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To Major General Hunter Liggett
February 11, 1924 [Washington, D.C.]
My dear General Liggett:
Your note of February 2nd has come and I have notified the people at Leavenworth to specially bind copies of the First Army Report for Senator Wadsworth and Mr. Kahn, with their names and positions embossed on the cover.1 As you expressed no other desire, I have taken the liberty of notifying the Book Department to send you direct, four full leather bound copies, eight half leather, and twelve cloth bound copies of the Report, because I feel certain that there will probably be people to whom you might wish to give them from time to time. Should this lot not prove sufficient for your wants, please let me know and I will arrange for additional copies.
It will be a matter of great relief to me when this Report is out of the way and I will also be very glad when it becomes a document available to the public, so that the splendid achievements of the Army and its Commanders may become generally known, which is not now the case.
I hear reports regarding you from time to time from officers of the Ninth Corps Area, and I am happy to know that you continue in such excellent health, and that Mrs. Liggett is also well.2 Of course, you have selected the choice climate of the United States in my opinion, and have placed your lives among so many agreeable people. Of all the cities, I believe I would prefer to live in San Francisco, but my real inclination is for the country.
When I start out on my morning ride before breakfast, I almost invariably think of you and Fort McKinley, especially on those days when I happen to see your old orderly, Hall, as I did last Saturday morning. He is on duty in the colored troop which runs the saddle horses for the War College and officers on duty in Washington. He seems to be doing very well, but complains that there are so many old soldiers in the outfit that he holds no hopes for promotion. He is a distinguished private.
General Pershing has been working rather hard in Paris on his Memoirs, but I had a note from him a couple of days ago, written from Monte Carlo, where he is spending a week or two. I imagine he will return to this country the early part of March.
The other night at a small stag dinner, Senator Wadsworth had quite a bit to say regarding your advancement to the grade of Lieutenant General. He brought the matter up himself in connection with some vagary of legislation which he had been discussing. Senator Wadsworth feels very strongly regarding the failure of the Government to advance you and freely damns all those in Congress who leap to their feet in pretentious defense of the rights and dues of the simple soldier, whenever anything is said about appropriate appreciation of the services of the outstanding men of whom you are the leading example. According to him, there is a crowd of men on the Hill playing for votes in connection with the bonus, who oppose anything that does not pay so many hundreds of dollars a month to the soldiers. He has apparently honestly tried in every way to do what he feels is not only the right thing, but the only fitting thing in your case, but has found himself opposed right and left by the demagogue type now so prevalent. However, he has not by any means given up hope and they all seem to feel that if this bonus thing is cleared up one way or the other during this session, then there may be some decency in connection with military legislation.
I just had a long letter this morning from Malin Craig, who is apparently doing things at Corregidor.3 As usual, he has something more than nice to say of you.
With my affectionate regards to Mrs. Liggett and yourself,
Document Copy Text Source: National Archives Donated Materials Group, PRSHG, John J. Pershing Papers, Report of the First Army, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Typed letter.
1. Marshall had written Liggett on January 25 to ask if the general knew of anyone not on the distribution list who should receive the expensively bound version of the report. Wadsworth was chairman of the Senate Military Affairs Committee. Julius Kahn, Republican of California’s Fourth District (San Francisco), was chairman of the House Military Affairs Committee.
2. The Liggetts lived in San Francisco. The Ninth Corps Area included not only California, but also Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, and Nevada.
3. Craig (U.S.M.A., 1898) had been promoted to brigadier general in the Regular Army effective April 28, 1921. He was in command of the Coast Artillery District of Manila and Subic Bay in the Philippine Islands.
Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 1, “The Soldierly Spirit,” December 1880-June 1939 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981), pp. 254-255.