair, June 23, 1944, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #4-420 [4: 490-91].
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 4, “Aggressive and Determined Leadership,” June 1, 1943-December 31, 1944 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), pp. 516-517.