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Publisher: George C Marshall Foundation



Appendix A
Wartime Government Service of Selected Marshall Planners
BUREAU OF THE BUDGET
Bartlett Harvey
Thomas C. Schelling
Donald C. Stone
OFFICE OF PRICE ADMINISTRATION (OPA)
William R. Auman
Vincent M. Barnett
Leland Barrows
Alice Bourneuf
Henry Reuss
OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES (OSS)
Andrew Berding
David Bruce
Jean Cattier
John H. F. Haskell
Milton Katz
Charles Kindleberger
Walter Levy
Arthur Schlesinger
Stuart Schulberg
Samuel van Hyning
OFFICE OF WAR INFORMATION (OWI)
Dowsley Clark
Sidney Fine
WAR PRODUCTION BOARD (WPB)
Vincent M. Barnett
William L. Batt
Thomas Blaisdell
137


Appendix A
WAR PRODUCTION BOARD (WPB) (continued)
Walker Cisler
Lucius Clay
Norman H. Collisson
John O. Coppock
Theodore Geiger
Lincoln Gordon
Hubert Havlik
Paul A. Jenkins
Milton Katz
Shaw Livermore
John Nuveen
Paul R. Porter
Augustus Eugene Staley
Harold Stein
C. Tyler Wood
WAR SHIPPING ADMINISTRATION (WSA)
Richard M. Bissell
Lewis Douglas
Samuel van Hyning
138


Appendix B
Educational and Professional Achievements 
of Selected Marshall Planners
Ph.D. DEGREES
Vincent M. Barnett
Richard M. Bissell
Alice Bourneuf
Hollis Chenery
Howard Cottam
Theodore Geiger
Huntington Gilchrist
Lincoln Gordon
Hubert Havlik
Charles Kindleberger
Shaw Livermore
Thomas C. Schelling
Irving Swerdlow
Henry Tasca
Henry W. Wiens
RHODES SCHOLARS
Harlan Cleveland, Princeton University, 1938
Lincoln Gordon, Harvard University, 1933
John McNaughton, DePauw University, 1942
Waldemar Nielsen, University of Missouri, 1939
Norman S. Taber, Brown University, 1913
Lane Timmons, University of Georgia, 1938
Alan Valentine, Swarthmore College, 1921
COLLEGE DEANS AND PRESIDENTS
Vincent M. Barnett, President, Colgate University, 1963–69
Kingman Brewster, President, Yale University, 1963–77
McGeorge Bundy, Dean, Faculty of Arts & Sciences,
Harvard University, 1953–60
Joseph E. Carrigan, Dean, School of Agriculture, University of
Vermont, 1942–48
Harlan Cleveland, Dean, Maxwell School, Syracuse University, 1957–61;
President, University of Hawaii, 1969–74
139


Appendix B
Lincoln Gordon, President, Johns Hopkins University, 1967–71
Shaw Livermore, Dean, University of Arizona Business School
Donald C. Stone, President, Springfield College, 1953–57; Dean, School of
International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh, 1957–69
Alan Valentine, President, University of Rochester, 1935–48
NOBEL LAUREATES
Henry R. Labouisse and UNICEF, Nobel Peace Prize, 1965
Thomas C. Schelling, Nobel Prize in Economics, 2005
PULITZER PRIZE WINNERS
Alfred Friendly
Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.
AMBASSADORS
Kingman Brewster, United Kingdom, 1977–81
David Bruce, France, 1949–52; Federal Republic of Germany,
1957–59; United Kingdom, 1961–69; NATO, 1974–75
Howard Cottam, Kuwait, 1963–69
Harlan Cleveland, NATO, 1965–69
Thomas Finletter, NATO, 1961–65
Lincoln Gordon, Brazil, 1961–66
C. William Kontos, Sudan, 1980–83
Henry R. Labouisse, Greece, 1962–65
James E. Lowenstein, Luxembourg, 1977–81
Henry Tasca, Greece, 1969–74
Lane Timmons, Haiti, 1963–67
James David Zellerbach, Italy, 1956–61
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF UNICEF
Henry R. Labouisse, 1965–79
140


Appendix C
Length of Service of Selected Marshall Planners
William R. Auman (OSR, Paris; Denmark) 1948–52: 4 years
Vincent M. Barnett (Italy) 1948–50: 2 years
Andrew Berding (Italy) 1948–50: 2 years
Philip W. Bonsal (OSR, Paris) 1948–50: 2 years
Kingman Brewster (OSR, Paris) 1948–49: 1 year
Hollis Chenery (OSR, Paris; Italy) 1949–52: 3 years
Harlan Cleveland (ECA Washington) 1949–50: 1 year
Russell Dorr (Turkey) 1948–52: 4 years
Russell Drake (Greece) 1948–52: 4 years
Roscoe Drummond (OSR, Paris) 1949–51: 2 years
Thomas Flanagan (OSR, Paris; Turkey) 1949–52: 3 years
Alfred Friendly (OSR, Paris) 1948–49: 1 year
Robert Hanes (Belgium, W. Germany) 1949–51: 2 years
Hubert Havlik (OSR, Paris) 1948–52: 4 years
Paul Hoffman (ECA Washington) 1948–50: 2.5 years
Milton Katz (OSR, Paris) 1948–51: 3 years
Shaw Livermore (OSR, Paris) 1948–51: 3 years
John McNaughton (OSR, Paris) 1949–51: 2 years
Robert R. Mullen (ECA Washington) 1949–52: 3 years
John Nuveen (Greece, Belgium) 1948–50: 2 years
F. Taylor Ostrander (OSR, Paris) 1948–51: 3.5 years
Paul R. Porter (Greece; OSR, Paris) 1949–51: 2 years
Henry S. Reuss (OSR, Paris) 1948–50: 14 months
Thomas C. Schelling (OSR, Paris; Denmark) 1948–50: 2 years
Arthur Schlesinger (OSR, Paris) 1948: 2–3 months
Donald C. Stone (ECA Washington) 1948–52: 4 years
Alan Valentine (Netherlands) 1948–49: 1 year
Vernon Walters (OSR, Paris) 1948–50: 2 years
Henry W. Wiens (Turkey) 1948–52: 4 years
141


Appendix D
.
0
0
5.3
68.0
33.3
95.6
39.2
36.1
20.4
85.0
Loans
225.6
216.9
128.2
149.5
384.8
pp.
0
1,487.9
Plan
Y 1948.
24.0
19.2
15.2
86.8
677.7
491.2
239.8
706.7
832.6
216.0
140.1
Grants
2,488.2
1,173.6
1,413.0
2,805.1
407.0
11,736.2
ashington, D.C.: AID
(W
otal
T
29.3
51.3
0.93
677.7
555.2
273.1
706.7
147.4
982.1
255.2
107.2
225.1
1948–52
2,713.8
1,390.5
1,508.6
3,189.9
407.0
13,224.1
1,417,117
.
ashington, D.C.: GPO, 1954), p. 299.
0
.
9
–June 30, 1970
otal
9.2
5.5
0.1
2
(W
1952
T
14.2
92.0
17.4
69.6
0.41
116.3
262.1
179.3
159.5
100.5
-11.3
351.8
5
1,419.1
347,956
, U.S. Economic Assistance Programs
otal
8.4
1951
T
59.8
49.3
16.5
41.9
19.7
21.7
49.8
0.72
118.6
436.4
402.5
156.5
262.7
107.8
267.1
352.2
2,370.9
329,822
b
.
9
otal
7.1
1950
T
83.5
45.3
95.4
31.5
51.6
71.9
1.25
168.8
225.2
702.0
290.0
177.1
402.3
269.0
957.3
1
3,579.9
286,826
0
–77.
otal
6.0
1949
T
85.6
94.7
45.2
33.8
1.98
235.4
261.0
116.3
541.8
161.8
573.5
461.8
Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1954
1,107.2
1,387.6
0
5,111.7
258,229
c
0
0
0
0
0
otal
9.8
2.3
5.8
38.6
64.2
32.0
43.0
0.38
U.S. Economic Assistance to Europe, 1945–52
T
206.1
110.6
226.1
0
738.5
Marshall Plan
1948
194,284
(amounts in millions of dollars; years are U.S. government fiscal: July 1 to June 30)
a
0
0
0
1.0
0.5
. Plan
31.4
36.0
25.0
12.2
289.3
503.0
478.5
1,280.2
1,060.4
3,610.8
0
7,328.3
e
Pre-Mar
July 1, 1945–
April 2, 1948
d
.dec.org/pdf_docs/PNACR900.pdf). Since the time periods overlap by three months in 1948, the amount of Marshall
ruman signed the Economic Recovery Act on April 3, 1948, so this column shows the funding for April 3–June 30 of F
The numbers in this column may be found in the U.S. Agency for International Development statistics in the 2001 “Green Book,”
The numbers in these columns are from U.S. Agency for International Development
President T
Switzerland received no grants or loans during this period.
GNP figures are in U.S. Bureau of the Census,
.
a.
b.
c
d.
e.
.
Plan $ as % of GNP
–211 (see www
urkey
Austria
Belgium-Luxembourg
Denmark
France
Germany
Greece
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Sweden
T
United Kingdom
Europe (Regional)
TOTALS
U.S. Gross Natl. Prod.
Mar
Notes:
190
aid for April through June of that year has to be subtracted from the total.
Administered by the Agency for International Development and Predecessor Agencies, April 3, 1948
Office of Statistics and Reports, June 1971), pp. 16, 22, 68
142

 

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