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“The Man of the Age”
October 1, 1949 through October 16, 1959
Edited by Mark A. Stoler and Daniel D. Holt
This seventh and final volume of the The Papers of George Catlett Marshall covers the compelling and celebratory occasions during the last ten years of Marshall’s life. During this time he also served as president of the American Red Cross, which, he wrote, necessitate travel of more than “30,000 miles and it seems to me 30,000 interview with never a question about the Red Cross.” Despite the Korean War, Marshall’s strategic focus remained on Europe and with it the establishment of a NATO military commander under General Dwight D. Eisenhower; sending additional US divisions to that commando efforts to convince the French to accept German rearmament within NATO; obtaining congressional approval for a major US military buildup that included his long-desired universal military training program; and proposing a large military Mutual Security Program for America’s allies, which involved expanded military aid to other areas of the world, such as French Indochina.
Marshall remained active and honored in retirement, particularly in 1953, when he led the US delegation to the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in June and won the Nobel Peace Prize in November-the first professional soldier to receive the honor. He continued as head of the American Battle Monuments commission, traveled extensively, made numerous public addresses, maintained an extensive correspondence with national and international leaders, and participated in anniversaries marking the success of the Marshall Plan. He also agreed to the establishment of the George C. Marshall Foundation to house his papers and participated in a series of oral histories with his authorized biographer, Dr. Forrest C. Pogue. When he died on October 16, 1959, George Catlett Marshall was hailed by many as the nation’s greatest soldier-statesman since George Washington.