25th Infantry Division Association Collection
The 25th Infantry Division was created from the Hawaiian Division of the United States Army. Its history includes participation in World War II, the occupation of Japan, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The Division is often referred to as “Tropic Lightning.” This collection contains personal donations from 25th Infantry Division veterans from World War II, the Korean War, and Vietnam. Materials include official military reports, personal recollections, maps, photographs, letters, newspapers and clippings, oral histories, and various personal memorabilia. Explore the collection here.
100th Infantry Division Collection
The 100th Infantry Division, also known as the Century Division, was activated on 14 November, 1942, at Fort Jackson, South Carolina. Major General Withers A. Burress took command at that time and remained commander until 22 September, 1945. The Division fought in northeastern France and western Germany, and during its six months of combat, it liberated or captured over 400 towns. One of these towns in France was Bitche, from whence the soldiers drew their nickname, The Sons of Bitche. The collection contains intelligence, personnel, and operations documents; morning reports, memoirs, maps, newspapers, and photographs. Explore the collection here.
Army Signal Corps Photo Collection
This is a large collection covering every major aspect of the United States (U.S.) involvement in WWII. The main focus is on the U.S. Army, but there are small sections on the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, the home front, war production, governmental agencies, relief agencies, etc. The photos are arranged numerically. Some of the photos pre-date the war by several years, and quite a few are of the U.S. Army in occupation duty in Europe or Asia between 1945 and 1950. The majority of the photos date between 1941 and 1945. Explore the collection here.
Henry H. "Hap" Arnold
Henry Harley “Hap” Arnold was an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force. Arnold was an aviation pioneer, Chief of the Air Corps (1938–1941), Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces, and the only U.S. Air Force general to hold five-star rank. Explore the collection here.
Therese Bonney Collection
The collection consists of book reviews, magazine articles, clippings, and a letter to Henry Stimson, all concerning Therese Bonney’s Europe’s Children, a book published in 1944 which shows the horrors of war through the eyes of children. Explore the collection here.
C. W. Bowman Collection
C.W. Bowman served in the Vietnam War, in Chu Chi and Trang Bang. The collection contains over 300 Photographs Bowman took during his service, as well as slides and printed materials from the duration of the war. Bowman included a detailed explanation of his experiences in Vietnam. Explore the collection here.
Lucius D. Clay Collection
The papers of Lucius DuBignon Clay (1897-1978) almost exclusively document his post-military career as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Continental Can (1950-1962) and as Senior Partner in Lehman Brothers investment banking house (1962-1973). Material includes correspondence, articles, interviews, speeches and statements, and office records. Scrapbooks and photograph albums documenting the period 1943-1978 round out the collection. Explore the collection here.
Elizebeth Smith Friedman Collection
Wife of William F. Friedman, Elizebeth Friedman was an expert crypologist in her own right. She played a leading role in cracking criminal and military codes and was a pioneer in government crypology. Elizebeth Friedman collaborated with her husband on The Shakespearean Ciphers Examined as well as studying the Beale Treasure and the Voynich Manuscript. The collection contains correspondence, government files, personal investigations, personal materials, newspaper clippings, and journals. Explore the collection here.
William F. Friedman Collection
William Frederick Friedman (1891-1969) was an American cryptologist, considered by experts to be the greatest of all time. The papers consist of general correspondence (1942-1969); government service papers; Congressional Relief Bill material; patents; speeches and writing; numerically indexed papers; and photographs. Correspondence with cryptographers of national and international renown can also be found. Friedman’s private cryptological work on such subjects as the Voynich manuscripts, codes and ciphers of ancient cultures, and the authorship of Shakespeare’s work are also treated in the collection. Also to be found is a personal library of 110 linear feet, 18 linear feet of vertical file material, and 12 linear feet of artifacts. Explore the collection here.
Leslie R. Groves Collection
Leslie Richard Groves (1896-1970) was the military commander of the Manhattan Engineering District – the atomic bomb project. He oversaw the production and testing of the first atomic bomb, working closely with J. Robert Oppenheimer and other scientists at Los Alamos, New Mexico. Following publication of his book, Now It Can Be Told, in 1962, Groves put twenty-one of the documents pertaining to the Manhattan Project into a scrapbook. Included are the memo requesting Groves for special duty, the messages for President Truman at Potsdam, the memo for Secretary Stimson regarding the testing of the bomb and its effect, as well as documents concerning the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Explore the collection here.
E. Howard Hammersley Photograph Collection
E. Howard Hammersley entered the Army Air Corps in 1942 and graduated from their photo school. He served thirty-eight months in England, Africa, and Italy finishing his World War II duty as chief photo officer of the Mediterranean Allied Air Forces. He flew more than forty combat missions capturing the danger of aerial warfare in grisly detail. The collection contains photographs taken by Hammersley during World War II. Explore the collection here.
George C. Marshall Papers
The papers are divided into twelve groups according to Marshall’s assignments and the offices he held at: Fort Benning, 1932; Fort Screven, 1932-1933; Fort Moultrie, 1933; Illinois National Guard, 1933-1936; Vancouver Barracks, 1936-1938; Pentagon Office (includes deputy Chief of Staff and Chief of Staff period), 1938-1945; China Mission, 1945-1947; Secretary of State, 1947-1948; American Battle Monuments Commission, 1949-1950; American Red Cross, 1949-1950; Secretary of Defense, 1950-1952; and Retirement, 1951-1960. Each subgroup is made up of one or more series, including biographical material; correspondence; shorthand notebooks; speeches; statements and writings; engagement books; and scrapbooks. Included in the online collection are the digital copies of all six published volumes. Explore the collection here.
George C. Marshall Photograph Collection
The photograph collection of the George C. Marshall Foundation Library and Archives. Includes photos of Marshall during his life, those relevant to his career as well as personal photos of his family. Explore the collection here.
George Catlett Marshall and Katherine Tupper Marshall Collection
The collection consists of three distinct series of records: the George Catlett Marshall Collection, the Marshall Correspondence Collection, and the Katherine T. Marshall Collection. The George Catlett Marshall Collection consists of records that he acquired throughout his lifetime, from his first Army to retirement.The Marshall Correspondence Collection consists of correspondence files maintained by George Catlett Marshall from 1938 to 1959, which ranges from autograph requests and birthday greetings to personal correspondence and household records. The Katherine Tupper Marshall Collection consists of records that she acquired from the period of George Catlett Marshall’s service as Chief of Staff of the United States Army during World War II through his death. The records relating to the publication of Together: Annals of An Army Wife as well as tributes to George C. Marshall after his death form two distinct subseries within the collection. The types of documents that appear in this collection include correspondence, official documents, textual records, bound volumes, subject files, Photographs and newspaper clippings. Maps and oversized items from this collection are stored separately. Explore the collection here.
Frank McCarthy Collection
The papers cover two aspects of the career of Frank McCarthy (1912-1986), who served as Secretary, General Staff, under GCM from 1942-1945. These include his War Department years and his Hollywood career. War Department papers include correspondence, material dealing with inspection trips, arrangements and technical planning for Allied Conferences, speeches, maps, and clippings. McCarthy’s Hollywood career is documented by correspondence (1946-1949) and programs, as well as material relating to three of his films: Patton (1970), MacArthur (1977) and Marshall: Man of Peace, Man of War (not released). These records include correspondence, memos, research material, film scripts, production material, publicity information, and clippings. The Patton material is especially rich, providing a study of the making of a motion picture from start to finish, including research, legal matters, script writing, filming, reviews, and the winning of the Academy Award. Explore the collection here.
Forrest C. Pogue Collection
The George C. Marshall Foundation Research Library holds an oral history collection of taped interviews of associates of General Marshall conducted by Dr. Forrest Pogue. This collection also contains notes made by Dr. Pogue during these interviews. Interviews are alphabetical by last name. Each leads to a summary page containing a brief biographical sketch of the interviewee and a summary of the topics covered. For interviews where copyright permission has been granted, full transcripts and audio downloads are available. Transcripts that are not published online may be obtained by contacting the library staff. Explore the collection here.
James A. Van Fleet Collection
The James A. Van Fleet papers are divided into seven subgroups. The first pertains to Van Fleet’s immediate and extended family, while the remaining six correspond to his varied military assignments and personal business interests: Family; Personal; Military, Greece; Korea; Assignments and Trips; Board Memberships. Also included is an extensive photograph collection making the Van Fleet papers one of the largest collections in the Archives. Explore the collection here.
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