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First Division War Diary Entry
July 12, 13, 14 & 15, 1917 Gondrecourt, France
1. The Division Commander with several members of his Staff left at 7 A.M. for Gondrecourt, via Paris, by automobile. Colonel Coe, Chief of Staff, and Captain Marshall, Assistant Chief of Staff, proceeded to Paris by rail.1 The 26th Infantry, Outpost Company, Signal Corps, Division Headquarters Troop and the Division Headquarters clerical force entrained during this date for Gondrecourt. The Division Inspector and one Quartermaster officer from the Division Staff remained at St. Nazaire to observe and assist in the entrainment of the remainder of the Division.
June [July] 13.
2. The Division Commander, with most of the officers of his Staff arrived in Paris on this date and reported at General Headquarters.
June [July] 14.
3. The Division Commander and his Staff remained in Paris.2
June [July] 15.
4. The Division Commander and Staff proceeded by automobile and rail to Gondrecourt, arriving between 6 and 7 P.M.3 All troops, excepting the organizations of the 5th Regiment of Marines, had arrived at their designated billeting areas after uneventful trips.
G. C. M.
Document Copy Text Source: Records of the American Expeditionary Forces (World War I) (RG 120), Records of General Headquarters (GHQ), War Diaries, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland.
Document Format: Diary entry signed.
1. Frank W. Coe (U.S.M.A., 1892) was a colonel in the Coast Artillery Corps; in August he was promoted to brigadier general and left the division. Marshall and Coe were met at the Quai d’Orsay train station by Captain George S. Patton, Jr., (V.M.I., 1903-4; U.S.M.A., 1909) who had been with Pershing at Governors Island in May and who was now commanding Pershing’s Headquarters Troop. (Marshall, Memoirs, p. 16.)
2. Marshall and the rest of Sibert’s staff watched the Bastille Day parade. Marshall later wrote that this “was our initial glimpse of first-class fighting troops of the French.” (Ibid., p. 17.)
3. Accompanying General Sibert in his automobile, Marshall recalled that en route they passed “along a portion of the battlefield of the Marne, and near Bar-le-Duc we saw the first evidences of devastation.” (Ibid.)
Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 1, “The Soldierly Spirit,” December 1880-June 1939 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981), pp. 114-115.