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Editorial Summary of Meetings with Chou En-lai and Chang Chih-chung
February 25, 1946 Chungking, China
Chou En-lai, Noon
Marshall said that by the following day he would have a schedule for the Committee of Three’s trip to North China. Policies were needed that explicitly covered Manchuria, Chou suggested, in order to “avoid subsequent misunderstanding.” Marshall agreed, reiterating his views on the importance of Communist cooperation with Executive Headquarters as a way of reassuring the government of Communist good faith. Marshall was critical, however, of recent Communist-inspired demonstrations at Executive Headquarters and a February 14 Central Committee press release about Communist strength in Manchuria. The latter had encouraged widespread disapproval of and attacks on Communist policy in the Nationalist and independent press. (See Foreign Relations, 1946, 9: 448-49.) Chou assured Marshall of Communist continued good faith and suggested that various Nationalist party cliques were plotting to disrupt the agreements. (Ibid., pp. 441-42.)
Military Sub-Committee, 4:00 P.M., Generalissimo’s Aide’s Office
The meeting had been called in order that the members could sign the reorganization-integration agreement. The three signed the official English-language copies in private; they then went to the public meeting and signed the Chinese-language copies. Chang Chih-chung and Chou En-lai both praised the agreement and General Marshall for his assistance. “This agreement, I think,” Marshall said in conclusion, “represents the great hope of China. I can only trust that its pages will not be soiled by a small group of irreconcilables who for a separate purpose would defeat the Chinese people in their overwhelming desire for peace and prosperity.” (Ibid., pp. 291-95.)
Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), pp. 476-477.