There are over 300 collections which are housed on-site in a three-story government security vault. Collections range from a single folder such as a diary kept by a prisoner-of-war during the Battle of the Bulge to multi-folder divisional histories and newsletters. Collections are listed alphabetical by last name. Collections regarding divisions or regiments are listed in numerical order. Detailed finding aids to individual collections are available for most materials. Download the Collections List. (Last updated November 13, 2015)
The collection is made up of military papers, printed material, articles, maps, and Photographs concerning the return of American forces to Corregidor collected by Robert Alexander (1900-1979) while in the U.S. Army. The material deals primarily with the 503rd Parachute Regimental Combat Team and the airborne approach to Corregidor. A journal, kept by Dr. Charles H. Bradford, is also included. Bradford was orthopedic surgeon for the 503rd Parachute Regimental Combat Team on the airborne approach to Corregidor.
Dr. Kenneth D.A. Allen Collection
Dr. Kenneth Allen served as Senior Consultant in Radiology, Office of the Chief Surgeon, in the European Theatre of Operations during World War II. The collection contains Dr. Allen’s curriculum vitae and a photograph of Dr. Allen receiving the Legion of Merit Award for establishing and maintaining radiological care for soldiers and for developing a mobile x-ray field unit.
Rex N. Allyn Collection
Rex Allyn served as a naval lieutenant with the Service Force of the 7th Fleet, U.S. Navy, and later with the Philippines Sea Frontier in the Pacific theater of World War II from 1943-1945. Stationed first at Brisbane, Australia, Allyn later served in Hollandia, New Guinea before being sent to Manila in the Philippines to record the navy and marine personnel confined in the Santo Tomas prisoner of war camp outside of Manila. The collection includes the list of the prisoners from Santo Tomas in 1945 at the time of Manila’s liberation. In addition to the listing, the collection also includes photographs taken in Brisbane, New Guinea, and Manila, a Bill Mauldin cartoon “Goin’ Home,” and menus from the Philippine Sea Frontier Officers’ Wardroom.
Tate L. Anderson Collection
The collection contains four issues of Stars & Stripes Armed Forces newspaper, European edition dated June 9, 10, 12, 13, 1944.
Marshall Andrews Papers
The collection consists of material gathered by newspaper editor and reporter Marshall Andrews (1899-1973) for an unpublished biography (1942) of GCM. Included are the chapters on GCM, correspondence from John H. Sherburne and Isaac Newell about Marshall as well as newspaper clippings and notes from Charles Cole concerning the biography.
Army Signal Corps Photograph Collection
This is a large collection covering every major aspect of the United States (U.S.) involvement in WWII. The main focus is on the U.S. Army, but there are small sections on the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, the home front, war production, governmental agencies, relief agencies, etc.The photos are arranged numerically. Some of the photos pre-date the war by several years, and quite a few are of the U.S. Army in occupation duty in Europe or Asia between 1945 and 1950. The majority of the photos date between 1941 and 1945.
Henry H. “Hap” Arnold
Henry Harley “Hap” Arnold was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force. Arnold was an aviation pioneer, Chief of the Air Corps (1938–1941), Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces, and the only U.S. Air Force general to hold five-star rank.
William R. Arnold Papers
William Richard Arnold (1881-1965) served as Chief of Chaplains, U.S. army, from 1937 to 1945; he then was consecrated Bishop of Phocaea, a position he held until his death. The collection covers Arnold’s tenure as Chief of Chaplains, consisting of correspondence and writings. Letters are from other ministers, friends, and military personnel requesting favors. The writings are typescripts of two articles Arnold wrote: “The Chaplain, His Place and Work,” The Presbyterian, 1939, and “The Army Chaplain’s Part in the War,” unpublished.
Mildred Asbjornson Collection
Mildred Asbjornson worked for General Marshall when he was Secretary of State. The collection contains four letters written from Marshall to Ms. Asbjornson.
John Babicz Collection
John Babicz served in Africa during World War II and was killed on November 8, 1942. The collection contains two letters of condolence to his brother from Major General J.A. Ulio and General George C. Marshall.
Lelia Cocke Bagbey Papers
The collection records the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps career of Lelia Cocke Bagbey (1916-1983), a native of Roanoke, Virginia. Included are correspondence, a scrapbook, photograph album, clippings, pamphlets, military play script, telegrams, and five WW II posters.
Hanson W. Baldwin Papers
Correspondence, speeches, reports, and clippings document WW I, WW II, Korean Conflict, and Vietnam War. Collected by Hanson Weightman Baldwin (1903 – ), longtime military editor of the New York Times, items include WW I casualty reports, WW II war plans strategy session reports, military operations reports, Nuremberg Trial documents, correspondence on casualties and historical events of WW II, as well as reports on the Korean Conflict and the Pueblo incident. In addition, there are a large number of Photographs collected for a never published pictorial history of the army.
John P. Baldwin Collection
The collection contains press releases and reports detailing the early activities of the United Nations in the years 1946-48 in Europe and Latin America. The collection also contains a transcript of a lecture delivered by Alger Hiss on “U.S. Policy Toward the United Nations” given in 1946.
Julius Preston Barclay Papers
The collection consists of several disparate items: postcards showing WW I fighting and destruction and a broadside on German atrocities; a speech on San Antonio; and a letter to Julius Preston Barclay.
Carol Bergeron Collection
The collection contains materials related to the American Red Cross and includes training manuals, guides to uniforms and pins, and a history of the Richmond, Virginia chapter of the Red Cross.
Elmer Birdseye Collection
Birdseye graduated from West Point Military Academy, and served in the U.S. Army from June 1, 1951 until he retired on June 30, 1975. During his distinguished military career, LtC. Birdseye received the Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Air Medal, Army Commendation Medal, Meritorious Unit Citation, American Campaign Medal, Army of Occupation (German), World War II Victory Medal, National Defense Service Medal (1 OLC), Vietnam Service Medal, Vietnam Cross of Gallantry w/Palm, Philippine Independence Ribbon, Vietnam Campaign Medal, Vietnam Civic Action Honor Medal, and the General Staff Identification Badge. This collection consists of button, currency, leaflets, manuals, photograph and handbooks.
Larry I. Bland Collection
This collection consists of two parts: W. Averill Harriman research material and women’s history source material. The Harriman items were collected in preparation for Larry I. Bland’s dissertation. Included are articles by Bland and Harriman, as well as copied journal articles. Notes taken by Bland are also to be found. The women’s history material consists of popular articles and newspaper clippings (1971-1976) as well as scholarly articles on the changing role of women.
R. Tyler Bland WWII Account
Haydon L. Boatner Collection
Haydon Lemaire Boatner’s (1900-1977) accounts of events in China when he was Chief of Staff to Joseph Stilwell. Copies of dispatches and memoranda on which Boatner made marginal notes in planning his actions are included.
Therese Bonney Collection
The collection consists of book reviews, magazine articles, clippings, and a letter to Henry Stimson, all concerning Therese Bonney’s Europe’s Children, a book published in 1944 which shows the horrors of war through the eyes of children.
William A. Borden Collection
The collection consists of a memoir of William Ayres Borden (1890-1967), compiled in 1964. It contains genealogical information as well as notes on the military and post-military career of Borden.
C.W. Bowman Collection
C.W. Bowman served in the Vietnam War, in Chu Chi and Trang Bang. The collection contains over 300 Photographs Bowman took during his service, as well as slides and printed materials from the duration of the war. Bowman included a detailed explanation of his experiences in Vietnam.
Suzann B. Brainerd Collection
This small collection concerns First Lieutenant J.R. Lashbrooke, who served in the 17th Field Artillery, and other men and officers who served with the American Expeditionary Forces, France during World War I. The collection contains the Announcement of the Armistice, November 11, 1918, Combat Commendations, and intercepted German & French Communiques. Other items include memos, letters, passes, poems, newspapers, and Photographs dealing with the activities of American servicemen in France during World War I. Some of the items in this collection are in very delicate condition.
F. Gorham Brigham Collection
Commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Field Artillery Reserves in 1939, F. Gorham Brigham was called to active duty in September 1940 as a Lieutenant, U.S. Army. During World War II, he served in the Secretariat of Chief of Staff George C. Marshall, who decorated him with the Legion of Merit in 1945. Brigham returned to the Army Reserve in 1946 as a Lt. Colonel and retired as a Colonel in the Finance Corps in 1967. The collection includes a 1944 Secretariat photo with identifications, award photos, signed general officer portraits, snapshots, letters, orders, Chief of Staff organizational charts, biennial reports and the Supreme Commander’s report from European operations, June 6, 1944 through May 8, 1945.
Rebecca L. Brockenbrough Papers
These papers document Rebecca Brockenbrough’s career in the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps. Her letters describe WAAC life in training and as an officer. An extensive photograph collection provides good examples of WAAC uniforms.
Manuel Bromberg Collection
Manuel Bromberg was a well-known artist during World War II. This collection contains nine of his drawings of World War II scenes.
William M. Bruce, Jr. Collection
William M. Bruce was the father of Mrs. Hanson Baldwin (Helen). He was a noted inventor in the field of telephone, telegraph, and cable communication. The collection contains patent documents, letters, newspaper clippings, and Photographs.
Walter D. Bryle Collection
Walter D. Bryle served with the United States Navy aboard the USS Cambria in the Pacific Theatre during World War II. He wrote, printed, and distributed the “Cambria Press News,” a shipboard project with limited circulation. The collection contains issues of the leaflet, as well as plans of the day for the ship, censorship regulations, and a copy of the ship’s log.
Ray Bules Collection
This collection contains a variety of World War II items included technical manuals, war ration books, newspapers from the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the 200th anniversary of American independence. Also included in the collection guide is a list of museum items that are part of this collection.
Carter Burgess Collection
The collection represents a variety of material from the World War II era collected and created by Carter L. Burgess. There is a large amount of newspaper articles and clippings, as well as booklets from the War. Personal materials include correspondence and photographs of Burgess during the War as well as others such as Eisenhower and Bedell Smith. Also included are two cassettes of an oral history interview with Carter L. Burgess, Italian money, and a top secret folder used to carry the Italian surrender during World War II. Many large items have been separated from the collection and relocated to the oversized materials section. These items include: multiple military certificates and medals; large photographs, some that have been signed; Burgess‘ VMI diploma and an Appointment Certificate to the Commission onGovernment Security signed by President Eisenhower, 1957.
Chester F. Burgess Collection
Burgess’ father served in World War I and collected a variety of mementos from his tour of duty. The collection consists of newspaper clippings, Photographs, letters, postcards, ticket stubs, buttons, cards, and passes from this era.
Mervyn F. Burke Collection
The collection contains items relating to the military career of Mervyn F. Burke (1898-?), who served in France as a member of the 1st Division A.E.F. Included are a segment of Burke’s memoirs covering his WW I experiences, several orders from that war, and two letters from Burke discussing the 1st Division.
W. Walton Butterworth Papers
Papers document the foreign service career of W. Walton Butterworth (1903-1975). Material consists mainly of correspondence and speeches as well as clippings, printed material, and Photographs that Butterworth saved during his career. Although the majority of correspondence is congratulatory in nature, correspondence between Butterworth and GCM can be found here. Some of it relates to GCM’s 1946 China Mission and some to his presidency of the American Red Cross in 1950. Butterworth’s speeches reflect the issues in each area where he served: American Ambassador in Nanking, China; American Ambassador to Sweden; American Minister to London; U.S. Representative to the European Communities; and U.S. Ambassador to Canada.
Clark Campbell Collection
This collection contains drawings of military insignia as well as five loose leaf notebooks on military insignia.
Mildred K. Carlson Collection
Mildred Carlson was a secretary to George C. Marshall from 1950-1951. The collection contains three photos, handwritten and typed letters, cards, and envelopes.
Charles T. Carpenter Collection
Charles Carpenter saw service in World War II from 1942-1946. On June 6, 1944 he landed with the 16th Regiment on Omaha Beach and was later awarded the Silver Star for his action. The collection includes photocopies, maps, commemorative bottles, Photographs, and magazines from this period.
Kathleen B. Carter Collection
The collection consists of genealogical information on the Taliaferro family compiled by Kathleen Buckner Carter (1888-1983). Both Carter and GCM descend from this family. Also included is material on the portraits of Pocahontas, their origins and locations.
Marshall S. Carter Papers
The collection of Marshall Sylvester Carter (1909-1993) contains correspondence and other documents on each of the significant military assignments and government appointments in Carter’s career. His pre-war tours of duty, his wartime service in Washington and China, his post-war commands as aide to GCM, and his years as deputy director of the Central Intelligence Agency and director of the National Security Agency are all documented. Also included are personal correspondence files, personal memorabilia, awards, decorations, and Photographs.
Martin Casey Collection
Martin P. Casey served with the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II in the Central Pacific. After the war, Casey continued to serve in the Air Force Reserves. The collection includes various training manuals and materials belonging to Casey. The training and informational booklets cover a wide range of topics from jungle warfare to air research and development. One folder contains information on early jets in the United States Air Force. In addition to books and guides, the collection includes a vast array of records and regulations from the Army Air Force in World War II.
John Hart Caughey Collection
Colonel Caughey was serving on General Wedemeyer’s staff in the China Theater when he was hand-selected by General George C. Marshall in 1945 to serve on his staff while he was in China. Caughey greatly admired Marshall and frequently praised the General’s attributes in his letters home. Caughey returned to the U.S. with Marshall in 1947 at the conclusion of the China Mission and continued his military career attaining the rank of Major General. The collection contains official and personal correspondence with Chinese and American military leaders, four scrapbooks of personal correspondence and memorabilia, Chinese invitations and certificates, Chinese and Japanese currency, newspaper clippings, and Photographs of Marshall and sights around China.
Gilbert Xavier Cheves Collection
General Cheves served as chief of the logistics service in the China-India-Burma Theatre during World War II and was instrumental in establishing the Burma Road. Cheves served as a United States liason to the Nationalist Chinese government in Kunming, Kweiyang, and Tengchung. The collection contains Photographs of General Cheves’ service in China and War Department communiqués from 1941-1942. Also included are personal materials of Cheves’ son, Clarence M. Oakey, who served during World War II and fought at Normandy and in the Ardennes.
George D. Childress Papers
This collection consists of letters written by Pvt. Childress, Co. G, 116th Infantry, while serving in France during WW I.
Dowsley Clark Reports
Two reports written by Dowsley Clark, a news writer for the Foreign Operations Administration Mission (FOA) to Greece, from 1950-1953. One is a review of the mission’s activities and the other is a report on community or local radio in Greece and the use of radio in selected mountain communities.
Paul Henry Clark Papers
The collection consists of letters written by Paul H. Clark (1898-1946), while he was Chief of the American Military Mission at French General Headquarters to John J. Pershing. This correspondence discusses German military maneuvering, the effects of chemical warfare, and French military leaders’ views of the state of the war.
Mary E. Clarke Collection
The material concerns the disestablishment ceremony of the Office of the Director, Women’s Army Corps, on April 28, 1978. Also found is material from the dedication of the Women’s Army Corps Museum at Ft. McClellan, Alabama, including news releases and guest lists.
Raymond H. Clary Collection
Orders, letters of recommendation, and passes for Raymond Clary (1914- ) make up the bulk of the collection. Also included is a Training Circular, “Safeguarding Military Information”. Clary served as an Army clerk typist in WW II.
James D. Claxton Collection
James Claxton served in Desert Storm. This collection includes 80 slides and printed report material from Desert Storm. The collection guide contains a numbered list of the slides with accompanying captions.
Lucius DuBignon Clay Papers
The papers of Lucius DuBignon Clay (1897-1978) almost exclusively document his post-military career as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Continental Can (1950-1962) and as Senior Partner in Lehman Brothers investment banking house (1962-1973). Material includes correspondence, articles, interviews, speeches and statements, and office records. Scrapbooks and photograph albums documenting the period 1943-1978 round out the collection.
Richard V. Clements Collection
Born in Nebraska in 1923, Richard V. Clements enlisted in the Army. After basic training, he was with the 97th Division in amphibious landing training in California when he was called to Fort Meade, Maryland. He journeyed to New York and left for action in the European Theatre of Operations. The collection contains a 33 page descriptive paper of his service in Germany during the Battle of the Bulge. Interspersed with portions of letters sent home, it is a vivid account of his seven months with the 102nd Infantry. He was wounded and spent some time in a hospital in Holland before being discharged.
Theresa Wilson Cochran Collection
Theresa Wilson Cochran is the daughter of Major General Donald Wilson (Donald Wilson Papers, MS 96) who was a member of General Douglas MacArthur’s staff and served in Australia in 1943. The collection contains family Photographs dating from the 1880s to the late 1970s, miscellaneous personal memorabilia dating to the late 1880s, and correspondence with her father, Donald Wilson.
Edward M. Coffman Collection & Addition
Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Edward Coffman has lectured and written extensively on military history. This collection has three parts. Part 1 concerns Coffman’s research, publications, teaching, and other professional activities. Part 2 consists of oral history interviews conducted by Coffman concerning the U.S. Army from 1898 to 1941. Part 3 also contains oral history interviews, some of which are duplicated in Part 2.
Milton Colvin Collection
Milton Colvin is a distinguished professor in the field of American National Government. He received his PhD from the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Dr. Colvin held various professorships before joining the faculty of Washington and Lee University in 1961. In the spring of 1981, he received a research fellowship from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). He conducted his study in Germany on the topic of “The Pursuit of Détente in East-West Relations: The Impact of ‘Finlandisation’ on the Young in Germany.” The collection consists of Dr. Colvin’s correspondence, research materials, and final paper from his NATO research fellowship.
Paul Condoyiannis Collection
Paul Condoyiannis entered the Military Film Institute in 1951 and went on to the New York Institute of Photography in 1955. During the Korean War he served in the 226th Signal Service Company, the 304th Signal Operation Battalion, and the 51st Signal Battalion. The collection contains almost 50 Photographs from the Korean War period.
John L. Couper Collection
John L. Couper of Lexington, Virginia donated the items in this collection. It consists of postcards, photographs, maps, official documents, and two books title: The British Isles Pocket Atlas and Introduction to Cambridge: a brief guide to the University from within.
Ed Cray Collection
Ed Cray conducted interviews with several people who knew Marshall during his research of the book General of the Army: George C. Marshall, Soldier and Statesman. The collection consists of audio cassette tapes of Cray’s interviews along with transcriptions.
Henry J. Cronin Collection
Prisoner-of-war diary of Major Henry (Hank) J. Cronin. Cronin participated in the Battle of the Bulge with the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion in World War II. The collection consists on one hardbound diary (19 pages) plus xerox copies of the same.
A. Fairfield Dana Papers
This collection documents the year Aliston Fairfield Dana (1916- ) spent in China with George C. Marshall’s mission. Included are extracts, correspondence, diary entries, a portion of a scrapbook, and an oral history interview.
Tim Darley Collection
This collection contains about forty prints of U.S. ships and cutters.
Martha R. Daura Collection
Martha Daura’s father, Pierre Daura, was a painter during the Second World War era. His paintings include a portrait of Army photographer Howard Hammersley. The collection contains Photographs and slides taken during the campaign in North Africa in 1942-43. Also included are a pamphlet for Americans and the Marshall Plan, and a newspaper article on World War II correspondent Jules Grad.
Leon Thomas David Diary
Leon Thomas David served as commander of the School for Special Services for the first four months of its operation in Lexington, Virginia. Prior to that he was with the Morale Branch of the Adjutant General’s Office (the precursor of the school) and assistant commandant of the school while it was at Fort Meade, Maryland. While associated with the School for Special Services, David kept a diary of events leading to the formation of the school, problems faced by it, and his role in the school. This is a copy of that diary.
Byron Davis Collection
Byron Davis served in the 29th Infantry Division in World War II, was stationed in England, France, and Germany and participated in D-Day. The collection contains pamphlets, brochures, newspaper clippings, Photographs, and postcards from his time in the service.
Bob Davison Collection
Bob Davison served with the AEF during World War I in France. The collection contains various booklets and manuals on military hardware, strategy, and engineering. The collection also contains maps, drawings, newspaper clippings, and letters.
Charles H. Dayhuff Papers
The collection consists of material relating to courses offered at the Army War College in the 1950’s on Turkey and the Middle East. There is one small folder of notes belonging to Charles Hal Dayhugg (1906- ), VMI 1931, as well as two speeches he gave. Also included are mimeographed copies of correspondence between C.H. Dayhuff III and his parents, written while he was an advisor in Vietnam, 1964-1965.
Frank B. Dean Collection
Eddie Deerfield Collection
Eddie Deerfield was a member of the 303rd Bomb Group during World War II. This small collection contains pamphlets and menus.
John W. DeGrote Collection
This collection contains a booklet, “The 118th Signal Radio Intelligence Company, 1942-1946, Third Army, World War II,” that was written by John DeGrote.
Harvey A. DeWeerd Papers
The papers include Harvey A. DeWeerd’s (1902-1979) correspondence and documents relating to his military career as contributing editor for the Army Infantry Journal, as well as his dissertation, bibliographies, lectures, and reading notes compiled in preparation for teaching and for writing Great Soldiers of Two Wars (1941), Selected Speeches of George Catlett Marshall (1945) , and President Wilson Fights His War: World War I and the American Intervention (1968). Also found are research items, including papers given DeWeerd by Basil H. Liddell Hart, reprints of articles and book reviews and newspaper clipping files on détente and nuclear war. DeWeerd’s extensive personal library is also among the Marshall Library’s holdings.
Madeline Dinsmore Papers
Madeline I. Dinsmore (1874-1948), a prominent resident for many years of Edgartown, MA and Staatsburg-on-Hudson, NY, collected clippings on WW I, particularly cartoons and humorous or cheerful sayings. These she compiled into a scrapbook that makes up the bulk of the collection.
Charles W. Dobson Collection
Both Charles and Louise Dobson served in the Armed Forces in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Charles Dobson also served in the Korean War from 1956-1957. The collection contains original photograph albums compiled by Charles Dobson in Korea.
Edwin L. Dooley, Jr. Collection
Edwin L. Dooley, Sr. served in the 726th Military Police (MP) Battalion and in Puerto Rico during World War II. The collection includes documents on Military Police history, newsletters from the 726th MP Battalion, memoirs by veterans of the 726th, an audio interview with a veteran, letters from veterans who served in Puerto Rico during World War II, copied documents from the internet and other publications on Puerto Rico, copies of 432 Photographs of various subjects in Puerto Rico, field manuals, and books on Military Police and land warfare.
John W. Downer Collection
John Walker Downer (1881-1977) of Charleston, West Virginia, attended Virginia Military Institute (VMI), Class of ’02, before beginning a long, illustrious military and equestrian career. During WW I he commanded the battalion which fired the first American artillery shot in combat. Downer also participated in the Seventh Olympiad in Antwerp in 1920, as a member of the U.S. equestrian team. The bulk of the collection consists of Photographs of Germany and France taken during and immediately after the war by German photographers. These pictures depict the German military hierarchy and the destruction of the war.
Hazel Ferris and John McKee Dunlap, Jr. Collection
The collection contains nearly fifty War Department manuals from World War II, pamphlets, newsletters, magazines, stamps, a German writing primer, and silk souvenir cards from World War I.
George Elsey was director of the White House Map Room during World War II. Most of the collection pertains to the D-Day landings in Normandy in 1944 including dispatch telegrams from Allied commanders. Other items of note contained in the collection are reports and charts regarding Allied and German preparations for the invasion of Western Europe; joint press statements issued by Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill in 1942; Photographs taken on the D-Day beachheads; and Minutes from Chiefs of Staff meetings in 1942.
Hanson Ely Speeches
The collection consists of two speeches made by Hanson Edward Ely (1867-1958). One speech was given to the Brooklyn Rotary Club in 1929 and deals with WW I and hopes for peace. The second speech was delivered at a Ypres League banquet in 1931 and described the Battle of Ypres and its effect on U.S.-Great Britain relations.
Emmett Stewart Epley
This collection consists of letters exchanged between Emmett Epley and his family members from the fall of 1942 through the end of the Second World War. Epley served as a navigator in the Army Air Corps, and his letters provide descriptions of his training and service when he was stationed in Guam, and flew 35 combat missions over Japan. His family letters offer details, often quite colorful, of life on the Montana home front during those years.
European Recovery Plan Commemoratives
The collection consists of copies of speeches and papers presented to commemorate the 20th anniversary of GCM’s European Recovery Plan speech at Harvard University. Included is material from a colloquium in Brussels, ceremonies in Bonn and Vienna, luncheons in Paris, and a commemoration at Harvard.
Gordon A. Ewing Collection
This collection of 3 boxes includes material about RIAS, “Radio in American Sector”, in Berlin from 1949 to 1957. Gordon Ewing was director of this organization. Documents include biographical material, letters, RIAS reports and organizational material, newspaper/magazine clippings and radio scripts in English and German, a 1981 RIAS interview with Ewing, and a RIAS scrapbook.
James B. Faichney Collection
The collection consists of clippings, publicity, and scripts generated during the making of the CBS news documentary about GCM called “The General”, produced and directed by James B. Faichney. Remarks by Faichney, as well as the transcript of a taped interview with him, are also included.
Handy B. Fant Papers
The Handy B. Fant papers consist of War Department bulletins and Infantry School lessons. The War Department bulletins include reports prepared in 1940 by the Military Intelligence Division covering such topics as French artillery, German Air and Army signals, Fifth Column activity, and rations in the German Army.
John M. Ferguson Collection
John Ferguson served in China during World War II. This small collection contains an unofficial history of the Executive Headquarters, Peiping, China, along with a few news clippings and a photograph.
Robert J. Fischer Papers
The papers consist of WW I intelligence and training material collected by Robert J. Fischer during his service in France. The material falls into two series, American records and German ones. The U.S. material consists of intelligence documents, official communiqués, memos, and reports as well as notebooks kept by Fischer in the field. The German material includes Divisional Orders (January-June 1918); War Orders (May-September 1915); Weekly Reports (July 1917-May 1918); as well as personal correspondence and propaganda.
Allan C. Fisher Collection
Allan Fisher, Jr. was an editorial correspondent for the National Geographic Society during the 1950s. In 1957 he was a ghostwriter for General Marshall in an article concerning the American Battle Monuments Commission which Marshall chaired from 1949-1959. The collection contains the 1957 Battle Monuments article and a letter written by Fisher to Marshall.
P. Stockton Fleming Collection
Thomas K. Ford Collection
Thomas K. Ford was a writer and editor for the Foreign Policy Association at the time of the Marshall Plan. He produced a number of information pamphlets for different European countries on the benefits and workings of the Marshall Plan. He later served in the Scandinavian Information Service Center in Copenhagen, Denmark. The collection contains a number of original booklets and pamphlets detailing the implementation of the Marshall Plan in Europe. One set of pamphlets is written in Italian while most of the materials are written in Danish. In addition to the pamphlets, the collection also contains correspondence, articles, newspaper clippings and a newspaper article from Marshall’s time as Secretary of State entitiled “This Generation’s Chance for Peace.”
Foreign Economic Association Draft Report
This report is a draft of a staff paper for the Foreign Economic Association prior to its termination at the end of WW II. Written by Walter K. Schwinn, David Gordon, Roy Dangerfield, and Askley E. Bayne, the report provides an overview of the economic intelligence operations of BEW/FEA during the years of U.S. involvement in the war.
William C. Foster Collection
Foster served as the first Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (1962-1968). Much of his life was devoted to issues of arms control and peaceful use of nuclear power. Foster also served as Deputy Secretary of Defense (1951-1953) during much of the Korean War. The bulk of the collection relates to arms control. The establishment of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency is well documented, along with Foster’s participation in the Eighteen Nation Disarmament Committee.
Robert J. Franklin Papers
Robert J. Franklin (1892-1968) served as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 80th Division, 317th Regiment in France during WW I. In 1918 he became an instructor in La Valbonne until his discharge in 1919. The collection consists of Franklin’s notes on his WW I French experience, including discussions of air raids and troop movements; combat training notes made by Franklin; military orders; and newspaper clippings on the “Lynchburg boys”.
Friedman Cryptologic Collection
This collection consists of material pertaining to either the science of cryptology or William F. Friedman, one of the foremost American cryptographers. The largest portion of this collection consists of copies of NSA/CSS documents made available to the National Archives. These Signal Research Histories (SRH), which all pertain to WW II intelligence matters, include articles and lectures by Friedman, Japanese diplomatic messages, reports on various wartime intelligence agencies, and copies of GCM correspondence concerning MAGIC and ULTRA. Also included are a scrapbook kept by amateur cryptanalyst Howard T. Oakley on the various applications of codes and a series of book reviews of David Kahn’s The Codebreakers.
Elizebeth Smith Friedman Collection
Wife of William F. Friedman, Elizebeth Friedman was an expert crypologist in her own right. She played a leading role in cracking criminal and military codes and was a pioneer in government crypology. Elizebeth Friedman collaborated with her husband on The Shakespearean Ciphers Examined as well as studying the Beale Treasure and the Voynich Manuscript. The collection contains correspondence, government files, personal investigations, personal materials, newspaper clippings, and journals.
William F. Friedman Papers
William Frederick Friedman (1891-1969) was an American cryptologist, considered by experts to be the greatest of all time. The papers consist of general correspondence (1942-1969); government service papers; Congressional Relief Bill material; patents; speeches and writing; numerically indexed papers; and photographs. Correspondence with cryptographers of national and international renown can also be found. Friedman’s private cryptological work on such subjects as the Voynich manuscripts, codes and ciphers of ancient cultures, and the authorship of Shakespeare’s work are also treated in the collection. Also to be found is a personal library of 110 linear feet, 18 linear feet of vertical file material, and 12 linear feet of artifacts.
Harold S. Frum Manuscript
In “The Soldier Must Write” Harold S. Frum details, through edited letters, his experiences in WW II. Included are discussions of life at Camp Reynold, PA and Birmingham, England, as well as V-E Day experiences in Germany.
Mary Fourqurean Fry Collection
The collection consists of clippings, photographs, programs, pamphlets, correspondence, and poetry collected by Mary Fourqurean Fry, a member of the first WAAC officer training class in Des Moines, IA. Documented are WAAC and WAC enlistment procedures and Officer Training Program; life at Camp Upton, NY; overseas service at Naples, Italy; and the formation of the WAC Mothers Club.
Philip E. Gallagher Papers
Primarily correspondence, the majority of the collection deals with the efforts of Philip Edward Gallagher (1897-1976), a West Point graduate and career Army officer, to get into Command and General Staff School, and the part GCM played in helping him achieve this goal.
Laurence Gardner Collection
The donor’s grandfather both collected and took photographs during WWI, documenting the large weapons used by the Allies. The collection is comprised of 36 photographs of: World War I era tanks and large guns; French troops; French cathedrals. and homes at Reins, Tours, and Savigny; and a large hot air balloon.
Herman C. Gauch Collection
Shortly after the Pearl Harbor attack, Herman Gauch was drafted and elected to serve in the Navy. This collection contains a 54 page text that narrates in detail his experiences from boot camp to his term as petty officer in charge of the main engine room aboard LST 506 to his separation from service in 1946.
C.J. George Collection
The collection covers various aspects of the career of Clarence James George, who served as aide to GCM and was later the secretary of the Marshall Foundation. Letters pertain to GCM’s funeral, John J. McCloy receiving the AUSA George C. Marshall Award in 1961, and personal correspondence from Marshall S. Carter.
Andrew J. Goodpaster Collection
Andrew Goodpaster graduated from the United States Military Academy (USMA) in 1939 and served in World War II. After the war, Goodpaster served in the War Department, with the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and at the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE). From 1969-1974 Goodpaster served as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe and then as Superintendent of USMA until his retirement in 1981. The Goodpaster Papers are arranged in two parts. The bulk of the collection was donated before his death and consist of materials from his childhood and collegiate life; and from his professional appointments to include his service with the Eisenhower administration. The second and smaller part of the collection was donated after his death and consists of materials from his home office. These include correspondence, speeches, and papers from the many projects he was involved with. There is also an extensive collection of newspaper articles covering many topics ranging from the dropping of the atomic bomb to the Vietnam era including treatment of POWs. There is also a series of interviews with General Goodpaster conducted by Kenneth Mandel and James McCall between 2001 and 2004.
Lewis Coleman Gordon Papers
Lewis Coleman Gordon (1896-1951), a career Army officer with the 4th Engineers, to his parents while he was stationed in France and Germany during WW I. It describes the daily life of a soldier.
Great Project Film Co., Inc.
Great Projects Film Company of New York City produced a PBS documentary entitled “George C. Marshall and the Twentieth Century.” It first aired in 1993 and again in 1994. The collection contains transcribed interviews as well as a typescript of the video. Interviews were conducted with the following: Herman ABS, Henri ALPHAND, Larry BLAND, Marshall CARTER, Clark CLIFFORD, King CONSTANTINE, Lord FRANKS, Pamela HARRIMAN, William J. HEFFNER, Sir Ian JACOB, Leonard MIALL, Mona NASON, Paul H. NITZE, Merrill PASCO, Madge PENDLETON, Forrest POGUE, General Matthew RIDGWAY, Dean RUSK, Eric SEVAREID, Vernon WALTERS, Rose Page WILSON, Molly WINN, and Katherine WINSTON.
George J. Green Collection
George Green served with the U.S. Marine Corps during World War II and was stationed in San Diego, Iceland, New Zealand, and Guadalcanal. He fought in the battles of Bougainville, Guam, and Iwo Jima. The collection focuses mainly on Iwo Jima when Green served in the 3rd Battalion, 21st Marines. The collection contains three audio tapes recorded by Mr. Green about his life and experiences, especially those of the battle of Iwo Jima. Also included are notes by Green about his service, and an article written by his Battalion Commander.
Leslie R. Groves Collection
Leslie Richard Groves (1896-1970) was the military commander of the Manhattan Engineering District – the atomic bomb project. He oversaw the production and testing of the first atomic bomb, working closely with J. Robert Oppenheimer and other scientists at Los Alamos, New Mexico. Following publication of his book, Now It Can Be Told, in 1962, Groves put twenty-one of the documents pertaining to the Manhattan Project into a scrapbook. Included are the memo requesting Groves for special duty, the messages for President Truman at Potsdam, the memo for Secretary Stimson regarding the testing of the bomb and its effect, as well as documents concerning the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Doris C. Hafle Collection
Doris Coffey Hafle was born in Lexington, Virginia and enlisted in the WAAC in 1943. The collection consists of Coffey family history, and newspaper clippings, brochures, photographs, and other military memorabilia of Hafle’s time in the WAAC.
Franz Halder Diaries
Franz Halder, Chief of the General Staff of the Supreme Command of the Army of Germany (1939-1942), kept a personal war diary concerning conferences, staff talks, and lectures. Between 1938 and 1941 the entries take the form of notes, but after 1941 they become more personal in nature, creating a more well rounded diary. Both the French and Russian campaigns are discussed as they evolved. The diary is a typescript of an English translation.
William & Lorenzo Hall Collection
This collection contains correspondence between brothers William and Lorenzo Hall and their sister Anna during World War I. It also includes letters to their parents and hometown friends. The letters illustrate the family devotion during the war and provide a snapshot of this crucial period in United States history.
Laurence Halstead Collection
The collection consists of diary pages written by Laurence Halstead (1875-1953) during his first tour of duty after graduating from West Point in 1899. They cover his return from Puerto Rico in 1900 and his trip to China in 1913. Also found are correspondence from GCM to Halstead and to Mrs. Mervin Mous, and a copy of Bronc magazine from the Philippines. All papers are photocopies.
Frances S. Hamann Collection
The collection contains items that mostly belonged to Lieutenant Harold C. Thomas of the United States Coast Guard who served during the latter years of World War II. The collection contains a series of manuals, postcards, photographs, memos, certificates, and newspapers.
Hammersley Photograph Collection
E. Howard Hammersley entered the Army Air Corps in 1942 and graduated from their photo school. He served thirty-eight months in England, Africa, and Italy finishing his World War II duty as chief photo officer of the Mediterranean Allied Air Forces. He flew more than forty combat missions capturing the danger of aerial warfare in grisly detail. The collection contains photographs taken by Hammersley during World War II.
Thomas T. Handy Papers
Thomas Troy Handy (1892-1982) served in the Army during both world wars, achieving the rank of General in 1945. During World War II, Handy served as the Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations and Deputy Chief of Staff under GCM. From 1949-1954, Handy was stationed in Germany, serving as Commander-in-Chief of the U. S. troops in Europe in the NATO command and as the deputy Commander-in-Chief of the U. S. European command. The collection documents cover these three phases of Handy’s career and consists mainly of correspondence. A small section is devoted to material between Handy and general officers including Truscott, Ridgway, and Patton concerning the waging of battles during World War II. Material from the 1949-1954 period consists mainly of routine office and social correspondence.
Collas G. Harris Papers
Collas G. Harris (1906-1981) was born in Staunton, Virginia and graduated from the Augusta Military Academy in 1928 and attended Washington & Lee University. From 1933-1934, Harris served as Assistant to the Executive Secretary in Charge of Personnel at the Federal Emergency Relief Administration. He served as Executive and Budget Officer at the National Archives from 1934-1942. These papers constitute the bulk of this collection and consist of annual and quarterly reports, correspondence, and memos. From 1942-1948, Harris served in the Air Force and also worked at the Supreme Commander of Allied Powers Headquarters in Tokyo. The material collected here consists of correspondence, lectures, lesson plans, memo, and project reports. Also included is his 201 file. Harris returned to the National Archives in 1948 and remained there until 1952 as Director of Administrative Services. Several boxes of clippings concerning the National Archives and various publications constitute the remainder of the collection.
Frederick Harris Collection
Frederick M. Harris served as as a lieutenant with the 15th Infantry Regiment in Tientsin, China, in the 1920s. Among his superiors were then-Lieutenant Colonel George C. Marshall and then-Major Joseph W. Stillwell. The collection contains correspondence (1961-1967), typescripts of articles, and publications concerning his service in China. Harris later described his China experiences in three articles that mention Marshall and Stillwell. Other items in the collection is a memoir by Charles G. Finney, The Old China Hands, describing his service with the 15th Infantry; Edwin Forrest Harding’s book of poems, including one by Marshall, and the 15th Infantry’s Snapshots of China, a book of reproduced photographs.
Hugh Harvey Collection
Born in McComb, Mississippi in 1924, Hugh Harvey spent two semesters at the Army Specialized Training Program in Ypsilanti, Michigan with additional graduate studies at the Agriculture Department in Washington, D.C. In 1943 he started basic training at Camp Wolters, Texas and served in the First Battalion of the 318th Infantry Regiment of the 80th Division. In Germany in the fall of 1944 he was wounded in the leg, received treatment, but eventually lost the leg in 1947. This collection contains an 11 page, typed narrative “Excerpts from ‘My Story'” that he wrote for his grandchildren as a chronicle of his war experiences.
Frank B. Hayne Papers
Correspondence of Frank Brevard Hayne (1891-1980) and GCM between 1933 and 1940 forms the bulk of the collection. Hayne served with Marshall in China, 1927-1930. All but one of these letters were written by GCM to Hayne. Also included are two letters from Hayne to his wife, Anne Dulaney Hayne, a letter from GCM to Rozier Dulaney, and 1940 correspondence by Hayne concerning property to be purchased by the Marshalls. Hayne’s 1975 recollections of GCM and a playbill of Marshall’s 1927 pay, “At the Customs”, round out the collection.
George R.D. Hedrick Collection
George Hedrick served on the U.S. Air Force, Local Board No. 109 in Virginia. The collection contains magazines, pamphlets, booklets, posters, and photocopies of personal materials, such as a diary and flight log.
Wilson A. Heefner Collection
Dr. Wilson Heefner’s book, Patton’s Bulldog: The Life and Service of General Walton H. Walker, is a biography of General Walker, who led the XX Corps in the vanguard of Patton’s Third Army through France, Germany, and Austria in World War II, and who commanded the Eighth Army and saved the Pusan Perimeter during the Korean War. The collection contains the research material Dr. Heefner used for his book as well as the bound and fully annotated manuscript.
William J. Heffner Collection
William J. Heffner was the assigned chauffeur for General George C. Marshall from 1948 until Marshall’s death in 1959. He was also a member of the Headquarters Company, U.S. Army Service Center for the Armed Forces and was awarded the Certificate for Outstanding Service upon his retirement in April 1960. The collection contains correspondence, photographs, newspaper clippings, publications relating to Marshall, lectures by or relating to Marshall, and miscellaneous items belonging to Heffner.
Louise Henshaw Collection
This collection contains newspaper clippings collected by Louise Henshaw during the World War II era. Subject areas include Japan, China, Cassino, Mussolini, the Japanese and German surrenders, and collected articles from the period columnists Ernie Pyle, Tom Treanor, and Raymond Clapper.
Arthur Herling Collection
Arthur Herling was stationed in the Pacific Theatre during World War II. This small collection contains a series of photographs taken in Colorado, Hawaii, Guam and occupied Japan.
Leo Hershfield Collection
Leo Hershfield was a nationally known illustrator of books and magazines, as well as a cartoonist and caricaturist. He sketched Congressional hearings and other trials where cameras were not allowed. The collection contains ten sketches, including two of Eisenhower, two of MacArthur, and one of General Marshall. The remaining sketches are of other World War II army figures.
George B. Hightower Collection
George Hightower served in the China-Burma-India Theatre during World War II with the “Flying Tigers” of the 14th Air Force under the command of General Claire L. Chennault. The collection contains materials that document the activities of the 14th Air Force in China. These materials include books, diaries, newspaper articles, and photocopies of maps.
Roderick S. Hipskind Collection
The 16mm films that Sergeant Roderick S. Hipskind took during his service in World War II document his twenty-one months of service overseers. A native of Indiana, Hipskind entered the service in March 1942 and served with the 636th Tank Destroyer Battalion as a radio operator for the battalion commander. He also sketched maps and overlays for the headquarters operations section. His films document the battalion as they marched from Sicily up through Italy and into southern France. In addition to his skills as an amateur photographer, Hipskind was a featured cartoonist in the Beachhead News. In September 1944 he was awarded the Bronze Star for heroic achievement in combat in Italy.
Oveta Culp Hobby Collection
Oveta Culp Hobby was the first Director of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC). The items in this collection represent her work in this service from 1943 through the 50th anniversary of the Women’s Army Corps in 1992. The collection contains letters, photographs, a poster, newspaper clippings, cards (including one from Mamie Eisenhower), telegrams, a hand-made booklet, and a book on Hobby’s service with the WAAC.
Forrest Hogg Collection
Forrest Hogg was taken prisoner of war during World War II. The collection contains letters, articles, memoirs, and remembrances of this experience.
Frank Lane Holland Collection
Frank Lane Holland (1900-1944) served as an officer stationed in the Philippines during WW II. In 1942 he was captured by the Japanese and participated in the Bataan death march. He subsequently was interned at various prison camps, including Davao. Holland died when a Japanese prison ship was sunk by U.S. air strikes. The collection consists of a diary Holland kept, describing his daily life while in the Philippines, as well as correspondence between Holland and his wife, Dorothy Davis Holland, during this period, and five scrapbooks kept by Mrs. Holland on the Philippines, Bataan, and the Pacific Theater during the war.
Winfield C. Holt Collection
Winfield Holt served in the Pacific Theater during World War II and worked acquiring Japanese intelligence. The collection contains newspapers, booklets, pamphlets, photographs, memos, certificates, and other printed materials. Also included is a set of badges from the Australian Women’s Army Service.
George F. Howe Collection
The collection consists of correspondence and a copy of a Historical Journal of the Tunisian Campaign (1942-1943), kept in French by an unidentified author. The correspondence is between George F. Howe, a staff member with the War Department and later Interior Department, and Charles Nouges, French Resident General in Morocco in 1942. These letters pertain to the circumstances attending the invasion of French North Africa in November 1942 by Allied forces. Howe wrote Nogues preparatory to writing Northwest Africa: Seizing the Initiative in the West for the U.S. Army in World War II series.
Charles Isaacs served in the Coast Guard during World War II. Seventy-five Coast Guard Patrol Frigates were commissioned by the Navy but manned by Coast Guardsmen, of which Isaacs was one. He was a gunner aboard the U.S.S. San Pedro in the Seventh Amphibious Force, Seventh Fleet, under Admiral Barbey. The collection includes photographs, pamphlets, articles, a deck log, and a visual traffic report.
Homer Jansson Collection
Mr. Jansson served in the European Theatre during World War II. The collection includes booklets and training manuals, photographs of the 95th Reconnaissance Troop, a book about the 33rd Division during World War I, and World War I era photographs.
Roger Jeans Collection
Dr. Jeans was a professor of East Asian History at Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia. The collection contains research material for the article “Victims or Victimizers? Museums, Textbooks, and the War Debate in Contemporary Japan,” published in The Journal of Military History 69 (January 2005): 149-196
Raymond Johnson Collection
James E. Johnston Collection
This collection contains photographs that were given to Johnston by his commanding officer. They were taken by the Official Photo Section of the Army Air Corps in Europe. The subject content includes destroyed buildings, trains, and bridges; airfields; military personnel; the hanging of Mussolini; other captured Italian patriots; Europe during World War II; airplanes in flight; and D-Day.
Alfred E. Jones Collection
Alfred Jones lives in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, where General Marshall was raised and made prints of various scenes around town that were part of Marshall’s youth. The collection contains six of these prints depicting life in Uniontown.
Paul M. Jones Collection
Jones was a Photographer’s Mate 2nd class (PhoM2/c) on the aircraft carrier USS Intrepid during World War II. The Intrepid was commissioned in August 1943 and served in the South Pacific during the war. The collection contains photographs and negatives of the Intrepid and the Pacific Theater, photos of the photography shop and other scenes aboard ship, publications about the Intrepid, correspondence, Japanese currency, and newspaper articles.
Hannah Early Karicofe Collection
Hannah Karicofe served with the American Red Cross during the closing phases of WW II and in post-war Europe. The collection includes newspapers, journals, letters, maps, postcards, photographs, and other memorabilia that detail her stay in Europe.
Theodore S. Kenyon Papers
While serving in France with the AEF, Theodore Stanwood Kenyon ( -1978) kept up correspondence with Marian Holden. The letters which make up this collection describe Kenyon’s experiences at Camp Upton, New York; his tour in France; and events on his return to the states. There are both photocopies and handwritten copies of the letters, with the photocopies being more complete.
W. Houston Kenyon, Jr. Collection
Peter Kim Collection
Kim was born in Soonan, Korea, in 1912. He was imprisoned by the Japanese in World War II, escaped, and joined the U.S. Army in the Intelligence Collection Agency. During the Korean War, Kim served with the U.S. Eighth Army as an intelligence officer from November 1950 to June 1952. The collection consists of military records, correspondence, and speeches.
D.M. King Collection
The collection consists of material collected by Dale Maxwell King (1905- ) while he was commanding officer of the Wehrmacht Proving Grounds at Hillersleben, Germany, in 1945, and contains 9th Army operation orders, 265th field artillery battalion orders, daily bulletins, and maps.
Barbara A. Knight Collection
The collection contains a commencement program from Pennsylvania College for Women from the 1950 commencement exercises at which George C. Marshall delivered the commencement address as President of the American Red Cross.
John F. Lawrence Collection
John F. Lawrence enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1943 and served in the Pacific Theater during World War II. He was stationed in Hawaii from 1944-45. In 1944 Lawrence was awarded the Good Conduct Medal, the Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal and the Marksman Medal. The collection contains correspondence, General Orders, maps, brochures, photographs, and newspapers.
Howard P. LeCount Collection
Howard P. LeCount served with the 102nd Engineers Regiment in the 27th Division, AEF in France during 1917-19. The collection consists of a diary compiled by LeCount in 1964 from hand-written journals kept during World War I.
Virginia Lee Collection
Virginia Lee was born in Boston in 1915 and joined the army in 1943 (WAC). She served at Camp Crowder, Missouri, New Guinea, the Philippines, and China (Nanking and Shangai) under General George C. Marshall. She died in 1990 and was buried with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetary. The collection contains a guide to China, a certificate and painting from China, and five photograph albums.
Bob LeFever Collection
The collection consists of one 49-page booklet of Bill Mauldin cartoons entitled “Star Spangled Banter” printed in 1944 by the Army Times Publishing Co. in Washington, D.C.
Jack Lieberman Collection
A New York photographer with the Photo Section of the Fort Benning, Georgia Reproductive Plan in 1943, Jack Lieberman (1909- ) photographed the many aspects of Fort Benning. He compiled a book of 56 views showing the post “at rest”. Included in the collection are a copy of Lieberman’s book and clippings about the book and a visit to Fort Benning made by GCM, accompanied by Sir Anthony Eden and Sir John Dill. Photographs of this event can also be found.
Lawrence (L.J.) Lincoln Collection
L.J. Lincoln was chief of the Asiatic Theater Section during World War II and served as General Wedemeyer’s Executive Officer in SEAC. The collection contains correspondence between Judy Munro-Leighton, William McAfee, and L.J. Lincoln concerning the China policy of World War II and copies of de-classified documents related to the China policy
Albert I. Love Collection
Albert Love was a partner in the publishing firm Tupper and Love with Katherine Marshall’s brother, General Tristram Tupper. Tupper and Love had only been in the publishing business one year when they published Mrs. Marshall’s book Together. The collection contains personal letters written to Mr. and Mrs. Love from Mrs. Marshall along with one letter from George C. Marshall, newspaper clippings about the Marshalls and the Shiver family, and a photograph of Mrs. Marshall’s press conference promoting her book.
John P. Lucas Diary
During the 1943 Sicilian Campaign of WW II, John P. Lucas (1890-1949) kept a diary discussing daily events. Included are records of troop movements and staff visits as well as progress of the campaign. The diary is a photocopy.
Stephen Luster Collection
This collection is comprised of handbooks and guideline forms for the Civilian Conservation Corps’ educational program and job placement services. Included are manuals on class attendance and teaching of illiterates, job placement forms, and “Educational Handbooks for Advisors and Enrollers, 1934-1940”. There is also a secondary collection of Stephen Luster contains information on the Marshall Plan and its implementation in the post-World War II era. Many of the booklets are directed at educating the public on the Marshall Plan
Reginald N. MacDonald-Buchanan Papers
The collection consists of copies of notes and correspondence by Reginald Narcissus MacDonald-Buchanan (1898-1981) regarding GCM and his relationship with Sir John Dill. MacDonald-Buchanan was Dill’s aide-de-camp during 1941-1942. Correspondents include Frank McCarthy, Allen Albert Jr.,R.F. Akers Jr., Walter Bedell Smith, and GCM.
Donald Mace Papers
This collection is comprised of handbooks and guideline forms for the Civilian Conservation Corps’ educational program and job placement services. Included are manuals on class attendance and teaching of illiterates, job placement forms, and “Educational Handbooks for Advisors and Enrollers, 1934-1940”.
Henry D. MacNaughton Papers
The collection is made up of a diary complete with sketches, drawings, and notes on aircraft, officers, and billets kept by Henry D. MacNaughton, an Army major during WW I, in 1918. Also included is a dinner menu and passenger list from the USS Pocahontas.
Bernard W. Marchant Scrapbook
Barnard Wilson Marchant (1897-1949), Virginia Military Institute (VMI) ’19, was vice president of the firm Froehling and Robertson, consulting chemists and inspection engineers of Richmond, Virginia. From 1926 until 1949, Marchant kept a scrapbook chronicling the career of GCM and the WW II careers of other VMI alumni.
Vernon and Becky Marker Collection
The collection contains a copy of the V-E Day edition of the Armed Forces newspaper Stars & Stripes, London edition.
George Marlott Diary
George Marlott was a supply sergeant for Company F, 16th Regiment of Engineers. Little is known about his life, except that he had a sweetheart in college, Lela Jane, to whom this diary was sent upon his death. After graduating from college in 1915, he departed for England in August 1917 and was killed overseas. The diary is bound in leather and written in pencil. It contains several photographs, postcards, and other paper souvenirs.
Dr. Irving Marshak Collection
Dr. Irving Marshak served with the U.S. Army Medical Corps during the Allied liberation of Nazi-occupied Europe during 1944-45. Dr. Marshak took several amateur photographs of the scenes of destruction that he encountered across Germany. He was also present at the liberation of the Weimar concentration camp in 1945. The collection contains photographs of destruction in Nurnberg, an abandoned German airfield, and the Weimar concentration camp. The collection also includes a 1984 news article from the “New Haven Journal-Courier” detailing the experiences of Dr. Marshak.
George C. Marshall Collection
This collection consists mostly of GCM’s outgoing correspondence. Nearly all of it is personal in nature, discussing Marshall’s health and trips or notes expressing thanks for gifts or kindnesses received by GCM. There are some fifty correspondents in this collection, among which the most notable are: Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Henry Cabot Lodge, Omar N. Bradley, Claude M. Adams, J. Clifford Miller, C. J. George, Rose Page Wilson, J.Manly Cobb, and Morrison C. Stayer.
George C. Marshall Filmography
A collection of films featuring George C. Marshall. They are housed in the archives at the George C. Marshall Foundation Research Library. Films may be viewed by researchers in the Reading Room during regular business hours.
George C. Marshall Memorial Committee Collection
In 1979 five citizens of Leesburg, Virginia, Benjamin Lawrence, chairman; B. Powell Harrison, treasurer; Huntington Harris; Vinton Liddell Pickens, secretary; and Thomas Kamstra, began a drive to erect a statue in memory of George C. Marshall. During the war years Marshall moved to Leesburg remaining there until his death in 1959.
George C. Marshall Monograph Collection
This currently consists of digitized chapters of Barry Machado’s In Search of a Usable Past: The Marshall Plan and Postwar Reconstruction Today.
George C. Marshall Papers
The papers are divided into twelve groups according to Marshall’s assignments and the offices he held at: Fort Benning, 1932; Fort Screven, 1932-1933; Fort Moultrie, 1933; Illinois National Guard, 1933-1936; Vancouver Barracks, 1936-1938; Pentagon Office (includes deputy Chief of Staff and Chief of Staff period), 1938-1945; China Mission, 1945-1947; Secretary of State, 1947-1948; American Battle Monuments Commission, 1949-1950; American Red Cross, 1949-1950; Secretary of Defense, 1950-1952; and Retirement, 1951-1960. Each subgroup is made up of one or more series, including biographical material; correspondence; shorthand notebooks; speeches; statements and writings; engagement books; and scrapbooks. Included in the online collection are the digital copies of all six published volumes.
George C. Marshall Photographs
The photograph collection of the George C. Marshall Foundation Library and Archives. Includes photos of Marshall during his life, those relevant to his career as well as personal photos of his family.
George Catlett Marshall and Katherine Tupper Marshall Collection
The collection consists of three distinct series of records: the George Catlett Marshall Collection, the Marshall Correspondence Collection, and the Katherine T. Marshall Collection. The George Catlett Marshall Collection consists of records that he acquired throughout his lifetime, from his first Army to retirement.The Marshall Correspondence Collection consists of correspondence files maintained by George Catlett Marshall from 1938 to 1959, which ranges from autograph requests and birthday greetings to personal correspondence and household records. The Katherine Tupper Marshall Collection consists of records that she acquired from the period of George Catlett Marshall’s service as Chief of Staff of the United States Army during World War II through his death. The records relating to the publication of Together: Annals of An Army Wife as well as tributes to George C. Marshall after his death form two distinct subseries within the collection. The types of documents that appear in this collection include correspondence, official documents, textual records, bound volumes, subject files, Photographs and newspaper clippings. Maps and oversized items from this collection are stored separately.
Katherine Tupper Marshall Correspondence Collection
The collection consists of Katherine Tupper Marshall’s outgoing correspondence to friends. Of special interest is a series of letters to Mrs. James Bruce discussing the final illness of GCM (1956-1959). Also included is correspondence with C.J. George, General and Mrs. George Shell, and Forrest C. Pogue.
Katherine Tupper Marshall Papers
The collection is composed primarily of correspondence to Katherine Tupper Marshall (1882-1978). Most of the letters are sympathy notes sent to Mrs. Marshall on the death of her son Allen Tupper Brown; letters sent on the publication of her book Together; and notes concerning the illness of GCM in 1948-1949. The collection also contains invitations, calling cards, and a large number of letters of condolence for Mrs. Marshall following General Marshall’s death in 1959.
Stuart B. Marshall Collection
The collection reflects the interest of Stuart Bradford Marshall (1875-1956), George C. Marshall’s brother, in family history and lives of famous people. Included are correspondence, postcards, clippings, publications by Stuart B. Marshall on famous historical figures, and papers and records of the following families: Bradford, Catlett, Marshall, Stuart, and Taliaferro.
John Marston Family Papers
The Marston family has a long lineage that goes back to John Marston II who fought in the Revolutionary War. John Marston VI was the collector of his family’s papers and the one most represented in the collection. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in 1908 and served in the Marine Corps. In 1937 Marston was the Commanding Officer of the U.S. Marine Forces in North China. He was promoted to Brigadier General in 1940. During World War II he served in the South Pacific and ended his military career as Commanding General, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. He retired in 1946. The collection spans six generations of the Marston family and consists of official and personal correspondence of the Marstons, journals and diaries, newspaper clippings, photographs and engravings, wills, and scrapbooks.
Cecelia B. Martin Collection
Cecilia B. (Jackie) Martin (1904-1969) served in the WAAC and as a war correspondent in WW II. As head of the Photo Branch of the USIS in Paris from 1950-1954, Martin was responsible for the dissemination of photographic material to the U.S. Embassies in Europe. The collection documents the efforts of the Photo Branch to obtain and provide photographic coverage of the U.S. activities in Europe. Included are notebooks prepared by Martin, press releases, plastos and material relating to plastos. Also found are photographs concerning the photographic process and its implementation by the Photo Branch.
Joseph Martin Collection
The collection contains a series of newspapers chronicling events during World War II. It also includes newspapers and other materials relating to the dedication of the George C. Marshall Foundation in 1964.
Frank McCarthy Papers
The papers cover two aspects of the career of Frank McCarthy (1912-1986), who served as Secretary, General Staff, under GCM from 1942-1945. These include his War Department years and his Hollywood career. War Department papers include correspondence, material dealing with inspection trips, arrangements and technical planning for Allied Conferences, speeches, maps, and clippings. McCarthy’s Hollywood career is documented by correspondence (1946-1949) and programs, as well as material relating to three of his films: Patton (1970), MacArthur (1977) and Marshall: Man of Peace, Man of War (not released). These records include correspondence, memos, research material, film scripts, production material, publicity information, and clippings. The Patton material is especially rich, providing a study of the making of a motion picture from start to finish, including research, legal matters, script writing, filming, reviews, and the winning of the Academy Award.
James C. McCracken Collection
James C. McCracken was a member of the 462nd Bomb Group, the “Hellbirds,” as well as the 8th Air Force Mobile Radio Squadron. The 462nd served in China, India and Burma theaters as well as the Pacific. James “Jim” McCracken was in service with the Army-Air Force between the approximate years of 1943 thru 1953. This collection includes memorabilia from the time Mr. McCracken served as well as some of the service records he acquired during his service.
James A. McDonough Collection
Colonel James McDonough served with the 5th Armored Division in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. This small collection contains training materials from the 5th Training Regiment held in 1945.
Martha Rector McGee Papers
The collection is made up of letters, magazines, and newspaper clippings dealing with Martha Frost Rector’s career as a Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps members, as well as information on WAACs, recruiting advertisements, and wartime material. Rector was a member of the WAAC recruiting staff in the Arkansas district.
W.E. McGillicuddy Diary
Dr. W.E. McGillicuddy’s diary describes his voyage from New York to Liverpool, England; the journey across England to Southampton, where he crossed to France; and the trip through France to Vittel, a village 35 miles from the Western Front. The diary is a day by day account of his experiences on theFront. He describes the quality of life in WW I hospitals, including daily routine, problems, patient care, and the physical and social means people used to cope. The diary also notes the number of patients coming in and out of Vittel hospitals over a period of time, patient transportation, diseases, and evacuation and destruction of hospitals. There is a name index to the diary in the collection.
William W. Mears Collection
This collection consists of 120 official U.S. Army Photos divided into six sets.
Lawrence Michael Papers
The collection is made up of a variety of American Expeditionary Force material collected by Lawrence Michael (1900- ). He served as warrant officer attached to John J. Pershing’s headquarters in Chaumont, France. Included are pamphlets on the AEF and its history; maps of depots and supply outlets;a booklet on the bombing of Paris; operational notes and maps from Chateau-Thierry, St. Mihiel Salient, and the Meuse-Argonne offensive; and a lecture on French and German operations before Verdun.
Charles B. Miller Collection
In 1938 the VMI Corps (Virginia Military Institute) attended the VMI-Clemson game in Charlotte, North Carolina; in 1940 they returned to see the VMI-Davidson game. Charles B. Miller, president of the Charlotte chapter of the VMI alumni, arranged for GCM to attend the Davidson game. After each game Miller saved clippings from Charlotte papers and the VMI Cadet.
Crosby Park Miller Collection
This small collection contains one After Action Report concerning 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 7th Division in the Chosen Reservoir during the autumn of 1950 in the Korean War. There is also a photocopy of a map of the Changjin Reservoir area.
Francis Pickens Miller Papers
Francis Pickens Miller (1895-1978), a Kentucky native, had a long career of military and public service. After graduating from Washington and Lee University in 1914, Miller served in France with the AEF. Following WW I Miller was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University. During WW II Miller worked in military intelligence for both OSS and SHAEF. Virginia politics attracted Miller in the 1950s. In1949 he unsuccessfully challenged John Battle for the Democratic nomination for governor; in 1952 Miller unsuccessfully ran for the U.S. Senate. The collection consists largely of material relating to Colonel Miller’s military career. Included is information of Miller’s WW I service in the artillery; his WW II career in military intelligence (at both OSS and SHAEF); the Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS); the Senate Investigation of the National Defense Program (1946-1947); and the Army Reserve, Virginia Military District. Miller’s personal file, 1944-1952, and a General File are also included. The collection is arranged chronologically by subject and is divided into seven series. Items in the collection are: military intelligence reports (including information of OSS Operation Sussex, and the attempted assassination of Hitler in July 1944); correspondence; orders; Senate testimony and reports; newsletters; bulletins; maps; photographs; Hitler memorabilia; pamphlets; notes; passes; I.D. cards; and receipts. Papers dealing with Miller’s political career are at the Alderman Library at the University of Virginia.
John S. Minary Psychological Warfare Collection
John S. Minary was a member of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in the Psychological Warfare Department. His collection consists of 129 foreign language propaganda leaflets, booklets, and pamphlets prepared by the Psychological Warfare Department. The pamphlets, primarily in German, French, English, Polish, Russian, Italian, Serbian, and Dutch, targeted the psyche of the German Soldiers by convincing them that continuing to fight the war was useless and surrendering would render them more capable of aiding Germany’s reconstruction after the war. These leaflets were created to be dispersed before the defeat of Germany and after the invasion of Normandy.
Franklin Benedict Morgan Collection
Robert Bruce Morrison Collection
Morrison was a member of the Washington and Lee University Section of the U.S. Ambulance Corps in Lexington, Virginia during World War I. He later was moved to a training camp in Allentown, Pennsylvania in 1917. In late spring of 1918, his unit was sent to “somewhere in France.” The collection contains letters, postcards, and newspaper clippings. There are two documents from the 1960s that consist of photos, remembrances, and itineraries that focus on W & L Ambulance Corps reunions.
C.S. Mullen Diaries
Claree Sutton Mullen (1884-1976) graduated from Virginia Military Institute in the Class of 1903. He was the first chief engineer of the Virginia Highway Department, serving in that capacity from 1924-1954. Mullen’s diaries illustrate the growth of the state and the events of those years as well as the business affairs and life of Mullen.
John W. Murphy Collection
John William Murphy was born in Avoca, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania on April 26, 1902. He attended public schools and graduated from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1926. Murphy obtained his law degree and passed the bar in 1929. He first practiced law in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and was the assistant district attorney of Lackawanna County from 1934-1941. Murphy, a Democrat, was elected as the representative of Pennsylvania’s 11th congressional district for the seventy-eighth and seventy-ninth Congress (1943-1946). During 1945-1946 he served on the Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack. Murphy resigned from Congress in 1946 after being nominated by President Harry S. Truman to serve as judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania. In 1955 he became Chief Judge, a position which held until his death in Scranton, Pennsylvania, on March 28, 1962. The collection primarily consists of a 14-volume set of galley proofs of transcripts from the hearings conducted by the Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack.
This collection of approximately 1,000,000 pages of copied material was created by the Marshall Foundation to augment GCM’s personal papers. The Foundation wished to assemble as complete a record as possible from the official files of the various agencies in which Marshall worked. Most of this material comes from official files of the Army, War Department, State Department, and Defense Department, which are in the custody of the National Archives. Also included here are material published on microfilm by the National Archives and the National Historical Publications Commission (“F.D.R. Press Conferences”, “National War College Periodical Index”), published microfilm from others sources (e.g., The Stimson Diaries); periodicals on microfilm (Army and Navy Journal, Military Review, etc.); finding aids from other institutions; doctoral dissertations and other scholarly writings; portions of GCM’s personal papers and correspondence with or about GCM sent to biographer Forrest C. Pogue. Note: Until 1985, this collection was referred to as the “Research File”.
Naval History Division – Classified Archives
The collection consists of copies of Naval records pertaining to the naval battles of WW II. Included is material on Guadalcanal, Midway, the Solomon Islands, Leyte Gulf, and Wake Island campaigns.
Otto L. Nelson, Jr. Collection
Nelson served on the General Council of the War Department and was instrumental in the reorganization of the Army during WW II. Included in the collection are minutes of the General Council, reorganization material, and his later involvement in Civil Defense. The collection is divided into military, civil defense, papers and speeches, and miscellaneous documents.
Floyd D. Newkirk Collection
Floyd Newkirk fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill during the Korean War and was wounded there in September 1952. The collection contains newspaper clippings, articles, map, videotape, and surrender leaflets relating to the Bunker Hill battle.
Charles R. Newman Collection
Lieutenant Newman served with the 4th Armored division during World War II. The collection contains papers and published materials relating to the World War II combat history of the 4th Armored Division
Joe A. Noake Collection
The collection consists of a letter, clipping and a memo concerning WW I. The letter is from Rober McCleave to Joe Noake reminiscing about their WW I service in France together. The memo and clipping concern McCleave and his being awarded the Distinguished Service Medal.
Benjamin H. Nolte Collection
Benjamin H. Nolte (1892-1947) served in the 441 Truck Company of the 8th Corps AEF. The collection consists of several historical sketches of the Truck Company written by Nolte and others; a photograph album showing American servicemen and the destruction of Europe; and an issue of The Octagon, the 8th Corps newspaper, from April 1918.
William C. Norby Philatelic Collection
A collection of stamps in four binders that commemorate the Marshall Plan era.
William L. Orten Collection
William Orten served with the 29th Field Observation Battalion during the U.S. Army occupation of Austria from 1945-1947. Mr. Orten has also compiled materials pertaining to the liberation and occupation of Austria by the U.S. Army into a “Research Project.” The collection contains papers and published materials related to this period as well as one copy of Mr. Orten’s “Research Project,” and a 1997 article from the “Austrian Information” about the 50th Anniversary of the Marshall Plan.
John H. (Jack) Page Collection
The collection contains three World War II ration books, two booklets containing facsimiles of the German and Japanese surrender documents, and four photographs taken at the unveiling of these documents at the National Archives, September 12, 1945. Mr. Page’s grandfather, Thad Page, was Administrative Secretary of the National Archives at that time.
John McAuley Palmer Papers
The collection consists mainly of letters of John McAuley Palmer (1870-1955) to his children and wife Maud, and letters exchanged between Palmer and GCM. The letters are mostly personal, with comments about family, friends, and events. Also included are Henry Stimson’s final news conference statement (1945), a biographical news release on Wade Haislip’s retirement, and a letter from Walter Grant to Palmer concerning a reception for John J. Pershing at Washington’s Union Station (1919).
John C. Parker Collection
Mr. Parker was graduated from Virginia Military Institute and attended law school at the University of Virginia before joining the U.S. Army Air Corps and serving in France during World War I. Commissioned at first lieutenant, Mr. Parker took up the practice of general law in Franklin, Virginia after his return. During World War II, he was assistant coordinator for civil defense and chairman of the Southampton County Selective Service Board. In addition, he was a director of the George C. Marshall Research Foundation. This collection consists of documents and memorabilia of General Marshall as well as general correspondence and meeting minutes.
Leon B. Parker Collection
Leon Parker was a bombardier with the 885th Bomber Squadron, 15th Air Force during World War II and flew over 50 combat missions in Africa, the Middle East, and Italy. After the war, Parker remained in the Air Force and was stationed at Fort Bragg, 1961-1963. The collection contains award certificates, flight records from World War II, personal materials, and technical education documents.
David Walker Paulette Papers
A Farmville, VA, pharmacist in civilian life, David Walker Paulette (1891-1968) served in both World Wars. During WW I he was connected with Company M, 113th Infantry, 29th Division, stationed in France. In WW II he was assigned to the Office of Civilian Defense until 1944; the European Civil Affairs Division until 1945; and the Tokyo-Kanagawa Military Government District (1947-1949). The papers consist of personnel records of Company M and documents relating to its activities in France (1918-1919); and Paulette’s military records from WW II and the postwar years, including copies of special orders, memos, financial and medical records. Also found is a transcript of a 1975 interview with Paulette’s widow, Frances H. Paulette.
William D. Pawley Collection
William Douglas Pawley (1896-1977) had a long and active business and diplomatic career. He was instrumental in organizing the Flying Tigers, an American volunteer aviation group, for the defense of China in the late 1930s. Following WW II Pawley served as Ambassador to Brazil and Peru, and as a special assistant to both Secretaries of State and Defense in the 1950s. The collection consists of official correspondence from GCM, Robert A. Lovett, and Dwight D. Eisenhower, and personal correspondence from GCM and Katherine Tupper Marshall. Also included is a 1974 draft of a book he hoped to publish, Russia is Winning, and several other unpublished writings.
Wilfred W. Peak Collection
The collection contains a “Secret Periodic Intelligence Digest,” dated January 24, 1945 — August 20, 1945, which includes documents detailing various events and actions of World War II in the Pacific Theater through reports on enemy (Japanese) operations, Allied air strikes, casualty counts, and more.
Gardner W. Pearson Papers
The Pearson papers document the military career of Gardner W. Pearson (1869-1953) as well as his service as Adjutant General of Massachusetts. The collection consists of congratulatory correspondence and printed material, mainly clippings.
Peiping Headquarters Group – Historical Report
Orders, reports, observers’ statements, telegrams, Truce Team Commanders’ day-to-day diaries, and staff officers’ notes kept during a three-month period (April-June 1946) of GCM’s China Mission.
Robert Peniston Collection
The collection contains photographs taken on board the USS Williamsburg during a conference between President Harry S. Truman, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, and American Secretary of State Dean Acheson. The collection also includes an excerpt from a book American Naval Fighting Ships about the USS Williamsburg.
Anne Scarborough Philbin Collection
Anne Scarborough Philbin was a journalist for the Baltimore News-Post during World War II. She reported on war-time Baltimore, the Women’s Army Corps, and military campaigns in the European Theatre, particularly the Saar Campaign of 1944. The collection contains articles written by Philbin as well as photographs, personal and journalistic materials from the Cold War, and letters recounting the service of General Tobias R. Philbin in the 95th Division.
Denny D. Pidhayny Collection
Denny D. Pidhayny served with the 58th Bomber Wing, 20th Air Force, during World War II and flew B-29 Superfortress missions in the China-Burma-India Theatre (CBI) and on the Marianas. The collection includes various items pertaining to the archives of the 58th Bomber Wing as well as period materials. There is a manuscript of the 468 H-Bomb Group as well as audio and video tapes commemorating the events and stories of the men who served in the CBI and the Marianas.
Edward L. Pine Collection
Edward L. Pine served with the Signal Corps in the headquarters of General Omar N. Bradley’s 1st United States Army Group and 12th United States Army Group from March 1944 to May 1945 in the European Theatre of Operations. The collection contains one photograph of the May 1945 Commanding General and Staff Section Chiefs, Headquarters 12th Army Group.
Pocket Language Guide Collection
These small booklets were published by the War Department during World War II as cultural and language guides for soldiers. The Pocket Guides advise soldiers on cultural expectations in a foreign territory, both enemy and friendly. The Language Guides include hints on pronunciation, useful words and phrases commonly used, a description of local currency, and a word list. The collection includes language and pocket guides to various countries during the World War II period.
The George C. Marshall Foundation Research Library holds an oral history collection of taped interviews of associates of General Marshall conducted by Dr. Forrest Pogue. This collection also contains notes made by Dr. Pogue during these interviews. Interviews are alphabetical by last name. Each leads to a summary page containing a brief biographical sketch of the interviewee and a summary of the topics covered. For interviews where copyright permission has been granted, full transcripts and audio downloads are available. Transcripts that are not published online may be obtained by contacting the library staff.
Frank W. Price Papers
Frank Wilson Price (1895-1974) was a missionary in the Presbyterian Church, serving in China (1923-1952) as an educator at Nanking Theological Seminary and West China Union University; as organizer of rural religious and social programs; as an adviser and personal friend to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek; as adviser to the Chinese delegation of the San Francisco UNCIO Conference in 1945 and as adviser to Chinese officials in the Foreign Affairs Bureau of the National Military Council. The post-1949 material includes items from his period in Red China, as Moderator of the Presbyterian Church (Southern), as Director of the Missionary Research Library in New York, his study trips to South East Asia in the early 60’s, and his retirement. The collection contains many articles from the 1930’s to the 1960’s, many of which give an insight into the political and social life in China during that period. Price was one of the last Americans to leave the mainland after the Communist takeover in 1949. The collection contains information on his work and on the situation in China during the Chinese Revolution. Included is correspondence with GCM, Patrick Hurley, Arthur H. Vandenburg, Dean Acheson, A.C. Wedemeyer, Harry Stimson, Chang Chung, T.V. Soong, and Chiang Kai-shek. Also found are journals kept by Price from 1937-1946 andnotes he made on China. There is an extensive series of Chiang Kai-shek material covering his personal life and speeches. Two Chinese language publications round out the collection: Tzu Shih Ching Hua (Essentials and Ornaments from Philosophical and Historical Texts) 3 volumes, and P’ei Wen Yun Fu (Famous Quotations and Literary Allusions) 16 volumes.
Harry B. Price Collection
The Harry Bayard Price Papers include correspondence, interviews, memoranda, press releases, and reports of people who were directly connected with the Marshal Plan in preparation for Price’s writing of The Marshall Plan and Its Meaning. This material spans the dates 1951-1955. The collection also contains a typed draft of Price’s manuscript, charts, records, and other printed material related to the book. The correspondence portion deals with comments, criticisms, and notes concerning Price’s rough draft. Of special interest are the correspondence of Dean Acheson, Erik Brofoss, Harlan Cleveland, Brice M. Mace, Jr., Peter Odegard, Henry Tasca, and GCM. Additionally, there is a good bibliography on the ECA. The second portion of the collection contains interviews conducted with persons both in the U.S. and in Europe concerning the Marshall Plan and its implementation. Of special interest here are the interviews with Harlan Cleveland, Richard Bissell, W. Averell Harriman, Samuel Van Hyning, Dean Acheson, Paul Hoffman, and GCM. The third portion of the collection contains miscellaneous items, including a typed final draft of the Price book, a chronology of the ECA project, telephone directories, and economic charts used by Price.
Philip F. Price Collection
Dr. P. Frank Price served as a missionary in China from 1890-1941 with the Presbyterian Church U.S. (Southern). He lived and worked first in Kashing Province and later in Nanking where he was a professor of systematic theology at Nanking Theological Seminary. In Nanking, he founded and edited a weekly publication, Notes and Notices, that gave a summary of religious and community news. He experienced the Boxer Rebellion, the Chinese Revolution, anti-foreigner demonstrations, and the Japanese invasion of China in 1937. After retiring from China in 1941, Dr. Price lived in Florence, South Carolina until his death in 1954. The collection contains correspondence, articles, newspaper clippings, manuscripts, pamphlets, diaries, photographs, and journals.
Leonard U. Pritt Collection
The collection is composed of directories of the 101st Airborne Association; the Association’s constitution and by-laws; and correspondence between Henry T. Gorrell, editor of Veteran’s Report, and veterans, including letters from Maxwell D. Taylor and Omar N. Bradley.
The collection consists of pieces of propaganda used by the United States, Japan, and Germany during WW II. The American items are anti-Japanese in nature and include a “Jap Hunting License” and a Bomb Tokyo offer; while the Axis propaganda consists of fliers directed at the fighting men, urging them to surrender.
Jack Holmes Pulliam Collection
As an Army paratrooper during World War II, Jack Pulliam was a German prisoner of war having been captured in Belgium on January 7, 1945. This collection contains an account of his capture and his subsequent escape.
Jack E. Pulwers Collection
Jack Pulwers taught for twenty years and spent sixty years of his life doing public service as Chief of Broadcasting of Armed Forces Radio and Television Service, as well as in the Office of Assistant Secretary of Public Affairs, the Department of Defense, the Office of Chief of Military History, and the Department of the Army Public Affairs. He also spent nine years as News Director at ABC Television. The collection contains reprints that cover military history from ancient times through World War II, memoirs, letters, and essays.
Quartermaster Corps – Technical Branch Collection
Material in this collection relates to the Technical Branch of the Quartermaster Corps, which was responsible for organizing Army exhibits before and after WW II. Subjects addressed include Army exhibits, World’s Fairs of 1935 and 1940, QMC performance, and press releases. A small amount of personal memorabilia and correspondence of Henry U. Milne, a Branch employee, is also part of this collection.
A unique collection of almost 500 WW II photographs including categories of Atlantic and Pacific areas, European countries, U.S. training and war production, famous people, maps, charts, and miscellaneous.
Red Cross Prisoner of War Bulletins
As a service to the families of prisoners of war, POW relief workers, and other interested parties, the Red Cross started publication of the Prisoners of War Bulletin in 1943 and continued until the end of the war. The bulletins reported on the treatment of American prisoners and the methods being taken to provide them aid and comfort. The collection contains every issue printed during the period.
Russell Reeder, Jr. Papers
The collection consists of a photocopy of the front matter of Fighting on Guadalcanal (1943), a booklet by Russell Potter Reeder (1902- ); a letter by GCM to Robert Hannegan concerning the appointment of Reeder as Postmaster at West Point; and a notebook compiled by Reeder on ricochet of seacoast guns, and formulae and tables used for artillery.
Reminiscences About George C. Marshall
The collection consists of a number of reminiscences in the form of letters and memoirs about GCM written by his associates. Many are letters to Forrest C. Pogue to aid him in writing his biography of Marshall. Contributors include Madeleine C. Davis, V.J. Gregory, Charles D. Herron, Robert Cutler, John Steeves, and Louis W. Whaley.
James W. Riddleberger Papers
James Williams Riddleberger (1904-1982) achieved the rank of career ambassador after 38 years of service in the State Department. The collection consists of his speeches given between 1958 and 1967. In addition there are four oral history interviews of Riddleberger.
Ben Ritter Collection
This small collection contains eight photographs and negatives circa 1945. Five of the photos show downed aircraft including two photos with the swastika symbol. One photo is of soldiers eating in the field and the remaining two are of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. The photographs were probably taken in the latter part of 1945 as the Allied forces moved across the French countryside.
Paul M. Robinett Papers
The collection consists of the correspondence and writing of Paul M. Robinett during WW I. He did not again see battle until North Africa in 1942, where he was wounded. Correspondence makes up the bulk of the collection, which is mostly military in nature. Robinett’s unpublished autobiographies, Among the First and Along the Way, document the period from WW I to 1943, while his diary, A Pt . of the Story, covers the years 1936-1941. A career Army officer, Robinett first served on the Mexican border. In addition to military career material, there is also a large collection of Robinett’s historical publications, research notes, and notebooks. Also found are army manuals and publications, and other printed material.
Fred S. Rodkey Collection
In 1965 Fred S. Rodkey compiled a series of documents, pertinent to his theories on the use of psychological warfare, in order to get wide recognition of his ideas. These theories were formulated while Rodkey was serving in the Historical Sub-section of the Office of the Secretary, General Staff, SHAEF, in early 1944.
George L. Roth Collection
The collection consists of sheet music of twelve WW I era songs, including “Over There” and “There’s a Long, Long Trail”, as well as “Dear Lad O’Mine” and “Keep the Home Fires Burning”.
David Saltman Collection
David Saltman volunteered for the draft and entered military service in 1941. He saw action at the Battle of the Bulge and was awarded the Bronze Star for participation with the 5th Armored Division. During General George Patton’s occupation of Germany, Saltman served as the Prison-of-War Hospital Security officer for Third Army. The collection consists of articles, clippings, and memoirs from the war period, including a typed account of the Battle of the Bulge, 16 December 1944 – 16 January 1945.
Robert Sams Collection
Robert Sams served in the U.S. Coast Guard during World War II aboard the U.S.S. Cambria. The Cambria fought on the Pacific front in the Marshall Islands, Saipan, Tinian, Okinawa, and New Guinea. The collection contains photographs and materials concerning the U.S.S. Cambria, as well as memorabilia from the places he visited.
Lester Schnare Collection
Lester L. Schnare began his career with the Foreign Service department of the U.S. in the early 1900s. By 1918, Schnare had served as Vice-Consul in China and then in the Division of Passport control in the Department of State. In September of 1919, he was promoted to American Consular, class VII. He began his service as an American Consul in Yokohama, Japan in March 1920. He was reappointed to Kobe, Japan in July 1921 where the conditions were subpar. By February of 1922 he was transferred to Swatow, China and remained there until July, 1923 when he was reassigned to Cartagena, Colombia. It appears Schnare experienced some bad health in Cartagena and was advised to take leave to a cooler climate by an American physician. He left Cartagena in 1927 and reentered the Foreign Service in 1930 on assignment in Germany where he served until 1935. From 1937 until 1939, Schnare served in Milan, Italy; followed by yearlong appointments in Rangoon, Burma (1941 to 1942) and Calcutta, India (1942 to 1943) and a short term appointment in Tehran, Persia [Iran] (1943). Lester L. Schnare concluded his career in Genoa, Italy from 1944 until 1948. His wife, Margaret K. Schnare, appears to have traveled with him to each post with a few exceptions.
School for Personnel Services Collection
The collection consists of a History of the School for Personnel Services. Organized in 1942, by the Army, the School’s purpose was to train officers and enlisted men to supervise the recreational, educational, and entertainment life of American military installations. Subjects covered in the History include courses taught, the organization of the school, and a post diary. Ancillary material relating to the school can also be found
Jim Scow Papers
The papers of Dr. Jim Scow (1915-1978), a resident of Lexington, VA, consist of orders, medical notes, articles, maps, clippings, slides, newspapers, and pamphlets dealing with Scow’s military service. The items concern Scow’s career as a member of the U.S. Army Medical Corps in the Far East, specifically in the Philippines and Korea.
Jay R. Sculley Collection
Jay R. Sculley became the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research, Development, and Acquisition) in October 1981 and held the position until 1989. The collection contains all documents relating to this position and includes correspondence, travel related materials, daily planner calendars, speeches, and trip reports.
Germain Seligman Papers
The papers of Germain Seligman (1893-1978) document his WW I services as French Liaison Officer to the First American Division of the AEF. Included are Seligman’s military records, orders, military reports, and instruction books, as well as personal correspondence, photographs, and articles written by Seligman. He later became internationally known as an art critic and dealer in New York and Paris.
William T. Sexton Papers
The papers of William Thaddeus Sexton (1901-1983) deal mainly with his terms as Assistant Secretary and Secretary in the Office of the Chief of Staff under GCM. Included are correspondence and memoranda between Sexton, Henry Stimson, and GCM; reports on U.S. military strength and organization; and drafts of speeches and statements by GCM.
Shelton H. Short, Jr. Papers
The papers document the military service of Shelton H. Short, Jr. (1898-1974), as well as his business and political activities in southside Virginia. Included are personal correspondence, clippings, pamphlets, and letters Short received while with the Red Cross, the Virginia Protective Force, and during two summer training sessions at VMI. Also found are manuscripts of articles and monographs written by Dr. Shelton H. Short, III.
Shelton H. Short, III Collection
As historian, writer, forester, and investor, Shelton H. Short’s career is varied and interesting. Worldwide travel augments his many American and foreign academic degrees. This smaller collection contains photocopies of resumés, newspaper clippings on various topics, and educational certificates. This larger collection of Shelton H. Short’s includes official and personal mementos of his various travels and experiences. The material consists of personal photographs, travel related materials, United Nations materials, scrapbooks, and photo albums. A second collection is also available.
George H. and Adelaide Simpson Collection
This small collection contains newspaper clippings and a booklet detailing the dedication of the George C. Marshall Foundation and the Marshall Plan.
Homer E. Simpson Collection
Homer E. Simpson served in World War I with the 81st Division. His collection includes his diary, a type written transcription of the diary, photographs, documents and other memorabilia.
Richard Alexander and Richard Bain Alexander Sinclair Collection
This collection contains items of a father and son, both of whom spent time in the military. Richard Alexander Sinclair served with the Virginia Volunteers Battalion during World War I. His son, Richard Bain Sinclair, served in World War II as a field artillery observation officer with the 13th Field Artillery from 1942 to 1946. He served in the European Theatre of Operations and came ashore D+1 (June 7, 1944) at Normandy. This small collection consists of several training manuals, booklets, pamphlets, and World War II maps. There are also several photographs of the father, Richard Alexander Sinclair.
Marie Marshall Singer Collection
The collection contains information on the Marshall family and GCM compiled by GCM’s sister, Marie Marshall Singer (1876-1962). Included are clippings, reports, itineraries, menus, correspondence, promissory notes, postcards, tax receipts, and a Marshall family genealogy.
J. Robert Slaughter Collection
Slonaker Family Collection
This small collection contains items collected for two Slonaker family members who served in both world wars. Joshua Slonaker was killed in action in France in 1918 and was buried in an American cemetary in France but later re-interred in Quaker Cemetary near his hometown of Dillon’s Run, West Virginia. Raymond Slonaker enlisted in 1942 at Fort Myer, Virginia. The collection contains burial policies and overseas cemetary care for World War I soldiers and two Selective Service cards from World War II.
The papers document the history of the Smith family of Greenville, Virginia and the academic and military career of Earl LaVerne Crum (1891-1961), professor of classics at Lehigh, who retired to the Smith family home in Augusta County, Virginia in 1957. Smith family papers include correspondence, deeds, wills, plats, slave sales, and other financial papers. Included is material from the Randolph, Brooks, Wilson, and Price families. The Earl Crum papers include correspondence between Crum and his wife; Crum’s publications; and military records, including the controversy over the de-Nazification of Heidelberg University after WW II. There are also numerous photographs of the postwar period.
Cecil B. Smyth Collection
The collection contains eighteen letters written to Cecil Smyth, who lived in Fort Worth, Texas during World War I. Most of the letters are written from training bases located within the United States.
Linford Dunlap Snead Collection
Linford Dunlap Snead was drafted in 1942 during his junior year at West Virginia University. He learned to fly B-17 bombers and was stationed on Ie Shima, the island closest to Japan. He served as the company clerk there for eight months. The collection consists of a small memoir entitled “The Tales of My Duty During World War II” that includes color photocopies (computer scanned images) of photographs, newspaper clippings, diplomas, certificates, radio signal instructions, postcards, ticket stubs, and telegrams.
James Srodes Collection
James Srodes is a veteran journalist in Washington, D.C. He joined United Press International’s Washington bureau in 1967 and has written for various publications during the subsequent forty years, including Business Week, Forbes, Financial World (the latter two as bureau chief), and The Sunday Telegraph. He is a regular contributor to the American Spectator, the Washington Times, and comments on the radio for the BBC World Report. This collection includes information about Allen Welsh Dulles, Clover Todd Dulles, John Foster Dulles, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Office of Strategic Services.
Pierpont L. Stackpole Diary
Pierpont L. Stackpole (1875-1936) kept this diary while he was aide-de-camp to General Hunter Liggett during WW I. Stackpole gives a daily account of activities and meetings at Liggett’s headquarters in Neufchateau, Ligny-en-Barrois, and Coblenz. Troop movements, dispositions, and results of the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne campaigns are recorded. Also included are Stackpole’s opinions of officers of Germany, France, England, and the U.S., as well as his attitude on YMCA, women, blacks, Franklin Roosevelt, and certain politicians. There is both a handwritten and typescript version of the diary.
State Department Nuremberg Trial & Pearl Harbor Documents
Documents gathered by the State Department in preparation for two separate investigations following WW II, the Nuremberg Trials and the Pearl Harbor Attack Inquiry, make up this collection. The Nuremberg records include photostatic copies of telegrams and consular reports prepared for the Secretary of State between 1932 and 1941. Also included are copies of correspondence between Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers. Pearl Harbor papers include copies of decoded Japanese telegrams, memoranda sent to the Chief of Staff, telegrams and consular reports from 1939 to 1942, as well as the Army Pearl Harbor Board Reports and statements by Henry Stimson and Harry Truman in 1945-1946.
James Russel Stephens Collection
James Russel Stephens served in the U.S. Army from 1942-65 during which time he saw combat in the Philippines during World War II, accompanied General James VanFleet on his mediation mission to Greece during the Greek Civil War, worked with the United Nations in Korea, and served as a Logistics Staff Officer with “The Voice of NATO Headquarters,” 106th Signal Group in France in the early 1960s. The collection contains a photocopy of Dr. Stephens’ memoirs.
William M. Stokes, Jr. Papers
The papers document the military career of William Miles Stokes, Jr. (1901-1980), Virginia Military Institute (VMI) Class of 1921, who later served on the VMI Board of Visitors, 1951-1965, and the board of trustees of the George C. Marshall Foundation. Military records include eight handwritten notebooks Stokes kept during his service in North Africa and England on maneuvers and personnel; maps of the Yellow Beach landing; and papers concerning the landing of the 67th Armored Division at Normandy. Also included are various citations Stokes received. The material on the George C. Marshall Foundation consists of correspondence, minutes, and reports.
Elizabeth C. Strayhorn Collection
Elizabeth Strayhorn was an officer in the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) which later became the Women’s Army Corps (WAC), rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. The collection contains a large scrapbook of photographs and newspaper clippings; letters, memorandums, orders, speeches, lectures, poems, pamphlets, and publications dealing with her service with these organizations from 1941 to 1947.
Zenrui Sugihara Diary
The author of the diary was a company-grade officer in the Imperial Japanese Army. He chronicles Japanese ground combat on Iwo Jima and life on the island before and during the battle. He did not survive the fighting. A photostatic copy of the diary is available as well as a copy of The Journal of Military History, January 1995, Volume 59, Number 1, in which the diary was printed and reviewed.
Arthur P. Terry Collection
Captain Arthur Palfrey Terry was Commander of Company B, 320th Infantry, 80th Division, which saw service in France during World War I. He arrived in France on May 30, 1918, and served there until late in 1919, taking part in the Battle of Meuse-Argonne and in the Commission to Negotiate Peace. The collection primarily consists of materials concerning his World War I career including a diary he kept while in France, a copy of a report on the Meuse-Argonne offensive, field orders, bulletins, correspondence, certificates, documents, maps, newspaper clippings, photographs and programs.
Francis I. Thompson Collection
Thompson was a White House news photographer during the Coolidge through Truman administrations. He traveled carte blanche with the press corps and was with President Truman on the Augusta on their way to the Potsdam Conference. The collection contains a presidential log of the Berlin Conference, a top secret letter outlining press corps rules for the Berlin trip, the Senate Hearing making declaration of war, and two blank invitation cards printed for Field Marshall Göring.
Royce L. Thompson Collection
The collection consists of two unpublished manuscripts dealing with ETO invasion casualties and American intelligence on the German counteroffensive, November 1-December 15, 1944. The two volume manuscript covers Army, Corps, and Division level activities of the 12th Army Group, giving the order of battle of the American troops in the Moselle-Sauer. Included are tactics, strategies, critiques, formations, etc., which span over 750 pages.
H.G.A. Timmis Papers
H.G.A. Timmis, a British citizen, captained ships for the New York and Pacific Steamship Company and R. Chapman and Sons of Newcastle-on-Tyne. While he was at sea, Timmis carried on correspondence with A.F. deForest Allgood of New York City and an unnamed senator. Discussed in the letters are personal events, the effect of WW I on shipping patterns, and Timmis’ problems with his crew.
Albert Edward Traegar Collection
A native of Dallas, Texas, Albert Edward Traegar (1892-1952) was the son of a Methodist minister. After World War I, Traegar worked for Radford Wholesale Grocery as a salesman. The collection contains correspondence written by Traegar to his family from October 1917 through April 1919.
Lucian K. Truscott Papers
The papers of Lucian King Truscott, Jr. (1895-1965) include his personal correspondence (1936-1964) and his military papers (1942-1944, 1961). The WW II papers deal with his service as an Army officer who rose from the rank of Colonel to temporary Lieutenant General. He was stationed with the European Theater of Operations Headquarters (1942-1943), and held the following commands: Third Division, 1943-1944; VI Corps, 1944; Fifth Army, 1944-1945; and the Third Army, 1945-1946. His professional papers also treat his service on the War Department Screening Board (1946-1947), the Joint Amphibious Operation Report (1949) and a Rehabilitation Study (1961). Included are correspondence, memoranda, radio messages, transcripts of hearings, transcripts of telephone conversations, speeches, reports, maps, and printed materials.
James B. Tucker Collection
Colonel Tucker served in Northern France, Rhineland and Central Europe during World War II. Although Colonel Tucker retired from the U.S. Army Air Force in 1946, he later reenlisted and served in Korea and Vietnam. The collection contains official documents pertaining to Tucker’s military service, training certificates, Tucker’s personal records, newspaper clippings, and photographs.
Ann A. H. Tullidge Collection
Ann Archer Hogshead Tullidge (1902-1995) of Staunton, Virginia, compiled the pamphlet “A Paratroopers Faith” for her son George, a sergeant in the 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division. After his death on July 8, 1944 in the Normandy invasion, she published the booklet at her own expense and distributed over 300,000 copies to soldiers. In 1989 the Secretary of the Army awarded Ann Tullidge the “Decoration for Distinguished Civilian Service” for this selfless deed. The collection contains two copies of the 32-page booklet “A Paratroopers Faith.”
Susanna P. Turner Collection
Lt. Col. Turner was a member of the first Officers Candidate School for WACs in 1942, and one of ten selected for Command and General Staff School. The collection consists of personal correspondence, mostly to her mother, Mrs. Joseph A. Turner, who lived in Roanoke, Virginia.
Benny Ignatius Tuzinski Collection
Benny Tuzinski was born in Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania in 1920. He served in World War II as an ambulance driver and medic in the 78th Infantry Division and was awarded the Bronze Star for going behind German lines to rescue American soldiers. The collection contains memorabilia from the 78th Division as well as maps showing the areas of France, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Czechoslovakia where the 78th fought.
Steven M. Twiford Collection
The collection contains the February 20, 1945 issue of Look magazine. The front cover is of General George C. Marshall with an article inside titled “World Commander: A Re-evaluation of George Marshall Who Planned Victory the Hard Way.”
James Allen Tyler Collection
James Allen Tyler was a Private First Class in the U.S. Army during World War II. Originally from Princess Anne County near Virginia Beach, Tyler was recruited for service in 1943. He received his basic training at Ft. Eustis, Virginia, and landed in Normandy in 1944, six days after the invasion. An interested man, Tyler collected news leaflets and German propaganda when he could find it. Tyler was also a fanatic stamp collector and was able to collect a large number of stamps from a deserted German post office.
United States Embassy – Austria Collection
The collection covers the implementation and functions of the European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan) in Austria. Included are ledgers which record loans made to individual industries, leaflets, and government decisions.
Bruce D. Vail Collection
The collection contains a story written by Mr. Vail concerning Lieutenant Bruce Fusner’s service with the 5th Artillery Corps in Normandy during World War II.
Paul Van Doren Collection
The collection contains two letters sent from George C. Marshall’s biographer, Dr. Forrest C. Pogue, to Captain Van Doren regarding Marshall’s trip to the Western Front in October 1944.
James A. Van Fleet Papers
The James A. Van Fleet papers are divided into seven subgroups. The first pertains to Van Fleet’s immediate and extended family, while the remaining six correspond to his varied military assignments and personal business interests: Family; Personal; Military, Greece; Korea; Assignments and Trips; Board Memberships. Also included is an extensive photograph collection making the Van Fleet papers one of the largest collections in the Archives.
Gilbert Sanford Vernam Collection
Gilbert Sandford Vernam (1890-1960) worked for the research department of American Telephone and Telegraph and other communication companies, but he was best known for his contributions to the science of cryptology. The collection contains some random notes (1919), and an incomplete copy of an abstract of a speech by H.H. Timbers on “Printing Telegraphy” (1919) and blueprints of Multiple Test Set for No. 11 Lamp Multiple Test Circuit (1912). Also included is a copy of the Manual for the Solution of Military Ciphers by Parker Hitt (1918). The major part of the collections consists of three diaries kept by Vernam during 1918, 1919, and 1922-26. The 1918 volume deals primarily with the Morkrum Deciphering, Enciphering Set.
General John W. Vessey Digital Archive
The George C. Marshall Foundation is honored to host a digital archive for General John W. Vessey, a WWII veteran, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and long-time member of the Marshall Foundation Board of Trustees. General John William Vessey, Jr. began his 46-year military career in the Minnesota National Guard in 1939 when he was 16. He received a battlefield commission during the Battle of Anzio while serving in the 34th Infantry Division in World War II. General Vessey also served during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. In 1982, President Ronald Reagan appointed him to serve as the tenth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. When he retired in 1985 at the age of 63, he was the longest-serving active duty member of the United States Army. In 1967 Vessey was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and in 1992 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
The song book contains lyrics for 62 songs relating to the Women’s Army Corps. It contains patriotic songs, songs written especially for the WACS and humorous songs, on all subjects relating to women in the military service.
Edmund C. Waddill Collection
The collection includes class notes made by Edmund Clivious Waddill (1883-1964), a career Army officer, while stationed at Fort Benning, Georgia, on the Meuse-Argonne offensive. Also included are notes from the army school at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, as well as attack orders, special orders, work projects, and maps.
Forrest Walker Collection
This small collection contains a series of newspaper articles and magazines from the World War II era as well as articles detailing World War II veterans’ affairs and memorials.
Mary Elizabeth Walker Collection
The collection contains three photocopied scrapbooks of newspaper clippings and articles from the World War II era.
Walton Walker Collection
This is a rather extensive collection of material about the XX Army Corps and 3rd Army operations in Europe, 1944-1945. Included are photographs, after-action reports, combat and training events, scrapbooks, etc. Personal correspondence and photographs are also part of these holdings.
War Depart Reports, WWII
This collection consists of a number of widely disparate reports issued by numerous War Department offices. Among the reports included are: “Army Air Force, Location of Units, 1941-1945”, “A Short Account of Eighth Army Operations, 1943”, and after action reports of the Fourth Cavalry Group MECZ for 1943-1945. Subjects treated include the Purchases Division, the North African Campaign and organization of the Army Air Force, and the War Department Operations Division.
Edward N. Warfield Collection
The collection contains 120 issues of Stars & Stripes newspaper dated July – October 1945
John R. Watson Collection
This small collections consists of material relating to Colonel Watson’s service with General Marshall in China, 1946-1947 and with Marshall as Secretary of State, 1947-1949. The collection contains letters, a postcard, maps, photographs, newspaper and magazine clippings. Of special interest are letters Watson wrote to his family relating his personal opinion of Marshall, and detailed maps of Nanking, China.
Mark Skinner Watson Notes
As preparation for writing Chief of Staff: Prewar Plans and Preparations, a volume in the United States in World War II series, Mark Skinner Watson, an artillery officer in WW I and war correspondent in WW II, took a series of notes. These notes were taken from War Department, Chief of Staff, Army and Operations Division records, and concern such topics as TORCH, Army personnel needs, morale, and weapons development.
What The Soldier Thinks
These studies were conducted from 1943-1945 and are contained in 16 volumes. They were published and distributed among the officers to give them an idea of soldier opinion. Many of the officers were surprised that anyone would ask the opinion of the average soldier, whose only job, they felt, was to simply obey orders. General Marshall reminded them that these soldiers would some day return home and become voters. His decision to have these studies conducted marked a breakthrough in understanding the mind of the average soldier in WWII. The volumes address such topics as race relations, how the enlisted man felt about his commanding officer, how soldiers reacted to fear in combat, effectiveness of army training, and other provocative questions of the time. The 16 volumes were released in monthly digests and a second volume of over one hundred pages was released also.
George Wickersham Collection
George Woodward Wickersham II was born in Long Island, New York, and was educated at New York and Massachusetts schools and the Virginia Theological Seminary. Dr. Wickham held parishes in New York, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire and Virginia. During World War II he served as a chaplain with the United States Marines. The collection contains a 538 page memoir entitled “Marine Chaplain” that was written immediately after his service in the war. The memoirs contain, not battle stories, but the more encompassing story of humans of all walks of life in time of war. Photographs accompany the text of the manuscript.
Malcolm L. Williams Collection
After completing basic training at Fort Hood, Texas, Malcolm Williams served on occupation duty in the Bremen area of Germany in 1946. This small collection contains booklets from Fort Hood and Germany, maps, newspaper items, and “Two Niner” newspapers from Germany.
Donald Wilson Papers
Donald Wilson (1892-1978) was a pioneer in the Army Air Corps, serving in the Army for 31 years before retiring as a Major General. Wilson spent his retirement years doing a genealogical study of his family in Rockbridge, Augusta, and Bath counties in Virginia. The collection consists of his notes, correspondence, genealogy charts and data sheets acquired during his research. An oral history transcript is included. (See also Theresa Wilson Cochran Collection, MS 251)
J. Page Wilson Collection
This collection includes correspondence between Marshall and Rose Page Wilson, his goddaughter. They first met in 1919 when Marshall with his first wife Lily moved into the apartment building where Rose’s family lived. It was a relationship that endured for the rest of Marshall’s life. In 1968, Mrs. Wilson published a memoir, General Marshall Remembered and two newspaper clippings about the publication are also included in the collection.
Gleason and Margaret Wilson Collection
Gleason Wilson served with the 5th Engineer Brigade during World War II and participated in the D-Day landings on June 6, 1944 at Omaha Beach. Margaret Wilson served during the D-Day operations as a nurse with the 51st Field Hospital. The couple first met at Camp Pickett, Virginia in 1942 and in July 1944, an official request to marry was granted. Margaret Wilson left the military after her war service and continued to work as a nurse for many years. Gleason Wilson went on to serve in the Korean War. They are both buried at Arlington National Cemetary. The collection includes official military papers, a diary of the actions at the 51st Field Hospital, photographs, and personal mementos
Richard C. Wing Collection
Richard Wing was a sergeant in the U.S. Army and became General George C. Marshall’s cook and orderly at Fort Myer, Virginia in 1944. He later accompanied Marshall on his Mission to China in 1946 and to the “Big Four” Foreign Ministers Conference in Moscow in 1947. After the war, Wing became owner and chief cook at the Imperial Dynasty restaurant in Hanford, California. The collection contains Wing’s personal memoirs, letters between Wing and the Marshalls, photographs, documents relating to Wing’s military service, articles about the Imperial Dynasty restaurant, and a dvd, “Stories of Service, Richard Wing.”
Reginald Winn Collection
In this unpublished manuscript Reginald Winn (1900- ), aide-de-camp to Sir John Dill, 1942-1944, describes his travels with Dill to various conferences, including Casablanca, in a chatty, travelogue style. Also included are six speeches given by Dill in 1944.
William Alexander Winston Collection
The collection consists of items belonging to William Alexander Winston (1898-1937), Virginia Military Institute (VMI) class of 1920, and includes a calendar, a copy of his valedictory speech at VMI, a souvenir program from the 1923 re-enactment of the Battle of New Market, and Winston’s certificate of appointment to the Cavalry as 2nd Lieutenant.
George J. Winter Collection
This small collection contains four articles written by George Winter concerning military actions on the Ardennes front during the Battle of the Bulge in World War II. Most of the accounts are taken from veterans of the battles described.
George Withers Collection
George Withers was an army illustrator stationed in the European Theatre of Operations during World War II. The collection contains prints made by Mr. Withers of wartime scenes. There are ten prints in the collection of which eight are framed and two are unframed.
C. Tyler Wood Papers
Clinton Tyler Wood (1900-1983) was a State Department official for three decades and a key figure in the Marshall Plan. Wood joined the State Department in 1945, working as senior aide to the Assistant Secretary for Economic Affairs. During the 1950s he served as economic coordinator for the United Nations in South Korea. Wood then spent eight years in India as Minister of Economic Affairs for the U.S. Embassy and Director of the U.S. Technology Mission. From 1964-1970 he was associated with AID as a special assistant. His retirement in that year did not keep him from continuing his connection with AID; he remained a consultant until his death in 1983. Wood’s papers document his activities in India, Korea, and Vietnam. The collection consists of correspondence, both business and personal; reports on various Third World nations and their problems; speeches by Wood on development in Korea and India; clippings on foreign aid, Korea, India, and Vietnam; and photographs of Wood and his associates, as well as the various place he traveled. Some material from Wood’s earlier career is also available.
Margaret Craighill Wotherspoon Collection
The collection contains a copy of Dr. Margaret Craighill Wotherspoon’s 1947 report “History of Psychiatric Aspects of Women Serving in the Army”, delivered before the American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting; newspaper clippings; and greeting cards. Wotherspoon was the first woman admitted to the Women’s Army Corps and first woman doctor ever commissioned as a major in the Armed Medical Corps.
C. Ben Wright/Kennan Biographer Project
The collection consists of research material amassed by C. Ben Wright III (1942- ) while writing a dissertation and later unpublished biography of George F. Kennan. Most of the material is copied documents and secondary source items. Among the items to be found are copies of Policy Planning Staff documents, Foreign Relations of the United States series material, and Kennan documents from Princeton University and the National Archives. Numerous articles written by and about Kennan, as well as drafts of Wright’s dissertation and the unpublished biography, are also included.
D. E. Wykoff Collection
D. E. Wykoff was a Captain in the U.S. Army. The collection contains one sheet of German postage stamps. The stamps have the face of George C. Marshall on a blue background. They were printed in West Germany in 1959.
Tomoyuki Yamashita Trial Memorandum
The collection documents Courtney Whitney’s attempt to refute arguments made in A. Frank Reel’s book, The Case of General Yamashita, that the Japanese war crimes trials were unfair and unlawful. Included are correspondence and Whitney’s lengthy memorandum.
John C. Young Collection
The collection contains material pertaining to Case 12 at the War Crimes Trials in Nuremberg. Included are German military organization and doctrine, as well as personal involvement of those on trial. The transcripts of the Tribunal are also part of the collection. These concern the following German defendants: Johannes Blaskowitz, Karl Hollidt, Herman Hoth, George von Kuechler, Wilhelm von Leeb, Rudolph Lehmann, Hermann Reinecke, Hans Reinhardt, Karl von Roques, Hans von Salmuth, Otto Schniewind, Hugo Sperrle, Walter Warlimont, and Otto Woehler. John C. Young (1886-1980) was the presiding judge of Tribunal No. 5 in Nuremberg.
The 25th Infantry Division was created from the Hawaiian Division of the United States Army. Its history includes participation in World War II, the occupation of Japan, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The Division is often referred to as “Tropic Lightning.” This collection contains personal donations from 25th Infantry Division veterans from World War II, the Korean War, and Vietnam. Materials include official military reports, personal recollections, maps, photographs, letters, newspapers and clippings, oral histories, and various personal memorabilia.
35th U.S. Infantry Regiment Scrapbook
A scrapbook presented to Colonel William Ross Scott, commander of the 35th U.S. Regiment stationed in the Hawaiian Islands, on his departure from the post in 1940. Included in the book are photographs of personnel, maneuvers, scenery, athletic events, and daily life, as well as signatures of the men under Scott’s command.
63rd Infantry Division Collection
The 63rd Division was activated on June 15, 1943 and consisted of three infantry regiments: the 253rd, 254th and 255th. The Division was sent to France in December 1944 and the three infantry divisions were reassigned to various divisions of the 6th Army Group. The 253rd was attached to the 44th Infantry Division; the 254th was attached to the 3rd Infantry Division; and the 255th was attached to the 100th Infantry Division. In September 1945, the 63rd Infantry Division returned to the U.S. and was deactivated. The collection contains 16 cds that contain Division and Regimental histories, newspapers, photographs, orders, and morning reports.
100th Infantry Division Collection
The 100th Infantry Division, also known as the Century Division, was activated on 14 November, 1942, at Fort Jackson, South Carolina. Major General Withers A. Burress took command at that time and remained commander until 22 September, 1945. The Division fought in northeastern France and western Germany, and during its six months of combat, it liberated or captured over 400 towns. One of these towns in France was Bitche, from whence the soldiers drew their nickname, The Sons of Bitche. The collection contains intelligence, personnel, and operations documents; morning reports, memoirs, maps, newspapers, and photographs.
101st Airborne Jumpmaster Reports
The collection consists of jumpmaster reports and a rough draft of Maxwell D. Taylor’s report on the performance of the 101st Airborne Division in Operation Overlord.
172nd Combat Engineer Battalion Collection
The collection contains a large cartoon-syle drawing of the History of the 172nd Combat Engineer Battalion, and a large typed Battalion History of the 172nd from activation on June 23, 1943 to V-E Day, May 8, 1945.