5-259 Memorandum for General Hull, October 30, 1945

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press
Date: October 30, 1945

Subject: Postwar

Memorandum for General Hull

October 30, 1945 [Washington, D.C.]


Dr. Evatt had two matters he wished to discuss with me:1

He was very earnest in expressions of his desire for an early decision regarding the British Commonwealth Force that is proposed for Japan, much regretting the present delay. I explained the objections to the command proposal and I do not think there would be any difficulty in modifying this to meet General MacArthur’s desires.

I told him that the matter was in the hands of the State Department and he had already talked to Mr. Byrnes.

It seems to me we have two major considerations in this matter, the extent to which we complicate our situation, particularly as regards the Advisory Control Commission, and the opportunity to reduce the American strength of the command and thus facilitate demobilization to include two-year men.

The other point concerned my Biennial Report. He felt very keenly what he thought was an omission of the listing of 6 Australian divisions in my Order of Battle and drew a contrast between the corresponding Order of Battle in the European Theater. Please take this up with North.2

Document Copy Text Source: George C. Marshall Papers, Pentagon Office Collection, Selected Materials, George C. Marshall Research Library, Lexington, Virginia.

Document Format: Typed memorandum.

1. A doctor of laws and Australia’s minister of external affairs since 1941, Herbert V. Evatt had been making a considerable effort to secure for the smaller powers a significant role in the United Nations, Foreign Ministers Council, Italian peace treaty negotiations, and other international efforts. He had spoken briefly following Marshall at the New York Herald Tribune Forum on October 29. He was in Washington, D.C., for the organizing session of the eleven-member Far Eastern Advisory Commission, and he met with Marshall on the afternoon of October 30. (New York Times, September 15, 1945, p. 14; October 31, 1945, p. 3; and November 2, 1945, p. 7.)

2. For further developments on this issue, see Marshall to Evatt, November 6, 1945, Papers of George Catlett Marshall, #5-267 [5: 349-50]. Brigadier General Thomas North had been chief of the Current Group, Operations Division, since June 1942. (Among other things, North’s group conducted the daily briefings for the chief of staff.) North was a geography and map expert who had briefly served with Marshall in the Operations Division at American Expeditionary Forces General Headquarters in 1918. He was in charge of maps at General Pershing’s A.E.F. headquarters in Washington, D.C., between 1919 and 1920, and accompanied Marshall on his trip to Brazil in 1939.

Recommended Citation: ThePapers of George Catlett Marshall, ed.Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens(Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981- ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945-January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 343.

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