1-153 Training Memorandum, November 30, 1918

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: November 30, 1918

Training Memorandum

November 30, 1918 [Montigny], France

1. Upon arrival in respective areas, Division Commanders will submit a sketch to these headquarters showing the location of all headquarters in their divisions down to and including the battalions.

All headquarters will be marked by appropriate signs.

They will cause reconnaissances to be made in their areas for suitable target ranges, bayonet courses, drill, maneuver and bombing grounds and will construct the same.

A sketch will be submitted to these Headquarters showing the location of these training grounds.

The first day after arriving in the area will be devoted to the cleaning and inspection of arms, equipment, clothing, billets and their surrounding areas.

2. Division Commanders will also prepare and submit to these headquarters training schedules covering a period of four weeks in accordance with G.O. No. 207, G.H.Q., American Expeditionary Forces, Nov. 16, 1918.

A high standard will be required from officers and men, at all times, in smartness of clothing, appearance, set up and saluting.

A portion of each day will be devoted to close order drill for disciplinary purposes. In these drills especial stress will be laid upon the setting up exercises. They will cover movements in the school of the soldier, by squads and by platoons.

Especial attention will be given to the alertness, snap and uniformity of commands given by instructors and leaders.

All movements must be practiced and polished until their execution is perfect. Approximation to perfection is not sufficient.

For the purpose of developing speed and smartness the cadence in close order drills will be raised to 128 steps per minute, the length of the pace will be correspondingly reduced.

In moving troops over roads and across fields, columns of squads will be used in order that organizations may be habituated to a formation requiring the minimum road distance. Columns of twos will only be used to pass obstacles, in field exercises and for instruction purposes.

All mounted and horsed units will be carefully instructed in the feeding, grooming and care of animals and in the cleaning of harness, equipment and vehicles.

Mounts and draft animals will be fed five times daily, the forage allowance being divided accordingly.

There will be daily practice in the use of the bayonet and in firing with the rifle, pistol and automatic weapons, service ammunition being used.

When a senior officer approaches an organization at drill or other instructional exercises for the purpose of inspection or observation, the junior will report to him giving name, rank, organization and kind of exercise under execution.

When a junior officer finds himself in the presence of a senior, whom he does not know, he will at once introduce himself by saluting, giving name, rank and organization.

3. Commanding Officers will be judged solely upon the condition and efficiency of their commands, and they will be graded accordingly.

Officers who fail to rise to a sufficiently high standard will be disposed of as heretofore.

All officers will be required to be present with their organizations at drills and other exercises.

4. For the purpose of maintaining a high standard of discipline, punishment will quickly follow offenses and will be proportionate to the offense committed.

Document Copy Text Source: Records of the Eighth Corps, Historical File, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.

Document Format: Typed memorandum.

Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 1, “The Soldierly Spirit,” December 1880-June 1939 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981), pp. 173-174.

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