5-471 To Walter S. Robertson, June 11, 1946

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: June 11, 1946

Subject: China

To Walter S. Robertson

June 11, 1946 Radio No. GOLD 866. [Nanking, China]

Top Secret

Please contact Doctor Leighton Stuart of Yenching University1 and see if he would be willing to come to Nanking for a week or ten days, to assist me quietly by influencing certain Chinese officials of his acquaintance to a more moderate or tolerant point of view during current negotiations.

I am requesting such services of several others, Frank Price, Doctor Wu Yi-fang of Ginling College, General Li of Army Medical Corps. W. P. Mills suggested Dr. Stuart’s name.2 I would provide transportation. Arrival here would have to be during next five days.

Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Department of State (RG 59), Lot Files, Marshall Mission, Military Affairs, GOLD Messages, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Document Format: Typed radio message.

1. China-born son of Presbyterian missionaries, the seventy-year-old Stuart had spent most of his life in China. He was a well-known scholar, able administrator, and successful fund-raiser, which led to his appointment in 1919 as president of Yenching University in the northwestern suburbs of Peking. After Pearl Harbor, the Japanese placed him under house arrest. Following the war, he reestablished the school and had recently returned from an extended fund-raising trip to the United States. (Kenneth W. Rea and John C. Brewer, eds., The Forgotten Ambassador: The Reports of John Leighton Stuart, 1946-1949 [Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1981], pp. xix-xx.) While in Nanking for a conference, he had called on Marshall on May 17.

2. Dr. Frank W. Price, a Presbyterian missionary and editor, was an organizer of rural religious and social programs, an adviser to China’s delegation to the United Nations conference in 1945, an adviser to the Chinese Foreign Ministry, and a personal friend of Generalissimo and Madame Chiang. He had met with Marshall on May 13. In a May 18 letter, Price recommended that Marshall see “that wonderfully wise woman, Miss Wu Yi-fang, President of Ginling College for Women at Nanking—who was the one woman on the Chinese delegation at [the U.N. conference in] San Francisco.” (Price to Marshall, December 21, 1945, and May 18, 1946, GCMRL/F. W. Price Papers.) Marshall had met with Dr. Wu on May 29.

On June 8, Marshall had had lunch with Dr. W. P. Mills, the leader of the U.S. missionaries in Nanking; Mills had also called on Marshall on the afternoon of June 11. Major General Li Chen-pien (C. P. Lee) was director of the Serum Institute of the Chinese Ministry of War.

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 587.

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