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To Lieutenant General Stanley D. Embick
June 15, 1940 [Washington, D.C.]
I have been so buried under new business, as it were,—just got back from a hearing on one billion appropriation bill1—that I have utterly neglected you. It has been my intention morning after morning on coming to the War Department to start the day by dictating a letter of appreciation for the really splendid manner in which you organized and carried through the recent maneuvers.
As I told you when you were last in Washington, it was a source of great comfort and satisfaction to me to know that you were at the head of the Third Army, in charge of the development and conduct of these maneuvers—the largest and most pretentious we have ever attempted. From all I can learn and from what little I saw, I think that your leadership and direction led to the most stimulating and instructive Army demonstration of our time. I am certain the effects will be far-reaching on the Army, on its officer personnel, and its school system; but I feel also that the whole affair was managed with such smoothness and efficiency that it has educated the public, and certainly the Congress to an understanding of the necessity for such maneuvers at frequent intervals.
I want you to know that I am deeply appreciative of the loyalty and remarkable efficiency with which you organized and carried, to a successful completion the Third Army maneuvers.2
Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.
Document Format: Typed letter.
1. Marshall had testified that morning before the Senate Appropriations Committee in support of the first Supplemental Appropriation Bill (H.R. 10055). He emphasized the need for the contemplated appropriations of approximately $821,000,000 in cash and $254,000,000 in contract authorizations, in order to place new materiel orders as soon as possible to increase supplies quickly, to assure manufacturers that they could plan for continued full production when current contracts expired (particularly in the aircraft industry), to broaden the manufacturing base for future demands, and to expedite production by removing bottlenecks and by building new facilities. The bill also increased the number of enlisted men permitted in the Regular Army by 95,000 to a total of 375,000. Senator Millard E. Tydings tried to get the chief of staff to say that he really needed a total of 500,000 men as soon as possible, but Marshall refused. (Senate Appropriations Committee, First Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Bill for 1941, Hearings [Washington: GPO, 1940], pp. 3-10.)
2. Approximately 70,000 Regular Army troops had participated in a series of blitzkrieg-style maneuvers in Louisiana between May 6 and May 24.
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland, Sharon Ritenour Stevens, and Clarence E. Wunderlin, Jr.(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 2, “We Cannot Delay,” July 1, 1939-December 6, 1941 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986), pp. 243-244.